Life Sciences and Agriculture

Journal of Water and Land Development

Content

Journal of Water and Land Development | 2021 | No 49 |

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Abstract

The article discusses the monitoring of horizontal displacements of the channel of Dniester, the second largest river in Ukraine, based on topographic maps, satellite images, as well as geological, soil and quaternary sediment maps. Data pro-cessing has been carried out using the geographic information system ArcGIS. The monitoring over a 140-year period (1874–2015) has been performed at the river’s transition from a mountainous to plain terrain on the 67 km section of the river. During this period, maximum displacements in the study area were 590–620 m. The research examines water protection zones needed for channel displacements. The article describes the monitoring methodology and analyses changes over a pe-riod of 18 years (2000–2018). The analysis includes the anthropogenic influence on the channel in the monitoring area. Results of the research may be useful for construction and cadastral works related to the channel in the area concerned, as well as for water management.
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Authors and Affiliations

Volodymyr Shevchuk
1
ORCID: ORCID
Khrystyna Burshtynska
1
ORCID: ORCID
Iryna Korolik
1
ORCID: ORCID
Maksym Halochkin
1
ORCID: ORCID

  1. Lviv Polytechnic National University, Institute of Geodesy, Department of Photogrammetry and Geoinformatics, Stepana Bandery St, 12, Lviv, Lviv Oblast, 79000, Ukraine
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Abstract

The natural environment is being drastically affected by climate change. Under these severe environmental conditions, the growth and productivity of agricultural crops have reduced. Due to unpredictable rainfall, crops growing in the field are often exposed to waterlogging. This leads to significant crop damage and production losses. In this review paper, the mor-phological and physiological adaptations such as development of aerenchyma, adventitious roots, radial root oxygen loss barrier, and changes in chlorophyll fluorescence parameters of crops under waterlogging are discussed. This will help to understand the effects of waterlogging on various crops and their adaptation that promotes crop growth and productivity. To meet the food requirements of a growing population, the development of waterlogging tolerant crops by screening and plant breeding methods is necessary for plant breeders. Better knowledge of physiological mechanisms in response to waterlogging will facilitate the development of techniques and methods to improve tolerance in crops.
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Authors and Affiliations

Shubhangani Sharma
1
ORCID: ORCID
Jyotshana Sharma
1
ORCID: ORCID
Vineet Soni
1
ORCID: ORCID
Hazem M. Kalaji
2
ORCID: ORCID
Nabil I. Elsheery
3
ORCID: ORCID

  1. Mohanlal Sukhadia University, Department of Botany, Udaipur, India
  2. Institute of Technology and Life Sciences, Falenty, al. Hrabska 3, 05-090 Raszyn, Poland
  3. Tanta University, Faculty of Agriculture, Agricultural Botany Department, Tanta, Egypt
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Abstract

The biodiversity of aqueous environments has been affected due to the disposal of wastewater highly contaminated with heavy metal ions, causing much damage to ecosystems. These pollutants are very toxic and bioaccumulate in living organisms. This work attempts to evaluate the adsorption of nickel ad cadmium ions using three biomasses from agricultur-al residues (corn cob – CC, orange peel – OP, and oil palm bagasse – PB) modified with alumina nanoparticles. The bio-masses were characterized via compositional analysis and a point of zero charges to quantify the presence of lignin, cellu-lose, hemicellulose, and the feasible pH, taking advantage of the biomass charge. After modification with Al2O3 nanoparti-cles. The resulting adsorbents were characterized via FT-IR analysis to identify the functional groups that most contributed to the adsorption performance. Furthermore, the influence of Al2O3 nanoparticles was analysed on the adsorption capacities of the evaluated biomasses using batch systems at a temperature of 25°C and pH 6. All biomasses displayed a high content of cellulose, estimating a weight percentage of about 19.9%, 14.3%, and 13.1% for PB, OP, and CC samples, respectively. The FT-IR spectrum confirmed hydroxyl and carboxyl functional groups, which contribute to enhancing the adsorption capacities of the modified biomasses. Functional adsorption capacity was observed for all biomasses after modification with Al2O3 nanoparticles, achieving at pH 6.0 a cadmium removal from 92% (CC-Al2O3 and PB-Al2O3) up to 95.8±0.3% (OP-Al2O3). In nickel ions, it was estimated a broader adsorption capacity at pH 6.0 of about 86±0.4% after using the CC-Al2O3 sample, 88±0.1% for the PB-Al2O3 adsorbent, and 98±0.2% for the OP-Al2O3 sample, confirming the suitability of these Al2O3-modified biomasses for the removal of heavy metal ions.
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Authors and Affiliations

Adriana Herrera-Barros
1
ORCID: ORCID
Candelaria Tejada-Tovar
1
ORCID: ORCID
Angel D. Gonzalez-Delgado
1
ORCID: ORCID

  1. University of Cartagena, Avenida del Consulado Calle 30 No. 48-152, Cartagena, Bolívar, Colombia
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Abstract

Groundwater is a vital resource for domestic, agricultural, industrial activities and ecosystem services. Despite its multi-ple purposes, the resource is under significant threat owing to increasing contamination from anthropogenic activities and climate change. Hence, in order to ensure the reliability and sustainable use of groundwater for the present and future gener-ations, effective management of groundwater (quality and quantity) is highly important. This can be achieved by identifying areas more vulnerable to contamination and implementing protective measures. The present study aims at assessing the vul-nerability of groundwater using GIS-based DRASTIC index in the Quaternary catchment (A21C) within Limpopo River Basin. The vulnerability index varied from 87 to 207. About 53.6% (408 km2) of the catchment area also exhibited high risk of groundwater contamination mostly in central, north-eastern and western part of the sub-catchment. The medium and low vulnerability classes cover only 18.1% (137.5 km2) and 21.7% (165.1 km2) of the study area, respectively. The shallow groundwater at the Doornfontein Campus belongs to very high vulnerability area. The sensitivity analysis indicates that depth to water level, recharge, aquifer media, soil and topography are the important contributors to vulnerability assessment. The correlation analysis performed to validate the final vulnerability map shows a moderate positive correlation, indicating the model’s applicability to the urbanised environment. The study indicates an area that is highly vulnerable to pollution, and hence protective measures are necessary for sustainable management of the groundwater resource in the study area. The result of this study can also be further improved and verified by using other vulnerability assessment models.
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Authors and Affiliations

Simeneh S. Moges
1
ORCID: ORCID
Megersa O. Dinka
1

  1. University of Johannesburg, Faculty of Engineering and the Built Environment, Department of Civil Engineering Sciences, PO Box 524, Auckland Park, 2006 Johannesburg, South Africa
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Abstract

The objectives of developing oil palm plantations should feasible economically and without causing massive erosion. This research proposes soil and water conservation strategies that are ideal and optimal for oil palm cultivation depending on land capability class. The conservation test for plants was performed according to land capability classes on a plot measuring 22 m × 4 m. Runoff and erosion rates were measured using Multislot Divisor Method. Nutrient leaching was analysed based on the content of C-organic (Ctot) (Walkley–Black method), total nitrogen (Ntot) (Kjeldahl method), P-available (Bray-1 method) and K2O (extraction with 1N NH4OAc at pH 7.0). From the results, land capability class III, cover crops (soybean) + manure (P3) treatment effectively reduced runoff and soil erosion (22.63 m3∙ha–1∙y–1 and 13.04 Mg∙ha–1∙y–1), as well as nutrient leaching, compared to other treatments. Furthermore, sediment trap + cover crop + manure (P3) controlled runoff, erosion and nutrient leaching on land capability class IV, producing the lowest runoff (129.40 m3∙ha–1∙y–1), soil erosion (11.39 Mg∙ha–1∙y–1), C-organic (1.3%), and P (1.95 mg kg–1). Soil conservation treatment significantly reduced erosion and runoff (p < 0.05) on land capability class VI. The bench terrace + cover plants + manure treatment-controlled runoff, erosion, and soil nutrient leaching.
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Authors and Affiliations

Halus Satriawan
1
ORCID: ORCID
Zahrul Fuady
1
ORCID: ORCID
Rini Fitri
2
ORCID: ORCID

  1. Almuslim University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Agrotechnology, Bireuen, Aceh, 24261, Indonesia
  2. University of Trisakti, Faculty of Landscape Architecture and Environmental Technology, Department of Landscape Architecture, Jakarta, Indonesia
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Abstract

The article deals with effect the use of organic (biohumus) and mineral (biochar) fertilizers based on the products of chicken vital activity on changing the fertility of technogenic sod-podzolic soils exposed to constant and unstable magnetic fields. The germination and growth dynamics of grasses and onions were investigated. The rational rate of introduction of the studied fertilizers into the technogenic soil is determined. Running (RMF) and direct (DMF) magnetic fields were applied in two ways: with fertilizers added and without fertilizers added. It has been established that the effect of preliminary magnetization of technogenic soil has a significant effect on lawn grass germination and the length of onion feathers, which are more than twice the height when exposed to the RMF, as compared with DMF. The effect of RMF on grass germination was also twice as high for DMF, when fertilizers were added. The DMF mag-netization and biohumus helps to increase the grass sprout height by 10–20%. Onion sprouts were higher in two cases: DMF and biohumus; RMF and biochar. The influence of the factor of fertilizer type has a significant effect in 30–40% of cases, whilst at a spread rate of more than 5%, significant chemical activity of biochar negatively affects the germination of both grass and onion.
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Authors and Affiliations

Maria Vasilyeva
1
ORCID: ORCID
Stanislav Kovshov
2
ORCID: ORCID
Johnny Zambrano
3
ORCID: ORCID
Maxim Zhemchuzhnikov
4
ORCID: ORCID

  1. Saint Petersburg Mining University, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Department of Transport and Technological Processes and Machines, 2, 21st Line, St Petersburg 199106, Russia
  2. Saint Petersburg Mining University, Department of Industrial Safety, St Petersburg, Russia
  3. Escuela Politecnica Nacional, Departamento de Petróleos, Quito, Ecuador
  4. JSC Roskar Poultry Farm, Pervomayskoe settlement, Leningrad region, Russia
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Abstract

