Review of design and signal processing of polarimetric imaging cameras

Journal title

Opto-Electronics Review








Bieszczad, Grzegorz : Institute of Optoelectronics, Military University of Technology, 2 gen. S. Kaliskiego St., 00-908 Warsaw, Poland ; Gogler, Sławomir : Institute of Optoelectronics, Military University of Technology, 2 gen. S. Kaliskiego St., 00-908 Warsaw, Poland ; Świderski, Jacek : Institute of Optoelectronics, Military University of Technology, 2 gen. S. Kaliskiego St., 00-908 Warsaw, Poland



thermovision ; imaging polarimetry ; optical system ; optical architectures ; image processing

Divisions of PAS

Nauki Techniczne




Polish Academy of Sciences (under the auspices of the Committee on Electronics and Telecommunication) and Association of Polish Electrical Engineers in cooperation with Military University of Technology


  1. Tyo, S. J., Goldstein, D. L., Chenault, D. B. & Shaw, J. A. Review of passive imaging polarimetry for remote sensing applications. Appl. Opt. 45, 5453–5469 (2006).
  2. Kudenov, M. W., Pezzaniti, J. L. & Gerhart, G. R. Microbolo-meter-infrared imaging Stokes polarimeter. Opt. Eng. 48, 063201 (2009).
  3. Harchanko, J. S., Pezzaniti, L., Chenault, D. & Eades, G. Comparing a MWIR and LWIR polarimetric imager for surface swimmer detection. Proc. SPIE 6945, 69450X (2008).
  4. Kudenov, M. W., Dereniak, E. L., Pezzaniti, L. & Gerhart, G. R. 2-Cam LWIR imaging Stokes polarimeter. Proc. SPIE 6972, 69720K (2008).
  5. Rodenhuis, M., Canovas, H., Jeffers, S. V. & Keller, C. U. The Extreme Polarimeter (ExPo): design of a sensitive imaging polarimeter. Proc. SPIE 7014, 70146T (2008).
  6. van Holstein, R. et al. Combining angular differential imaging and accurate polarimetry with SPHERE/IRDIS to characterize young giant exoplanets. Proc. SPIE 10400, 1040015 (2017).
  7. Rotbøll, J., Søbjærg, S. & Skou, N. A novel L-Band polarimetric radiometer featuring subharmonic sampling. Radio Sci. 38, 1–7 (2003).
  8. Yueh, S. H. Modeling of wind direction signals in polarimetric sea surface brightness temperatures. IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 35, 1400–1418 (1997).
  9. Laymon, C. et al. MAPIR: An airborne polarimetric imaging radiometer in support of hydrologic satellite observations. in IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium 26–30 (2010).
  10. Coulson, K. L., Gray, E. L. & Bouricius, G. M. A study of the reflection and polarization characteristics of selected natural and artificial surfaces. Tech. Informat. Series Rep. R64SD74. (General Electric Co., Missile and Space Div., Space Sciences Lab., 1964)
  11. Lafrance, B. & Herman, M. Correction of the Stratospheric Aerosol Radiative Influence in the POLDER Measurements. IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing 36, 1599–1608 (1998).
  12. Hooper, B. A., Baxter, B., Piotrowski, C., Williams, J. Z. & Dugan, J. An airborne imaging multispectral polarimeter (AROSS-MSP). in Oceans 2009, 1-10 (2009).
  13. Giakos, G. C. et al. Near infrared light interaction with lung cancer cells. in 2011 IEEE International Instrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference 1–6 (2011).
  14. Sobczak, M., Kurzynowski, P., Woźniak, W., Owczarek, M. & Drobczyński, S. Polarimeter for measuring the properties of birefringent media in reflective mode. Opt. Express 28, 249–257 (2020).
  15. Sadjadi, F. Electro-Optical Systems for Image Recognition. LEOS 2001. 14th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (Cat. No.01CH37242) vol. 2 550–551 (2001).
  16. Bieszczad, G., Gogler, S. & Krupiński, M. Polarization state imaging in long-wave infrared for object detection. Proc. SPIE 8897, 88970R (2013).
  17. Gurton, K. P. & Felton, M. Remote detection of buried land-mines and IEDs using LWIR polarimetric imaging. Opt. Express 20, 22344–22359 (2012).
  18. Więcek, B. & De Mey, G. Termowizja w podczerwieni. Podstawy i zastosowania. (Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Pomiary Automatyka Kontrola, 2011). [in Polish]
  19. Rogalski, A. Infrared detectors. (Amsterdam: Gordon and Breach Science Publishers, 2000).
  20. Chenault, D., Foster, J., Pezzaniti, L., Harchanko, J. & Aycock, T. Polarimetric sensor systems for airborne ISR. Proc. SPIE 9076, 90760K (2014).
  21. Holtsberry, B. L. & Voelz, D. G. Material identification from remote sensing of polarized self-emission. Proc. SPIE 11132, 1113203 (2019).
  22. Madura, H., Pomiary termowizyjne w praktyce : praca zbiorowa. (Agenda Wydawnicza PAKu, 2004). [in Polish]
  23. Baas, M., Handbook of Optics. (New York: McGraw-Hill, 1995).
  24. Eriksson, J., Bergström, D. & Renhorn, I. Characterization and performance of an LWIR polarimetric imager. Proc. SPIE 10434, 1043407 (2017).
  25. Gogler, S., Bieszczad, G. & Swiderski, J. Method of signal processing in a time-division LWIR image polarimetric sensor. Appl. Opt. 59, 7268–7278 (2020).
  26. Cremer, F., de Jongm, W. & Schutte, K. Infrared polarization measurements and modeling applied to surface-laid antipersonnel landmines. Opt. Eng. 41, 1021–1032 (2002).
  27. Pezzaniti, L. J. & Chenault, D. B. A divison of aperture MWIR imaging polarimeter. Proc. SPIE 5888, 58880 (2005).
  28. Chun, C. S. L., Fleming, D. L., Harvey, W. A. & Torok, E. J. Target discrimination using a polarization sensitive thermal imaging sensor. Proc. SPIE 3062, 60–67 (1997).
  29. (2020).
  30. Stokes, R. J., Normand, E. L., Carrie, I. D., Foulger, B. & Lewis, C. Develepment of a QCL based IR polarimetric system for the stand-off detection and location of IEDs. Proc. SPIE 7486, 748609 (2009).
  31. Chenault D. B., Vaden, J. P., Mitchell, D. A. & Demicco, E. D. New IR polarimeter for improved detection of oil on water. SPIE Newsroom (2017).
  32. Tyo, S. J. & Turner, T. S. Variable-retardance, Fourier-transform imaging spectropolarimeters for visible spectrum remote sensing. Appl. Opt. 40, 1450–1458 (2001).
  33. Craven-Jones, J., Way, B. M., Hunt, J., Kudenov, M. W. & Mercier, J. A. Thermally stable imaging channeled spectropolari-metry. Proc. SPIE 8873, 88730J (2013).
  34. Smith, M. H., Woodruff, J. B. & Howe, J. D. Beam wander considerations in imaging polarimetry. Proc. SPIE 3754, 50–54 (1999).






DOI: 10.24425/opelre.2021.135824


Opto-Electronics Review; 2021; 29; 1; 5-12