A one-dimensional transient mathematical model describing thermal and flow phenomena during coal coking in an oven chamber was studied in the paper. It also accounts for heat conduction in the ceramic oven wall when assuming a constant temperature at the heating channel side. The model was solved numerically using partly implicit methods for gas flow and heat transfer problems. The histories of temperature, gas evolution and internal pressure were presented and analysed. The theoretical predictions of temperature change in the centre plane of the coke oven were compared with industrialscale measurements. Both, the experimental data and obtained numerical results show that moisture content determines the coking process dynamics, lagging the temperature increase above the water steam evaporation temperature and in consequence the total coking time. The phenomenon of internal pressure generation in the context of overlapping effects of simultaneously occurring coal transitions - devolatilisation and coal permeability decrease under plastic stage - was also discussed.
The paper analyses a possibility of utilising the information which is contained in DIPPR database for a calculation of the speed of sound, which is absent there. As an example, liquid hydrocarbons are considered: n-hexane, 1-hexene, cyclohexane, cyclohexene, benzene, and 1-hexanols, as well as representatives of n-alkanes with various hydrocarbon chain lengths. It is shown that the Brelvi-O’Connell correlation for the reduced bulk modulus, supplied with the correlations for the internal pressure at the normal boiling temperature, results in the values having accuracy comparable with other DIPPR data for the region below the boiling point bounded by the values of the reduced density around ρr ≈ 3.5. The source of errors originated from the Brelvi-O’Connell correlation for larger reduced densities is discussed.
The nonlinearity parameter B/A, internal pressure, and acoustic impedance are calculated for a room temperature ionic liquid, i.e. for 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium bis[(trifluoromethyl)sulfonyl]imide for temperatures from (288.15 to 318.15) K and pressures up to 100 MPa. The B/A calculations are made by means of a thermodynamic method. The decrease of B/A values with the increasing pressure is observed. At the same time B/A is temperature independent in the range studied. The results are compared with corresponding data for organic molecular liquids. The isotherms of internal pressure cross at pressure in the vicinity of 70 MPa, i.e. in this range the internal pressure is temperature independent.