Sedimentation tanks have a vital role in the overall efficiency of solid particles removal in treatment units. Therefore, an in-depth study these tanks is necessary to ensure high quality of water and increasing the system efficiency. In this work, an experimental rectangular sedimentation tank has been operated with and without a baffle to investigate the system behaviour and effectiveness for the reduction of solid particles. Turbid water was prepared using clay, which was collected from the water treatment plant of Al Maqal Port (Iraq), mixed with clear water in a plastic supply tank. Raw and outflow samples were tested against turbidity after plotting a calibration curve between inflow suspended solids versus their corresponding turbidity values. The key objective was to assess the impact of different flow rates, particle concentrations, heights and positions of the baffle on the system efficiency. Findings showed that the tank performance was enhanced significantly (p < 0.05) with the use of a baffle placed at a distance of 0.15 of tank length with height equal to 0.2 of tank depth. Higher removal efficiency (91%) was recorded at a lower flow rate (0.015 dm3∙s–1) and higher concentration (1250 mg∙dm–3), as the treatment efficiency enhanced by 34% compared with the operation without a baffle. Placing the baffle in the middle of the sedimentation tank produced the worst results. System efficiency for solids removal reduced with increasing baffle height. Further research is required to evaluate the efficiency of an inclined baffle.
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Authors and Affiliations

Dina A. Yaseen
1
ORCID: ORCID
Saad Abu-Alhail
1
ORCID: ORCID
Rusul N. Mohammed
2
ORCID: ORCID

  1. University of Basrah, College of Engineering, Department of Civil Engineering, P.O. Box 49, Basra city, 61004, Iraq
  2. University of Basrah, College of Engineering, Department of Chemical Engineering, Basra city, Iraq
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Abstract

This study looks at determining the main trends in the application of microwaves on plants in agricultural production in the processing of grain material, it provides examples of their effectiveness and an overview of the use of microwaves on plants available on the Russian market. Additionally, the research studied the experience and developments of leading scien-tists in the field of microwave radiation. Analysis of the available sources provided information on the positive effect of microwave radiation in the processing of crops. The use of microwaves on plants during drying destroys pathogens and bacteria, in particular, microwave processing of red lentils reduces grey mould damage by up to 30%. Positive results are also noted in the microwave processing of other crops, providing an increase in germination capacity of up to 7% and yield growth of up to 6%. The microwave plant market in Russia is represented mainly by dryers, and the use of microwaves on plants combining several functions of drying, disinfection, and pre-sowing stimulation.
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Authors and Affiliations

Fedor A. Kipriyanov
1
ORCID: ORCID
Petr A. Savinykh
2
ORCID: ORCID
Alexey Yu. Isupov
2
Yulia A. Plotnikova
1
Natalia A. Medvedeva
1
Svetlana V. Belozerova
1

  1. Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Professional Education Vologda State Dairy Farming Academy, st. Schmidt, 2, 160555, Molochnoe, Vologda, Russia
  2. Federal Agricultural Research Center of the North-East, Kirov, Russian Federation
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Abstract

The analysis of ecological hazards on soil pollution by oil products has been provided in the impact zone of the railway. The results of oil product migration in soils in the area of influence on section Lviv–Khodoriv are given. To study this problem, a method was used to take soil samples according to the standard DSTU ISO 10381-4: 2005. To determine the content of petroleum products used the method MVV No. 081/12-0116-03 Pochvy. Based on the results of the study it was found that contamination with petroleum products in the study area exceeds the norm in the area of influence of the railway at a distance of 5 to –50 m on average 3.5 times. It is proposed to make management decisions to prevent violations of the sanitary protection zone of the railway and the placement of agricultural plots on it. For rehabilitation of contaminated soils, it is advisable to use a natural sorbent – glauconite, which is widespread in the bowels of Ukraine. The adsorption capacity of glauconite relative to diesel fuel has been experimentally established. According to our experiments it is proved the high efficiency of the proposed sorbent, which is 90%. Therefore, in the future it is necessary to periodically monitor the condition of the soil in the area to prevent pollution. This study proves that this practice is necessary.
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Authors and Affiliations

Oksana Chayka
1
ORCID: ORCID
Igor Petrushka
1
ORCID: ORCID
Maria Ruda
1
ORCID: ORCID
Nadiya Paranyak
1
ORCID: ORCID
Olena Matskiv
1
ORCID: ORCID

  1. Lviv National Polytechnic University, Faculty of Ecological Safety and Environmental Protection, Stepana Bandery St, 12, Lviv, Lviv Oblast, 79000, Ukraine
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Abstract

Plastic mulch provides a range of benefits including helping modulate soil temperature, reduce soil erosion, evaporation, fertilizer leaching and weed problems and increasing the quality and yields of the product. But when the crops are harvested, plastic mulch needs to be removed from the ground for disposal. Otherwise, these wastes are mixed with the soil and have a negative impact on yields by reducing the access of nutrients and moisture in the soil. The purpose of the current study is, therefore, to propose a roller for plastic mulch retriever which is applicable when the crops are harvested, and the plastic mulch needs to be removed from the ground for disposal. The winding mechanism of the plastic mulch retriever performs the main function and must have the high-quality performance of the winding operation in the removal technology. Research based on requirements of tensile strength test method and changes of strength characteristics of plastic mulch from various factors under natural conditions. The coefficient of compaction of the used plastic mulch (Krel), was the ratio of the diameter of the standard plastic mulch which was wound in the factory to the diameter of the used plastic mulch during the winding.
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Authors and Affiliations

Kanat M. Khazimov
1
ORCID: ORCID
Adilkhan K. Niyazbayev
1
ORCID: ORCID
Zhanbota S. Shekerbekova
2
ORCID: ORCID
Aigul A. Urymbayeva
2
ORCID: ORCID
Gulzhanat A. Mukanova
2
ORCID: ORCID
Tursunkul A. Bazarbayeva
2
ORCID: ORCID
Vladimir F. Nekrashevich
3
ORCID: ORCID
Marat Zh. Khazimov
1 2 4
ORCID: ORCID

  1. Kazakh National Agrarian University, Faculty of IT – Technology, Automation and Mechanization of Agro-Industrial Complex, Valikhanov St 137, Almaty 050000, Kazakhstan
  2. Al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Faculty of Geography and Environmental Sciences, Almaty, Kazakhstan
  3. Ryazan State Agrotechnological University, Ryazan, Russia
  4. Almaty University of Power Engineering and Telecommunications, Faculty of Heat Power Engineering and Heating Engineering, Almaty, Kazakhstan
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Abstract

The paper presents the review of scientific publications of world literature on the use of the larvae of black soldier fly ( Hermetia illucens) when feeding poultry. Nowadays, the issue of replacing traditional sources of protein when feeding poultry is very urgent, especially in connection with the global food crisis. Insects are the natural food of most birds; thus, the use of fly larvae for feed production has a biological basis. The research results presented in published works show that there are no negative effects on bird health and meat quality when feeding poultry, quail and other birds. In some cases, the experimental groups of birds gained weight slightly more slowly than the control group. Other reports indicate that birds grew at the same rate as normal birds. The quantity and quality of eggs did not differ significantly, but dietary changes affected the colour of yolks and eggshell. The effect of the addition of live larvae to the diet of young turkeys on the weight characteristics of was studied. Replacing 10% of the daily amount of feed with live Hermetia illucens larvae in the diet of turkeys showed that the daily feed intake and body weight gain of the experimental birds were significantly higher compared to the control groups, which led to a significantly higher body weight of chicks at the age of five weeks (2.19 kg vs. 2.015 kg, respectively) and a significantly lower feed conversion rate. Most researchers agree that replacing protein in poultry feed with insect flour should be partial, in the 15–30% range. Feeding with larvae that have undergone processing – grinding, chitin removing, heat treatment – is more preferable than using whole larvae, since the chitinous membrane makes larvae difficult to be digested in the digestive tract of birds.
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Authors and Affiliations

Svetlana V. Sverguzova
1
ORCID: ORCID
Ildar H. Shaikhiev
2
ORCID: ORCID
Zhanna A. Sapronova
1
ORCID: ORCID
Ekaterina V. Fomina
1
ORCID: ORCID
Yulia L. Makridinа
1
ORCID: ORCID

  1. Belgorod State Technological University named after V.G. Shoukhov, Department of Industrial Ecology, Kostyukov str., 46, Belgorod, 308012, Russia
  2. Kazan National Research Technological University, Department of Engineering Ecology, Karl Marx st., 68, Kazan, 420015, Russia
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Abstract

The research analyzed seasonal changes of the oxygen regime and related indicators on the example of water objects of the Ukrainian Polesie Region. The region shows different directions of economic use. Zebrafish ( Danio rerio Hamilton–Buchanan) and the Prussian carp ( Carassius auratus gibelio Bloch) were used as test objects to investigate survival responses. Dissolved oxygen (DO) concentration in water, pH values and temperatures were determined by standard methods. Based on research results, the main problems were determined pertaining to the oxygen regime of investigated waters, i.e. the increase in temperature and toxicity of the aquatic environment in the summer. A rather dangerous decrease in DO concentration, almost up to the levels of maximum allowable concentration (MAC) (4.10 mg∙dm–3 in group E1 and 6.07 mg∙dm–3 in group E2), was observed in August and it was typical for the reservoirs with a slow water movement. Flowing river waters (group E3) were eliminated due to their better aeration compared to other groups. The correlation analysis based on the presented data revealed a high and average degree of probable correlation between the DO concentration and water temperature, as well as an average degree of correlation with general toxicity determined on sensitive species of D. rerio, and in group E1 on the persistent species C. auratus gibelio as well. The interrelations and equations of the rectilinear regression can be used to predict the oxygen regime of the waters investigated and other surface waters having similar problems.
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Authors and Affiliations

Ella O. Aristarkhova
1
ORCID: ORCID
Tetiana P. Fedoniuk
2
ORCID: ORCID
Ludmila D. Romanchuk
1
ORCID: ORCID
Sergii V. Latushynskyi
1
ORCID: ORCID
Iryna V. Kot
1
ORCID: ORCID

  1. Polissia National University, Faculty of Forestry and Ecology, Zhytomyr, Ukraine
  2. Polissia National University, Educational and Scientific Center of Ecology and Environmental Protection, Staryi Blvd, 7, Zhytomyr, Zhytomyrs'ka oblast, 10008 Ukraine
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Abstract

