Tytuł artykułu

Gas Outflow from an Underground Site – Numerical Simulations Into Baric Tendency and Airflow Rate Relationship

Tytuł czasopisma

Archives of Mining Sciences




vol. 63


No 2

Autorzy publikacji

Słowa kluczowe

CFD simulation ; CO2 leak ; Ansys Fluent ; environmental impact ; gas hazard

Wydział PAN

Nauki o Ziemi


Archives of Mining Sciences (AMS) publish research results of wide interest in all fields of mining sciences which include: rock mechanics, mining engineering, mineral processing, geotechnical engineering and tunnelling, mining and engineering geology, minig geodesy and geophysics, ventilation systems, environmental protection in mining and economical aspects in mining.

The journal established by the Polish Academy of Sciences, has been regularly issued since 1956. It enable collaboration and exchange of ideas between researchers from different countries as well as provides forum for the publication of high quality papers.

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IMPACT FACTOR 2017: 0.629, 5-year: 0,706

Score of the Ministry of Science and Higher Education = 20


Gas emissions from underground sites to the atmosphere depend on many factors. Pressure drops are considered to be the most important. However, emissions can also be observed during the initial phase of the pressure rise, following a previous drop in pressure. On the other hand, gas emissions may not be detected when the pressure drops, especially when a previous pressure rise has taken place. The aim of the research was to determine the role of variations in baric tendency on airflow rate and its direction. To solve this problem a numerical model was built utilizing the Ansys Fluent software package. Subsequently, three scenarios of baric tendency variations were tested: a) rise – drop, b) drop – drop, c) drop – rise. The results showed inert behavior of gases. Under scenario (c), 1 hour after the change in tendency gases still were flowing out to the atmosphere. Considering scenario (a), it was proved that even during a pressure drop gas emissions do not take place, which can be crucial for further determination of the gas hazard at the surface or for assessment of the rate of gas emissions from a particular gas emitter. Scenario (b) merely gave an overview of the process and was mainly used for validation purposes. It gave a maximal CO2 concentration of 2.18%vol (comparable to measurements) and a CO2 mass flow rate 0.15kg/s. Taking into account greenhouse gas emissions this amounted to 514 kg CO2/h.


Committee of Mining PAS




Artykuły / Articles


ISSN 0860-7001