Developments in agriculture, industry, and urban life have caused the deterioration of water resources, such as rivers and reservoirs in terms of their quality and quantity. This includes the Saguling Reservoir located in the Citarum Basin, Indonesia. A review of previous studies reveals that the water quality index ( WQI) is efficient for the identification of pollution sources, as well as for the understanding of temporal and spatial variations in reservoir water quality. The NSFWQI (The National Sanitation Foundation water quality index) is one of WQI calculation methods. The NSFWQI is commonly used as an indi-cator of surface water quality. It is based on nitrate, phosphate, turbidity, temperature, faecal coliform, pH, DO, TDS, and BOD. The average NSFWQI has been 48.42 during a dry year, 43.97 during a normal year, and 45.82 during a wet year. The WQI helped to classify water quality in the Saguling Reservoir as “bad”. This study reveals that the strongest and most significant correlation between the parameter concentration and the WQI is the turbidity concentration, for which the coeffi-cient correlation is 0.821 in a dry year, and faecal coli, for which the coefficient correlation is 0.729 in a dry year. Both parameters can be used to calculate the WQI. The research also included a nitrate concentration distribution analysis around the Saguling Reservoir using the Inverse Distance Weighted method.
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Authors and Affiliations

Mariana Marselina
1
ORCID: ORCID
Anwar Sabar
1
Nurul Fahimah
1

  1. Bandung Institute of Technology, Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Jl. Ganesha No 10, Bandung, Indonesia
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Abstract

The study has been carried out at two experimental sites. It aims to assess the impact of the reuse of raw wastewater, purified and diluted with conventional water on the physicochemical quality of soils compared to irrigated soils with con-ventional drilled water and non-irrigated soil. The obtained results show that the electrical conductivity EC and sodium gradually increase in all the plots irrigated with wastewater. Additionally, a slight increase in the pH levels at the first site and a slight decrease in the second site was seen, but at both sites the soils remained alkaline. The infiltration rate of water slide decreases in relation to the amount of irrigation, especially in plots irrigated by raw and treated wastewater. For the same plots, the values of organic matter increased, and the values obtained for the exchangeable sodium percentage (ESP) became high in the third year and reached 17.0% and 16.7% respectively.
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Authors and Affiliations

Smail Njimat
1
Fouad Elfettahi
2
Hajar Griou
1
Mohammed Y. El Brouzi
3
Mohammed Aboulouafa
1
Said Ibn Ahmed
1

  1. Laboratory of Materials, Electrochemistry and Environment, University Ibn Tofail, Faculty of Sciences, Department of Chemistry, 14200, Kenitra, Morocco
  2. Agricultural Technical Institute, Ain Taoujdate, El Hajeb, Morocco
  3. Laboratory of Genetics, Neuroendocrinobiology and Biotechnology. Faculty of Sciences, Department of Biology
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Abstract

In many regions of the world, including Egypt, water shortages threaten food production. An irrigation deficient strategy in dry areas has been widely investigated as a valuable and sustainable approach to production. In this study, the dry matter and grain yield of wheat was decreased by reducing the amount of irrigation water as well as the volume of the root system. As a result of this, there was an increase the soil moisture stress. This negatively affected the absorption of water and nutrients in the root zone of wheat plants, which ultimately had an effect on the dry matter and grain yield of wheat. The values of dry matter and grain yield of wheat increased with the ʻSakha 94ʼ variety compared to the ʻSakha 93ʼ class. It is possible that this was due to the increase in the genetic characteristic of the root size with the ʻSakha 94ʼ variety compared to the ʻSakha 93ʼ class, as this increase led to the absorption of water and nutrients from a larger volume of root spread. Despite being able to increase the water productivity of wheat by decreasing the amount of added irrigation water, the two highest grain yield values were achieved when adding 100% and 80% of irrigation requirements ( IR) needed to irrigate the wheat and no signif-icant differences between the yield values at 100% and 80% of IR were found. Therefore, in accordance with this study, the recommended irrigation for wheat is at 80% IR which will provide 20% IR. When comparing the water productivity of two wheat varieties in study, it becomes clear that ʻSakha 94ʼ was superior to ʻSakha 93ʼ when adding the same amount of irrigation water, and this resulted in increased wheat productivity for ʻSakha 94ʼ. The SALTMED results confirmed good accuracy (R2: 0.92 to 0.98) in simulating soil moisture, roots volume, water application efficiency, dry matter, and grain yield for two varieties of wheat under deficit irrigation conditions. Whilst using sprinkler irrigation system under sandy soils in Egypt.
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Authors and Affiliations

Ramadan E. Abdelraouf
1
Mohamed A. El-Shawadfy
1
Osama M. Dewedar
1
Mahmoud Hozayn
2

  1. National Research Center, Department of Field Irrigation and Water Relations, 33 EL Bohouth St., Dokki, Giza, 12622, Egypt
  2. National Research Center, Field Crops Research Department, Giza, Egypt
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Abstract

FAO AquaCrop model ver. 6.1 was calibrated and validated by means of an independent data sets during the harvesting seasons of 2016/2017 and 2017/2018, at El Noubaria site in western north of Egypt. To assess the impact of the increase in temperature and CO2 concentration on potato biomass and tuber yield simulations, experiments were carried out with four downscaled and bias-corrected of General Circulation Models (GCMs) data sets based on the fifth phase of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP5) scenarios under demonstrative Concentration Trails (RCPs) 4.5 and 8.5, selected for 2021–2040 and 2041–2060. The study showed that the model could satisfactorily simulate potato canopy cover, biomass, harvest and soil water content under various irrigation treatments. The biomass and yield decreased for all GCMs in both future series 2030s and 2050s. Biomass reduction varied between 5.60 and 9.95%, while the reduction of the simulated yield varied between 3.53 and 7.96% for 2030. The lowest values of biomass and yield were achieved by HadGEM2-ES under RCP 8.5 with 27.213 and 20.409 Mg∙ha–1, respectively corresponding to –9.95 and –7.96% reduction. The lowest reductions were 5.60 and 3.53% for biomass and yield, respectively, obtained with MIROC5 under RCP 8.5 for 2030. Reductions in biomass and yield in 2050 were higher than in 2030. The results are showing that higher temperatures shortened the growing period based on calculated growing degree days (GDD). Therefore, it is very important to study changing sowing dates to alleviate the impact of climate change by using field trials, simulation and deep learning models.
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Authors and Affiliations

Osama Dewedar
1 2
ORCID: ORCID
Finn Plauborg
2
ORCID: ORCID
Ahmed El-Shafie
1
ORCID: ORCID
Abdelbaset Marwa
1
ORCID: ORCID

  1. Water Relations and Field Irrigation Department, Agricultural and Biological Research Division, National Research Centre, 33 El Buhouth St. Dokki, P.O. Box 12622, Cairo, Egypt
  2. Aarhus University, Department of Agroecology, Tjele, Denmark
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Abstract

This study presents the results of research on the effect of long-term use of phosphorus fertilizers on permanent sugar beet crops for more than 50 years and on the transformation of phosphate forms on light chestnut soil and its yield. Our work aims to establish the main factors of quantitative and qualitative changes in various phosphates in light chestnut soil. Despite the large amount of practical material, the influence duration of phosphorus fertilizer application has not been sufficiently studied on the irrigated soils of Kazakhstan. It should be noted that the current study was carried out in long-term stationary experimental sites for the production of sugar beet with permanent sowing. The introduction of phosphate fertilizers primarily on the permanent crops of sugar beets in the same norms contributes to a more significant increase in gross phosphorus reserves. The soil content of gross phosphorus for 58 years on the control and nitrogen-potassium variants show practically no changes. Furthermore, when phosphorus fertilizers are applied on the variant with the annual application of a single norm of phosphorus and its amount for 58 years (4400 kg∙ha–1 of application doses) its content increased by 2660 mg∙kg–1, and with the introduction of its one and a half norms (6600 kg of application doses) by 2860 mg∙kg–1 of soil.
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Authors and Affiliations

Balnur Alimbekova
1
ORCID: ORCID
Rakhimzhan Yeleshev
1 2
ORCID: ORCID
Zhenisgul Bakenova
ORCID: ORCID
Aigerim Shibikeyeva
ORCID: ORCID
Marzhan Balkozha
ORCID: ORCID

  1. Kazakh National Agrarian University, Faculty of Agronomy, Abay avenue 8, Almaty 050010, Kazakhstan
  2. National Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Almaty, Kazakhstan
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Abstract

The article reviews selected systems and technological variants of biogas production. Biogas installations and methods of biogas production were characterized in terms of control and measurement. The required technical and technological criteria for biogas production and treatment were indicated. The conditions of biorefining in the context of the generation of new products were analysed. Based on the amount of manure produced in pig production, the potential of biogas production in Poland was indicated based on the visualization of the biogas production potential by poviats in Poland. The substrate in the form of slurry, manure and other agricultural waste for the production of agricultural biogas in Poland was analysed quantitatively. The economic aspects in the agricultural biogas plant sector were revealed, indicating the operation of the economies of scale for this industry sector.
An example of a pilot biogas production for anaerobic digestion using pig slurry is presented. The paper presents pre-liminary results of experimental studies on the course of changes in the biogas volume flow for the average daily production of agricultural biogas and the qualitative composition of agricultural biogas produced from pig slurry. The results of the measurements show a clear influence of the hydrodynamic mixing system of the substrate for the evaluation of the biogas flow through the adhesive bed in the context of agricultural biogas production in the range (1–14) m3 d–1.
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Authors and Affiliations

Grzegorz Wałowski
1

  1. Institute of Technology and Life Sciences, Falenty, Department of Renewable Energy, Poznań Branch, ul. Biskupińska 67, 60-463 Poznań, Poland
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Abstract

The study involved experimental work implemented from April 2014 until March 2017. Its purpose was to observe grape production quality parameters, such as yield, water productivity, berry size and bio-mass. Different irrigation methods, such as drip irrigation (DI), drip irrigation with plastic mulching (DIPM), drip irrigation with organic mulching (DIOM), subsur-face irrigation with stone column (SISC), subsurface irrigation with mud pot (SIMP), and subsurface irrigation with plastic bottles (SIPB) have been used during the experimental work. The crop has been irrigated following the CROPWAT-8.0 model developed by the FAO. Climate parameters are obtained from the automatic weather station located near the experi-mental field. Based on experimental results and analyses, it has been observed that the drip irrigation with the plastic mulching method is the best for irrigation in terms of the grape yield comparing with all other methods due to its highest productivity of 35–40%. Subsurface irrigation with the plastic bottle method is found to be suitable as it gives 20% higher yield than the traditional drip irrigation method. The SIPB method shows the cost-benefit ratio of 112.3, whereas the DIPM method had the ratio of 36.6. Based on the cost-benefit analysis, it is concluded that the SIPB method is economically more viable as compared with all other methods. Hence, based on the findings, it is recommended to use drip irrigation with a plastic mulch-ing and drip irrigation with a plastic bottle as the best options to achieve grape productivity while using minimum water.
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Authors and Affiliations

Sharad J. Kadbhane
1
ORCID: ORCID
Vivek L. Manekar
2
ORCID: ORCID

  1. Savitribai Phule Pune University, NDMVPS KBT College of Engineering, Nashik, Udoji Maratha Boarding Campus, 422013, Nashik, India
  2. Sardar Vallabhbhai National Institute of Technology, Surat, Gujarat, India
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Abstract

The objective of this paper is to study the hydrochemical characteristics of Lake Dayet Erroumi (Khemisset, Morocco). Three sampling campaigns were carried out in April, July and November 2019. The temperature, pH and electrical conduct-ivity were measured in situ using Hanna Instruments HI 98280. Concentrations of calcium, magnesium, carbonate, bicar-bonate and chloride were analysed by the volumetric method. The atomic absorption technique was used to determine sodium, potassium, nitrate and sulphate. The physico-chemical analysis of the water indicates that the pH is basic. The nitrate and sulphate concentrations show that the water is of good quality according to Moroccan surface water guidelines. Furthermore, the hydrochemical facies of water is of the sodium-chloride type according to the Piper diagram. The value of the electrical conductivity indicates that the lake water has high salinity. The high mineralization of water is explained by the leaching from evaporitic rocks in the region. The principal component analysis shows that the spatial and temporal variation in salinity constitutes the major phenomenon of the hydrochemical characteristics of this lake. Salinity varies inversely with the pH value. The salinity of the water is controlled by abiotic factors (rain and evaporation). However, other parameters (pH, nitrate, carbonate and bicarbonate) depend on biotic factors. Evaporation plays a crucial role in the seasonal variation of the water chemical composition. During wet seasons, the mineralization of water decreases due to dilution by rainwater and the water level of the lake rises (high water period). During dry seasons, lake water evaporates and consequently the mineralization of the water increases, which explains the increase in salinity during the low water period.
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Authors and Affiliations

Mohamed El Qryefy
1
Jamila Ouardi
2
Mohamed Najy
1
Driss Belghyti
1
Khadija El Kharrim
1

  1. University Ibn Tofail, Faculty of Sciences, Laboratory of Natural Resources and Sustainable Development, Campus Universitaire B.P. 242, 14000 Kenitra, Morocco
  2. Regional Centre for Careers of Education and Training, CRMEF Casablanca-Settat, Morocco
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Abstract

The purpose of this research was to determine: 1) phosphate bacteria (PB) mechanisms responsible for enhancing the soil’s soluble phosphorus (P), using the processes of inorganic P solubilisation, organic P mineralization, and blocking of soil colloidal adsorption site, and 2) to investigate the factors contributing to this increase. Phosphate bacteria (PB) was inoculated into sterile Andisols in three separate compositions, termed 1 kg P∙kg–1 (2.82 g phosphate rock, 0.5 g Ca3(PO4)2, 0.4 g Al3(PO4)2, or 0.4 g Fe3(PO4)2), organic P (0.5 cm3 para-Nitrophenylphosphate (pNPP) or 0.5 g Na-phytate), and 1 kg P (KH2PO4)∙kg–1, in order to analyse inorganic P solubilisation, organic P mineraliza-tion, and evaluate blocking soil colloidal site for adsorption P, respectively. Furthermore, spectrophotometry technique was applied to determine the amount of dissolved P. The PB showed an improvement in inorganic P solubilisation from 147.66 to 194.61 mg P∙kg–1, and also in organic P from 63.6 to 91.7 mg P∙kg–1, compared to control, (31.06 mg P∙kg–1) and (23.7 mg P∙kg–1), respectively. Meanwhile, the micro-organisms were known to decrease P adsorption by 13.43%, beyond the restraint set at 85.34%. Therefore, increased soluble P in Andisols is possibly expressed, using the equation as follows: soluble P (mg P∙kg–1) = 1201.96 + 1.18 inorganic P solubilisation (mg P∙kg–1) + 1.09 organic P mineralization (mg P∙kg–1) – 0.92 adsorption P (mg P∙kg–1) (R2 = 0.99).
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Authors and Affiliations

Tamad
1
Azwar Maas
2
Eko Hanudin
2
Jaka Widada
2

  1. Jenderal Soedirman University, Faculty of Agriculture, Agrotechnology Department, dr. Soeparno Street Purwokerto 53123, Central of Java, Indonesia
  2. Gadjah Mada University, Faculty of Agriculture, Soil Science Department, Flora Street Bulaksumur 55281, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
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Abstract

Evaluating the capacity to meet the need of water is crucial in order to fulfil expectations of managers, particularly in the Mediterranean area. The region is risk in terms of resources available as well as a steadily increasing in demand for water. The frontier drain of the city of Souk Ahras is located at the extreme Northeast of Algeria, on the Algerian-Tunisian borders, the study region includes eight city, which are Taoura, Drea, Zaârouria, Merahna, Ouillen, SidiFredj, Heddada and Khedara, these are relatively poor in surface water, but groundwater has always been the main water resource. The region’s population is around 93,000 inhabitants, 45% of them living in rural areas. Annual average precipitation is approximately 470 mm∙y–1, but it is distributed unequally in space and time. The average supply water varies from one zone to another and the coverage of demand by groundwater in the region remains low and does not meet all needs. Faced with the regions socioeconomic growth and development, this situation is expected to worsen in the future.
In this context, the WEAP (Water Evaluation And Planning system) model was applied to simulate the water balance and assess strategies for the sustainable management of water resources and makes it possible to explore different scenarios, in order to choose the desired scenario to ensure the sustainable development of the sub-basin of the border until 2050. The availability of drinking water permanently in rural areas is a factor in the stability of a population and a means of combating the rural migration and the congestion of urban centres.
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Authors and Affiliations

Farid Rouaibia
1
Lamine Sayad
2
Badra Attoui
3

  1. Higher School of Teachers of Constantine Assia Djabar; InfraRes Laboratory, Souk Ahras Department of History and Geography, Constantine, Algeria
  2. University of Badji Mokhtar, Faculty of Earth Sciences, Department of Geology, Annaba, Algeria
  3. University of Badji Mokhtar, Faculty of Earth Sciences, Geological Research Laboratory (LRG), BP 12, 23000 Annaba, Algeria
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Abstract

Resettlement programmes in riverbank areas remain an alternative solution to overcoming the problems of urban flood-ing, the addressing of which can also lead to reducing slums. Such programmes have many weaknesses, but even so, several countries continue to implement them. This paper will elaborate: 1) an understanding that reductions in flood risk and en-hancements to environmental quality along riverbanks can be realised, without the need for resettlement, as a result of co- operation between local communities, governments and businesses; 2) the socio-economic benefits of improving the riverbank environment in Tridi Kampong, Malang City, Indonesia. This study employed qualitative and quantitative methods. The results of quantitative analysis and of interviews and direct observation indicate that collective action by the community has the greatest influence on the construction of that community’s commitment to improving the environment. Environmental improvements have resulted in significant socio-economic benefits by making the kampong a domestic and international tourism destination and drawing increased numbers of visitors to the region.
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Authors and Affiliations

Ida A.M. Wahyuni
1
ORCID: ORCID
I M. Weni
1
ORCID: ORCID
Tommy Hariyanto
1
ORCID: ORCID
Laksni Sedyowati
1
ORCID: ORCID

  1. University of Merdeka Malang, Postgraduate Program, Jl. Terusan Raya Dieng No. 62-64, 65146, Malang, Indonesia
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Abstract

Any type of material that increases soil yield, both qualitatively and quantitatively, to strengthen the soil and increase its fertility is called fertilizer. The current study examines the production of a new effective fertilizer. Results presented involve effects of new bioorganic-mineral compositions obtained from the combination of vermicompost and sulphur-containing waste from sulphuric acid production on the yield and quality of tubers (beets, carrots). An increase in the yield of tubers has been found to be 1.13–1.25 times when the bioorganic-mineral composition (~20 Mg∙ha–1) is introduced into the sierozem (serozem) soil. The best results are obtained with mass ratios in the range 30–45 and 55–70 for vermicompost and sulphur-perlite-containing waste, respectively. The effectiveness of the mixture of vermicompost and sulphur-containing waste is explained by the increased synergistic interaction of these components. The proposed composition has high structure-form-ing, water-retaining, nutritional and biologically active properties.
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Authors and Affiliations

Moldir O. Baikhamurova
1 2
Gaukhar A. Sainova
2
Amankul D. Akbasova
2
Gulshat D. Anarbekova
1
Mehmet A. Ozler
3

  1. Kazakh National Agrarian University, Faculty of Agrobiology, Abay avenue 8, Almaty 050010, Kazakhstan
  2. Khoja Akhmet Yassawi International Kazakh-Turkish University, Ecology Research Institute, B. Sattarhanov avenue 29, Turkistan 161200, Kazakhstan
  3. Muğla Sıtkı Koçman University, Faculty of Science, Turkey
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Abstract

The growing demand for fresh water and its scarcity are the major problems encountered in semi-arid cities. Two different techniques have been used to assess the main determinants of domestic water in the Sedrata City, North-East Algeria: prin-cipal component analysis (PCA) and artificial neural networks (ANNs). To create the ANNs models based on the PCA, twelve explanatory variables are initially investigated, of which nine are socio-economic parameters and three physical char-acteristics of building units. Two optimum ANNs models have been selected where correlation coefficients equal to 0.99 in training, testing and validation phases. In addition, results demonstrate that the combination of socio-economic parameters with physical characteristics of building units enhances the assessment of household water consumption.
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Authors and Affiliations

Menal Zeroual
1
Azzedine Hani
1
Amir Boustila
2

  1. University of Badji Mokhtar, Faculty of Earth Sciences, Laboratory of water resource and sustainable development, BP 12 / 23000 Annaba, Algeria
  2. University of Badji Mokhtar, Faculty of Earth Sciences, Laboratory of natural resource and development, Annaba, Algeria
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Abstract

A wide variety of soil and climatic conditions requires extensive study of the characteristics of the use of fertilizers and chemical plant protection products, which sometimes negatively affects the environment. Therefore, there is a need not only to know the ways and amount of application of fertilizers and chemical protectors but also to have a clear idea of the processes occurring in the soil, plants, ecology of the production environment and the rural population. This knowledge will allow us to carefully approach the practical issues of chemicalizing the crop industry and prevent possible negative consequences. To study the integrated interdisciplinary object of management accounting related to the assessment of the reproduction of agri-cultural land fertility, the functions and complex interaction of IT management, and analysis of specific situations of the impact of costs on fertilizers and chemical plant protection products on the gross crop production in the Kuban economic entities were applied. The study found that modern science has formulated the main theoretical aspects of the economic and environmental efficiency of the use of mineral fertilizers and chemical plant protection products in agriculture. Noting the significant achievements of scientists and practitioners in this field of agricultural development, we believe that the use of digital technologies for assessing the quality of soil fertility, methods and methods of using chemical agents can qualitatively improve information on the costs of their use, and determine the most rational and environmentally friendly areas. The studied experience in the application of methods indicates a fairly high accuracy in assessing the quality of soil fertility. Moreover, the results make it possible to change the associated types of managerial work, such as the planning of the procurement of fertilizers and plant protection products, precisely determine their types, and coordinate the place and time of their use.
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Authors and Affiliations

Zhanna V. Degaltseva
1
ORCID: ORCID
Victor V. Govdya
1
ORCID: ORCID
Konstantin A. Velichko
1
ORCID: ORCID

  1. Kuban State Agrarian University after I. T. Trubilin, Department of Accounting Krasnodar, st. Kalinina, 13, 350044, Russia
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Abstract

Groundwater hydrochemistry of Algerian Sahara (Southwest, Algeria) was used to assess groundwater quality to de-termine its suitability for drinking and agricultural purposes. A total of 26 groundwater samples were analysed for 14 para-meters. Standards laboratory methods were used to determine physicochemical groundwater properties. This study shows that these pH, electric conductivity, total hardness, bicarbonate, and phosphate were within WHO limits. The concentration of magnesium ranging from 30.49 to 120 mg∙dm–3 with an average value of 67.21 mg∙dm–3. 38.56% of the water points analysed have a concentration lower than the value set by the WHO at 75.00 mg∙dm–3. It also showed that 70% of the points studied have potassium concentrations that exceed World Health Organization standards. Groundwater of Algerian Sahara is low in nitrogen (NO3–) and the higher concentration may result in various health risks. The result for this study showed that the water was to be found suitable for drinking purposes except for few samples. Piper diagram indicates that groundwater in Adrar belongs to chlorinated-sulphated, sodium and magnesium facies. The groundwater samples of Adrar present high salinity and low alkalinity fall into the field of C3S1 and C3S2. Based on the RSC values, all samples had values less than 1.25 and were good for irrigation.
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Authors and Affiliations

Ali Bendida
1 2
ORCID: ORCID
Mohammed Amin Kendouci
1
ORCID: ORCID
Abdellatif El-Bari Tidjani
2
ORCID: ORCID

  1. Universiy Tahri Mohammed Bechar, Faculty of Technology, BP 417, 08000 Bechar, Algeria
  2. University of Science and Technology Oran, Laboratory of Management and Water Treatment (LGTE)
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Abstract

A pontoon bridge, also known as a floating bridge, can be used as for pedestrian and vehicle traffic. The buoyancy of the floating bridge limits the maximum load it can carry. This research included experimental runs to study variations of open channel flow characteristics upstream and downstream a floating bridge. Eighty one runs have been carried out using a flume in a hydraulic laboratory. The experimental run program is classified into two main categories; the first investigates the velocity ratios (vds/vus) downstream and upstream the floating bridge. The second category is concerned with the energy head losses (hL) due to the presence of a floating bridge. The experimental runs are carried out using three pontoon lengths, three flow depths, six submerged depths, and three discharges. The results are analysed and graphically presented to help predict hydraulic parameters. The outcomes have shown that the floating bridge upstream, Froude number and submergence of the pontoon are the dominant parameters that affect the studied flow characteristics.
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Authors and Affiliations

Mohamed M. Ibrahim
1
ORCID: ORCID
Mahmoud A.R. Eltoukhy
1
ORCID: ORCID
Adnan D. Ghanim
2
ORCID: ORCID

  1. Benha University, Shoubra Faculty of Engineering, PO Box 11629, Shoubra, Egypt
  2. Advisor to the President of the Iraqi Council of Representatives, Iraq
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Abstract

The study has investigated the technical characteristics of a number of sorption materials (natural mineral) and the pos-sibility of their use for the purification of surface and wastewater from oil and oil products. At the first step, regularities of the process of purification of oily waters have been established taking into account the processes of filtration and sorption. After that, the sorption capacity of the sorbents has been estimated, and the factors influencing it analysed. As a final step, the optimal conditions for the sorption process have been selected depending on the conditions and nature of purification. Results indicated that the maximum purification degree has been reached at the concentration of 500 mg∙dm–3 and temper-ature of 20°С.
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Authors and Affiliations

Saltanat T. Tleuova
1
ORCID: ORCID
Banu A. Userbayeva
2
ORCID: ORCID
Alibek S. Tleuov
1
ORCID: ORCID
Marina M. Yeskendirova
1
ORCID: ORCID
Raissa R. Yakubova
1
ORCID: ORCID
Kulyash Z. Kerimbayeva
2

  1. M. Auezov South Kazakhstan State University, Department of Chemical Technology of Inorganic Substances, Tauke khan aven, 5, Shymkent, 160012, Kazakhstan
  2. South Kazakhstan State Pedagogical University, Department of Chemistry, Shymkent, Kazakhstan
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Abstract

A flood occurs for many reasons, such as excessive rainfall, runoff coefficient, or an insufficient river channel capacity. The discharge flowing through the floodway depends on the maximum main river dimension that can be normalized. LU/LC changes are affected by runoff discharge, and runoff discharge is affected by the floodway design. The study dis-cusses the effect of land use (LU) or land cover (LC) changes and the design of floodway channel dimensions in the Kali Kemuning watershed, East Java Province, Indonesia. The Nakayasu synthetic unit hydrograph has been used to analyse the runoff discharge, and the Hydrologic Engineering Center’s River Analysis System software analysed the hydraulic proper-ties of river and floodway channels. Results show that the floodway channel design is determined by LU/LC conditions, and the river channel is normalized toward its maximum dimensions. Normalized channel depths and widths vary from 4 to 7 m and 16 to 46 m, respectively. The floodway channel is rectangular, with a bottom width of 10 m and depth of 4.5 m. With the runoff coefficient equal to 0.75, these normalized channel and floodway dimensions are suitable for the flood up to the 100-year return period runoff discharge.
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Authors and Affiliations

Agus Suharyanto
1
ORCID: ORCID
Yatnanta P. Devia
1
ORCID: ORCID
Indradi Wijatmiko
1
ORCID: ORCID

  1. Universitas Brawijaya, Faculty of Engineering, Civil Engineering Department, Jl. MT Haryono 167, Malang 65145, Jawa Timur, Indonesia
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Abstract

In wastewater treatment plants, large pumps are often used to accommodate unknown hydraulic properties of solid-water mixture flow. The use of large pumps translates into higher purchasing and operating costs. Wastewater mixture is pumped with solids of different types and concentrations through pipelines. The design of these ducts is mainly based on the hydraulic laws of solid-water mixture which is represented by a corrected friction coefficient corresponding to the concentration of solids in water. This paper experimentally studies hydraulic properties of solid-water mixtures in pipelines by the varying Froude number (Fr), which represents the velocity mixture, solid concentration, pipeline diameter and pipeline material type-roughness coefficient. The experiments have been conducted in the wastewater treatment plant where six solid concentrations can be found ranging from 2 to 12% by weight. The pipe diameter ranges between 100 to 300 mm. It has been found that both the friction coefficient and the hydraulic gradient ameliorate with the increase of the pipeline roughness and the solids concentration in the water mixture, whereas the Fr drop with the diameter of the pipeline. The results are translated into curves and equations to predict the corrected pipeline friction coefficient and the hydraulic gradient of the solid-water mixture flow through horizontal pipelines at various solids concentrations, roughness and diameters.
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Authors and Affiliations

Faisal A. Osra
1
ORCID: ORCID

  1. Umm Al-Quara University, College of Engineering and Islamic Architecture, Department of Civil Engineering P.O. Box 715, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
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Abstract

The geopark Altai has a set of unique geological, geographical, and archaeological objects. Its basis is made by geological space with a specific relief that plays an important role, and on certain sites, it takes the first place in comparison with other types of objects. The peculiar feature of the geopark Altai is that in its territory there is a landscape connection among archaeological, geological, and geographical objects, which at certain sites is penetrated by mental and cultural fluids causing a deep interest of tourists in this territory. In this regard, the authors consider the relief as an object of cognitive, educational, and practical activities of the geopark Altai. Therefore, the following tasks were set up: to find a site for the realization of several types of activities by the geopark and to develop a theoretical scientific and a popular science base for their imple-mentation. As a result of the work done, the authors allocated the site within the boundaries of the geopark Altai where modern dynamics of the relief are characterized by the maximum speed. On this site, it is possible to recreate the processes that created the relief in the geological past and to study these processes now. The specifics of weather and climatic conditions in this region made its relief very important for economic activity of the population inhabiting this territory. Therefore, as of today, the study of the condition of certain surface sites and forecasting the development of relief-forming processes is an important part of any activity on the described territory. The long-term geological, ecological, geographical, and archaeolog-ical research conducted by the authors on the territory of the Altai Republic served as materials for this study. The geological materials were collected by the methods adopted in this field of research (field survey of structures and rocks, cartographic methods, analysis of general geological data, and others). The ecological and geographical results were obtained using geo-chemical, hydrochemical, analytical, and others.
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Authors and Affiliations

Nina A. Kocheeva
1
Natalia A. Iurkova
1
Mariia G. Sukhova
1
Aleksndr Germanovich Redkin
2
Olga Valerevna Zhuravleva
1

  1. Gorno-Altaisk State University, Faculty of Natural Sciences and Geography, Department of Geography and Environmental Management, 1 Lenkin Street, Gorno-Altaisk, 649000, Altai Republic, Russia
  2. Altai State University, Department of Recreational Geography, Tourism and Regional Marketing, Barnaul, Russia

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1. "Journal of Water and Land Development” is published four times a year in English, articles are followed by a short (not exceeding 200 words) summary in Polish.
2. Conciseness of style is a prequisite, avoid verbose phrases and abvious statements. Manuscript should not exceed 1 printing sheet (20 standard pages of 1800 characters per page). Tables, figures and short summary should be typed at the end of the paper on separate pages.
3. Each article should contain the following elements: title, name and surname of the author(s), authors' affiliation, short abstract no longer than 150–200 words, key words, text of the paper divided into Introduction, Material and Methods, Results and Discussion, References (arranged in alphabetic order as shown below) and summary in Polish BENCALA K.E., WALTERS R.A. 1983. Simulation of solute transport in mountain pool-and riffle stream: a transient storage model. Water Resources Research. Vol. 19 p. 718–724. GÓRECKI A. 1987. Rozpoznanie i opis sztucznych pól odniesień przestrzennych [Recognition and description of the artificial plots of spatial relations]. Manuscript. Wrocław. Uniwersytet Wrocławski pp. 18. JANKOWSKI M. 2006. Elementy grafiki komputerowej [Elements of the computer graphics]. Warszawa. WNT. ISBN 8320431638 pp. 220. STRZELECKI T. 1994. Rola systemów informacji geograficznej w zarządzaniu państwem, województwem i gminą. W: Komputerowe wspomaganie badań naukowych [The role of GIS in the management of the state, voivodship and community. In: Computer aided research]. I Konferencja Środowiskowa. Wrocław. Wrocławskie Towarzystwo Naukowe p. 19–25. Papers referred to should be quoted in the text as KOWALSKI [1997], [KOWALSKI, NOWAK 1997]. If there are more than two authors, please add et al. after the first name i.e. NOWAK et al. [1997]. English version of the non-congress language title should be added in brackets.
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Authors’ duties

Authorship
Authorship should be limited to persons, who markedly contributed to the idea, project, realization and interpretation of results. All of them have to be listed as co-authors. Other persons, who affected some important parts of the study should be listed or mentioned as co-workers. Author should be certain that all co-authors were enlisted, saw and accepted final version of the paper and agreed upon its publication.

Disclosure and conflict of interests
Author should disclose all sources of financing of his/her study, the input of scientific institutions, associations and other subjects and all important conflicts of interests that might affect results and interpretation of the study.

Standards in reporting
Authors of papers based on original studies should present precise description of performed work and objective discussion on its importance. Source data should be accurately presented in the paper. The paper should contain detailed information and references that would enable others to use it. False or intentionally not true declarations are not ethical and are not accepted by the editors.

Access to and storage of data
Authors may be asked for providing raw data used in the paper for editorial assessment and should be prepared to store them within the reasonable time period after publication.

Multiple, unnecessary and competitive publications
As a rule author should not publish papers describing the same studies in more than one journal or primary publication. Submission of the same paper to more than one journal at the same time is not ethical and prohibited.

Confirmation of sources
Author should cite papers that affected the creation of submitted manuscript and every time he/she should confirm the use of other authors’ work.

Important errors in published papers
When author finds an important error or inaccuracy in his/her paper, he/she is obliged to inform Editorial Office about this as soon as possible.

Originality and plagiarism
Author may submit only original papers. He/she should be certain that the names of authors referred to in the paper and/or fragments of their texts are properly cited or mentioned.

Ghostwriting
Ghost writing/guest authorship are manifestation of scientific unreliability and all such cases will be revealed including notification of appropriate subjects. Signs of scientific unreliability, especially violation of ethical principles in science will be documented by the Editorial Office.


Duties of the Editorial Office


Editors’ duties
Editors know the rules of journal editing including the procedures applied in case of uncovering non-ethical practices.

Decisions on publication
Editor-in Chief is obliged to apply present legal status as to defamation, violation of author’s rights and plagiarism and bears the responsibility for decisions. He/she may consult thematic editors and/or referees in that matter.

Selection of referees
Editorial Office provides appropriate selection of referees and takes care about appropriate course of peer –reviewing (the review has to be substantive).

Confidentiality
Every member of editorial team is not allowed to disclose information about submitted paper to any person except its author, referees, other advisors and editors.

Discrimination
To counteract discrimination the Editorial Office obeys the legally binding rules.

Disclosure and conflict of interests
Not published papers or their fragments cannot be used in the studies of editorial team or ref-erees without written consent of the author.


Referees' duties

Editorial decisions

Referee supports Editor-in-Chief in taking editorial decisions and may also support author in improving the paper.

Back information
In case a selected referee is not able to review the paper or cannot do it in due time period, he/she should inform secretary of the Editorial Office about this fact.

Objectivity standards
Reviews should be objective. Personal criticism is inappropriate. Referees should clearly ex-press their opinions and support them with proper arguments.

Confidentiality
All reviewed papers should be dealt with as confidential. They should not be discussed or revealed to persons other than the secretary of the Editorial Office.

Anonymity
All reviews should be made anonymously and the Editorial Office does not disclose names of the authors to referees.

Disclosure and conflict of interests
Confidential information or ideas resulting from reviewing procedure should be kept secret and should not be used to gain personal benefits. Referees should not review papers, which might generate conflict of interests resulting from relationships with the author, firm or institution involved in the study.

Confirmation of sources
Referees should indicate publications which are not referred to in the paper. Any statement that the observation, source or argument was described previously should be supported by appropriate citation. Referee should also inform the secretary of the Editorial Office about significant similarity to or partial overlapping of the reviewed paper with any other published paper and about suspected plagiarism.

Peer-review Procedure

Reviewing procedure

Procedure of reviewing submitted papers agrees with recommendations of the Ministry of Science and Higher Education published in a booklet: „Dobre praktyki w procedurach recenzyjnych w nauce”.
http://www.nauka.gov.pl/g2/oryginal/2014_02/307f933b1a75d6705a4406d5452d6dbf.pdf

Reviewing form may be downloaded from the Journal’s web page.

1.Papers submitted to the Editorial Office are primarily verified by editors withrespect to merit and formal issues. Texts with obvious errors (formatting other than requested, missing references, evidently low scientific quality) will be rejected at this stage.
2.Primarily accepted papers are sent to the two independent referees from outside the author’s institution, who:
  • have no conflict of interests with the author,
  • are not in professional relationships with the author,
  • are competent in a given discipline and have at least doctor’s degree and respective scientific achievements,
  • have unblemished reputation as reviewers.
3.In case of papers written in foreign language, at least one referee is affiliated in a foreign institution other than the author’s nationality.
4.Reviewing proceeds in the double blind process (authors and reviewers do notknow each other’s names) recommended by the Ministry.
5.A number is attributed to the paper to identify it in further stages of editorial procedure.
6.Potential referee obtains summary of the text and it is his/her decision upon accepting/rejecting the paper for review within a given time period.
7.Referees are obliged to keep opinions about the paper confidential and to not use knowledge about it before publication.
8.Review must have a written form and end up with an explicit conclusion about accepting or rejecting the paper from publication. Referee has a possibility to conclude his/her opinion in a form:
  • accept without revision;
  • accept with minor revision;
  • accept after major revision,
  • re-submission and further reviewing after complete re-arrangement of the paper,
  • reject.
9.Referee sends the review to the journal “Woda-Środowisko-Obszary Wiejskie”and “Problemy Inżynierii Rolniczej”by e-mail and in the printed undersigned form to the Editorial Office. Referee sends the review to the “Journal of Water and Land Development”by Editorial System. The review is archived there for 5 years.
10.Editors do not accept reviews, which do not conform to merit and formal rules of scientific reviewing like short positive or negative remarks not supported by a close scrutiny or definitely critical reviews with positive final conclusion and vice versa. Referee’s remarks are presented to the author. Rational and motivated conclusions are obligatory for the author. He/she has to consider all remarks and revise the text accordingly. Referee has the right to verify so revised text.
11.Author of the text has the right to comment referee’s conclusions in case he/she does not agree with them.
12.Editor-in Chief (supported by members of the Editorial Board) decides upon publication based on remarks and conclusions presented by referees, author’s comments and the final version of the manuscript.
13.Rules of acceptation or rejection of the paper and the review form are available at the web page of the Editorial House or the journal.
14.Once a year Editorial Office publishes present list of cooperating reviewers.
15.According to usual habit, reviewing is free of charge.
16.Papers rejected by referees are archived at the Editorial Office for 5 years.

Reviewers

Journal of Water and Land Development – List of reviewers – 2020

Prof. Aminuddin Ab Ghani - River Engineering and Urban Drainage Research Centre (REDAC), Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia
Prof. Abdelaziz Abdallaoui - Moulay Ismail University, Morocco
Assoc. Prof. Fahmy Abdelhaleem - Benha University, Cairo, Egypt
Dr. Yahiaoui Abdelhalim - Institute of Technology, University of Bouira, Algeria
Prof. Khaldi Abdelkrim - University of Science and Technology of Oran, Algeria
Dr. Jazuli Abdullahi - Near East University, Nicosia Cyprus
Prof. Taleb M. Abu-Sharar - University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan
Prof. Bachir Achour - University of Biskra, Algeria
Dr. Mariusz Adynkiewicz – Piragas Institute of Meteorology and Water Management - National Research Institute, Poland
Prof. Mukhtar Ahmed - PMAS Arid Agriculture University, Rawalpindi, Pakistan; Washington State University, Pullman, USA; Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Umeå, Sweden
Dr. Hayder Alalwan - Technical of Petrochemical, Middle Technical University, Iraq
Dr. Arif Alam - COMSATS University Islamabad, Abbottabad Campus, Pakistan
Dr. Hudhaifa maan Al-Hamndi - Tikrit University, Iraq
Assoc. Prof. Ali Al-Hillo - University of Wasit, Iraq
Dr. Ammar Ali - Wageningen University, The Netherlands
Dr. Sayed Sabab Ali - Hanyang University South Korea, Korea (South)
Prof. Mehush Aliu - University of Mitrovica, Albania
Dr. Miran Al-Rammahi - University of Liverpool, United Kingdom
Assoc. Prof. Abdalrahman Alsulaili - Kuwait University, Safat, Kuwait
Dr. Raid Al-Tahir - University of the West Indies, St. Augustine, Trinidad and Tobago
Dr. Mohd Anees - Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia
Prof. Jacek Antonkiewicz - University of Agriculture in Krakow, Poland
Prof. Nadjadji Anwar - Institut Teknologi Surabaya, Indonesia
Prof. Younas Aouine - Ibn Zohr University, Cité Dakhla, Agadir, Morocco
Prof. Klaus Appenroth - Friedrich Schiller University, Jena, Germany
Dr. Maria Adelaide Araujo Almeida - Polytechnic Institute of Beja, Portugal
Dr. Ozan Artun - Cukurova University in Adana, Turkey
Dr. Kentaka Aruga - Graduate School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Saitama City, Japan
Prof. Atilgan Atilgan - Isparta University of Applied Sciences, Turkey
Dr. Imen Ayadi - Higher Institute of Water Sciences and Techniques of Gabes, Tunisia
Assoc. Prof. Neveen Badawy - Benha University, Cairo, Egypt
Dr. Attoui Badra - Laboratory of Geology Badji Mokhtar University-Annaba, Algeria
Assoc. Prof. Sławomir Bajkowski - Warsaw University of Life Sciences - SGGW, Poland
Prof. Hutaf Baker - Al al-Bayt University, Mafraq, Jordan
Dr. Monika Balawejder - PWSTE The Bronisław Markiewicz State University of Technology and Eco-nomics in Jarosław, Poland
Prof. Ildefonso Baldiris-Navarro - Universidad de Cartagena, Colombia
Dr. Andres Barajas-Solano - Universidad Francisco de Paula Santander, Colombia
Prof. Icela Barcecó-Qiuntal- Metropolitan Autonomous University, Mexico City, Mexico
Dr. Arash Barjasteh - Khuzestan Water & Power Authority (KWPA), Iran
Prof. Erum Bashir - University of Karachi, Karach, Pakistan
Assoc. Prof. Łukasz Bąk - Kielce University of Technology, Poland
Dr. Mohamed Salah Belksier - University of Kasdi Merbah Ouargla, Algeria
Master Al-Amin Bello - Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia
Prof. Lahcen Benaabidate - University of Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah, Fès, Morocco
Dr. Aziz Benhamrouche - Ferhat Abbas University of Setif, Algeria
Master Ali Berghout - University of Bejaia, Algeria
Assoc. Prof. Nka Nnomo Bernadette - Institute of Geological and Mining Research, Yaounde, Cameroon
Master Suraj Bhagat - Ton Duc Thang University, Viet Nam
Prof. Vijaya S. Bhaskara Rao - Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati, India
Assoc. Prof. Muhammad Binbakar - Universiti Utara Malaysia, Malaysia
Prof. Sumantra Biswas - Jawaharlal Nehru University/ Sukumar Sengupta Mahavidyalaya, New Delhi, India
Prof. Inga Bochoidze - Akaki Tsereteli State University, Kutaisi, Georgia
Assoc. Prof. Ilirjana Boci - University of Tirana, Albania
Prof. Andrzej Bogdał - University of Agriculture in Krakow, Poland
Prof. Nikolay I. Bogdanovich - Northern (Arctic) Federal University, Arkhangelsk, Russia
Dr. Gokcen Bombar - Izmir Katip Celebi University, Turkey
Prof. Ognjen Bonacci - Split University, Croatia
Assoc. Prof. Małgorzata Bonisławska - West Pomeranian University of Technology, Szczecin, Poland
Prof. Dariusz Borowiak - University of Gdańsk, Poland
Dr. Frits Bos - CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis, The Hague, Netherlands
Prof. Hamid Bouchelkia - University of Tlemcen, Algeria
Master Mourad Boussekine - Badji Mokhtar University, Annaba, Algeria
Dr. Housseyn Bouzeria - Abou Bakr Belkaid University of Tlemcen, Algeria.
Dr. Andrzej Brandyk - Warsaw University of Life Sciences, Poland
Assoc. Prof. Krystyna Bryś - Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Science, Poland
Assoc. Prof. John Buchanan - University of Tennessee, United States
Prof. Piotr Bugajski - University of Agriculture of Krakow, Poland
Dr. Ewa Burszta-Adamiak - Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Science, Poland
Dr. Erni Butar-Butar - Indonesian Institute of Sciences, Indonesia
Prof. Javier Cancela - University of Santiago de Compostela, Spain
Dr. Miguel Cañedo-Argüelles - University of Barcelona, Spain
Dr. Rushan Ceka - South East European University, Skopje, North Macedonia
Assoc. Prof. Peter Cepuder - University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna, Austria
Prof. Simona Ceschin - Università Degli Studi Roma Tre, Rome, Italy
Assoc. Prof. Cem Polat Cetinkaya - Dokuz Eylul University, Izmir, Turkey
Prof. Kwok-Wing Chau - Hong Kong Polytechnic University, China
Assoc. Prof. Abdelbaki Chérifa - Abou Bakr Belkaid, University, Tlemcen, Algeria
Dr. Younghyun Cho - K-water Research Institute, Daejeon, Korea (South)
Master Susan Cooper - King’s College London, United Kingdom
Dr. Agnieszka Cupak - Uniwersytet Rolniczy, Poland
Prof. Isa Curebal - Balıkesir University, Turkey
Prof. Stanisław Czaban - Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Science, Poland
Dr. Justyna Czajkowska - Warsaw University of Life Sciences - SGGW, Poland
Dr. Wojciech Czekała - Poznan University of Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Przemyslaw Czerniejewski - Westpomeranian University of Technology, Szczecin, Poland
Dr. Ralf Dannowski - Leibniz Centre for Agricultural Land Use Research, Germany
Dr. Ammar Dawood - University of Basrah, Iraq
Dr. Paweł Dąbek - Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Rutger de Graaf - University of Amsterdam, Netherlands
Dr. Loris Deirmendjian - Paul Sabatier University - Toulouse III, France
Assoc. Prof. Tamene Demissie - Jimma University, Ethiopia
Dr. Gustavo Díaz - University of Concepción, Chile
Assoc. Prof. Alsayed Dowidar - Hydraulics Research Institute - National Water Research Center, Shoubra El-Kheima, Egypt
Prof. Krzysztof Dragon - Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznań, Poland
Dr. Sniazhana Dubianok - Central Research Institute for Complex Use of Water Resources (CRICUWR), Minsk, Belarus
Dr. Tomasz Dysarz - Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Assoc. Prof. Anarbekova Gulshat Dzhumabaevna - Kazakh National Agrarian University, Almaty, Kazakhstan
Dr. Hefni Effendi - Bogor Agricultural University, Indonesia
Prof. Youssef El Guamri - Regional Centre for Careers of Education and Training, Marrakech, Morocco
Dr. Mokhtari Elhadj - University of Hassiba Ben Bouali Chlef, Algeria
Dr. Alaa El-Hazek - Benha University, Cairo, Egypt
Assoc. Prof. Abdeslam El-Jouni - Centre regional des Métiers de l’Education et de la Formation : CRMEF Tanger, Morocco
Prof. Mahmoud El-Tokhy - Benha University, Cairo, Egypt.
Prof. Evens Emmanuel - Quisqueya University, Port-au-Prince, Haiti
Dr. María Esper Angillieri - Universidad Nacional de San Juan (UNSJ), Argentina
Prof. Alisher Fatxulloev - Tashkent Institute of Irrigation and Agricultural Mechanization Engineers, Uzbekistan
Assoc. Prof. Daniel Fomina - Kazan National Research Technological University, Russia
Dr. Mattias Gaglio - University of Ferrara, Italy
Dr. Małgorzata Gałczyńska - West Pomeranian University of Technology, Szczecin, Poland
Dr. Givi Gavardashvili - Georgian Technical University, Tbilisi, Georgia
Dr. Paweł Gełesz - Academy of Fine Arts in Gdańsk, Poland
Dr. Yevheniy Gerasimov - National University of Water and Environmental Engineering, Rivne, Ukraine
Assoc. Prof. Said Ghabayen - Natural Resources Conservation, Princeton, United States
Dr. Abbas Gholami - Shoaml University, Amol, Iran
Prof. Daniela Gogoase Nistoran - Politehnica University of Bucharest, Romania
Dr. Dora Gomez - Universidad Pedagogica Nacional, Colombia
Dr. Ganzorig Gonchigsumlaa - Mongolian University of Life Sciences, Zaisan, Mongolia
Prof. Andrzej Greinert - University of Zielona Gora, Poland
Assoc. Prof. Antoni Grzywna - University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Poland
Dr. M.H.J.P. Gunarathna - Rajarata University of Sri Lanka, Mihintale, Sri Lanka
Assoc. Prof. Robert Gwiazda - Institute of Nature Conservation of the Polish Academy of Sciences, Kraków, Poland
Prof. Mohamed Habi - Tlemcen University, Algeria
Dr. Major Habiba - Badji Mokhtar University – Annaba, Algeria
Dr. Peter Halaj - Slovak University of Agriculture, Nitra, Slovak Republic
Master Wiktor Halecki - University of Agriculture in Kraków, Poland
Dr. Abderrahmane Hamimed - Mascara University, Algeria
Prof. Lahoucine Hanich - Cadi Ayyad University, Marrakech, Morocco
Dr. Donny Harisuseno - University of Brawijaya, Indonesia
Dr. Jakub Heciak - Kielce University of Technology, Poland
Dr. Henny Herawati - Tanjungpura University, Indonesia
Dr. Chaffai Hicham - Badji Mokhtar University – Annaba University, Algeria
Assoc. Prof. Saeed Hoodfar - Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, India
Prof. larbi Houichi - University of Batna 2, Algeria
Prof. Lyudmyla Hranovska - Institute of Irrigated Agriculture of NAAS, Kyiv, Ukraine
Dr. Věra Hubačíková - Mendel University in Brno, Czech Republic
Prof. Katarzyna Ignatowicz - Bialystok University of Technology, Poland
Prof. Masango Ilunga - University of South Africa, Pretoria, South Africa
Master Zhuldyzay Iskakova - Institute of Hydrogeology and Geoecology named after U.M. Ahmedsafina, Al-maty, Kazakhstan
Dr. Mateusz Jakubiak - AGH University of Science and Technology, Kraków, Poland
Assoc. Prof. Grzegorz Janik - Wrocław University of Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Anna Januchta-Szostak - Poznan University of Technology, Poland
Dr. Elżbieta Jasińska - AGH University of Science and Technology, Kraków, Poland
Dr. Joanna Jaskuła - Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Assoc. Prof. Bartosz Jawecki - Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Sabrine Jemai University of Sfax, Tunisia
Prof. Jerzy Jeznach - Warsaw University of Life Sciences - SGGW, Poland
Prof. Raimundo Jiménez-Ballesta - Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Spain
Prof. Csaba Juhász - University of Debrecen, Hungary
Dr. Grzegorz Kaczor - Uniwersytet Rolniczy w Krakowie, Poland
Assoc. Prof. Grzegorz Kaczor - University of Agriculture in Krakow, Poland
Dr. Mohammed Kadaoui - University Mohammed Premier, Oujda, Morocco
Master Sharad Kadbhane - Maratha Vidya Prasarak Samaj's, Karmaveer Adv. Baburao Ganpatrao Thakare College of Engineering, Nashik, India
Dr Dariusz Kayzer - Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Assoc. Prof. Tomasz Kałuża - Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Joanna Kamińska - Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Ibrahim Kane - Umaru Musa Yar'adua University, Katsina, Nigeria
Dr. Vasyl Karabyn - Lviv State University of Life Safety, Ukraine
Assoc. Prof. Agnieszka Karczmarczyk - Warsaw University of Life Sciences - SGGW, Poland
Assoc. Prof. Robert Kasperek - Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Kiyonori Kawasaki - Kagawa University, Japan
Dr. Mina Khosravi - Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran
Dr. Borys Khrystyuk - Ukrainian Hydrometeorological Institute, Kyiv, Ukraine
Dr. Marianne Koller-Peroutka - University of Vienna, Austria
Prof. Anna Kołodziejczak - Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań, Poland
Prof. Marek Kopacz - AGH University of Science and Technology, Poland
Dr. Tomasz Kotowski - University of Agriculture in Krakow, Poland
Zile Alex Kouadio - Université Jean Lorougnon Guédé, Daloa, Ivory Coast
Prof. Victor Kovalchuk - National University of Water and Environmental Engineering, Rivne, Ukraine
Prof. Pyotr Kovalenko - Institute of Water Problems and Land Reclamation of NAAS of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine
Dr. Adam Kozioł - Warsaw University of Life Sciences - SGGW, Poland
Dr. Piotr Krajewski - Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Assoc. Prof. Irina Krish - Vladimir State University, Russia
Prof. Natalia Kuczyńska-Kippen - Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań, Poland
Dr. Deepak Kumar - G.B. Pant University of Agriculture & Technology, Pantnagar, India
Dr. Karolina Kurek - University of Agriculture in Kraków, Poland
Dr. Stanisław Lach - AGH University of Science and Technology, Kraków, Poland
Prof. Lenka Lackóová - Slovak University of Agriculture, Nitra; Slovak Republic
Prof. László Lakatos - Eszterhazy Karoly University (The University of Eger), Hungary
Assoc. Prof. Maciej Lasocki - Warsaw University of Technology, Poland
Dr. Niharika Lata - National Institute of Technology Patna, India
Dr. Okanlade Lawal-Adebowale - Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Nigeria
Dr. Jeffrey León Pulido - EAN University, Bogota, Colombia
Dr. Jaakko Leppänen - University of Helsinki, Finland
Assoc. Prof. Jacek Leśny - Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Assoc. Prof. Han Lijian - Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
Prof. Lily Limantara - University of Brawijaya, Indonesia
Prof. Fedor Lisetskii - Belgorod State National Research University, Belgorod, Russia
Prof. Jurik Lubos - Slovak University of Agriculture, Nitra, Slovak Republic
Prof. Jaafar Maatooq - University of Technology, Baghdad, Iraq
Master Mohd Mahamud - Universiti Sains Malaysia, George Town, Malaysia
Prof. Myroslav Malovanyy - Lviv Polytechnic National University, Ukraine
Dr. Eduardo Martínez-Gomariz - Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Spain
Costantino Masciopinto - National Research Council, Rome, Water Research Institute, Bari, Italy
Dr. Natalya Matvienko - Institute of Fisheries of the National Academyof Agrarian Sciences, Kyiv 03164, Ukraine
Prof. Jan Mazurkiewicz - Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Bruno Mazzorana - Universidad Austral de Chile
Dr. Agnieszka Mąkosza - West Pomeranian University of Technology, Szczecin, Poland
Dr. Lakhdar Mebarki - University of Bechar, Algeria
Prof. Mohamed Meddi - Ecole Nationale Supérieure d’Hydraulique, Blida, Algeria
Dr. Ali Mehran - University of North Georgia, United States
Dr. José Alberto Herrera Melián - University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain
Dr. Orest Melnichuk - Institute of Ecology and Geography, Academy of Sciences, Kishinev, Moldova
Prof. Leopoldo Mendoza-Espinosa - Autonomous University of Baja California, Ensenada, Mexico
Dr. Gabriel Minea - National Institute of Hydrology and Water Management, Bucharest, Romania
Dr. Małgorzata Mirecka - Warsaw University of Technology, Poland
Dr. Dorota Mirosław-Świątek - Warsaw University of Life Sciences – SGGW, Poland
Dr. Dariusz Młyński - University of Agriculture in Kraków, Poland
Assoc. Prof. Dariusz Młyński - University of Agriculture in Kraków, Poland
Prof. Djidel Mohamed - Université Kasdi Merbah Ouargla, Algeria
Dr. Amir Molajou - Iran University of Science & Technology, Iran
Prof. Changho Moon - Kunsan National University, Korea (South)
Assoc. Prof. Matthew Morris - Ambrose University, Calgary, Canada
Prof. Józef Mosiej - Warsaw University of Life Scieces -SGGW, Poland
Prof. Jacek Motyka - AGH University of Science and Technology, Kraków, Poland
Dr. Dounia Mrad - University Badji Mokhtar Annaba, Algeria
Dr. Basil Mugonola - Gulu University (GU), Uganda
Prof. Zainal Muktamar - University of Bengkulu, Indonesia
Prof. Ismet Mulliqi - University of Mitrovica "Isa Boletini", Albania
Dr. Magdalena Myszura - University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Poland
Assoc. Prof. Marco Napoli - University of Florence, Italy
Dr. Arkadiusz Nędzarek - West Pomeranian University of Technology, Szczecin, Poland
Dr. Jacek Niedźwiecki - Institute of Soil Science and Plant Cultivation, Puławy, Poland
Dr. Constantin Nistor - University of Bucharest, Romania
Prof. Ainin Niswati - Lampung University, Indonesia
Dr. Tomasz Noszczyk - University of Agriculture in Krakow, Poland
Prof. Vahid Nourani - University of Tabriz, Iran
Prof. Laftouhi Noureddine - Cadi Ayyad University, Marrakech, Morocco
Dr. Washington Nyabeze - WR Nyabeze and Associates, Johannesburg, South Africa
Dr. Clement Nyamekye - Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana
Prof. Ryszard Oleszczuk - Warsaw University of Life Sciences - SGGW, Poland
Prof. Beata Olszewska - Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Amal Omer - Desert Research Center, Cairo, Egypt., Egypt
Prof. El-Sayed Omran - Suez Canal University, Ismailia, Egypt
Dr. David Onu - Federal College of Education, Zaria
Dr. Agnieszka Operacz - University of Agriculture in Krakow, Poland
Dr. Petra Oppeltová - Mendel University in Brno, Czech Republic
Prof. Mehmet Ali Ozler - Mugla Sitki Kocman University, Turkey
Assoc. Prof. Carmen Palau - Universitat Politècnica de València, Spain
Prof. Zuzana Palkova - Slovak University of Agriculture, Nitra, Slovak Republic
Dr. Avinash Pandey - Metahelix Life Science Ltd., Bangalore, India
Assoc. Prof. Ghanshyam Patle - Central Agricultural University Imphal, India
Prof. Katarzyna Pawęska - Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Zbigniew Piepiora - Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Edward Pierzgalski - Forest Research Institute, Sękocin, Poland
Assoc. Prof. Oleg Pinchuk - National University of Water and Environmental Engineering, Kyiv, Ukraine
Dr. Santosh Pingale - National Institute of Hydrology Roorkee, India
Dr. Mikołaj Piniewski - Warsaw University of Life Sciences - SGGW, Poland
Prof. Agatha Piranti - Jenderal Soedirman University, Indonesia
Assoc. Prof. Karol Plesiński - University of Agriculture in Krakow, Poland
Assoc. Prof. Ryszard Pokładek - Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Agnieszka Policht-Latawiec - University of Agriculture in Krakow, Poland
Master Katja Polotzek - Max Planck Institute for the Physics of Complex Systems, Dresden, Germany
Dr. BVG Prasad - DR Y.S.R. Horticultural University, Andhra Pradesh, India
Dr. Michaela Prescott - Monash University, Melbourne, Australia
Dr. Wiesław Ptach - Warsaw University of Life Sciences - SGGW, Poland
Prof. Antonio Pulido Bosch - University of Almeria, Spain
Assoc. Prof. Doni Putra - Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Dr. Erik Querner - Querner Consult, Wageningen, Netherlands
Assoc. Prof. Kinga Racoń-Leja - Cracow University of Technology, Kraków, Poland
Dr. Koteswara K. Rao - Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology, Pune, India
Dr. Iwan Ridwansyah - Indonesian Institute of Sciences, Jakarta, Indonesia
Prof. Anatoliy Rokochinsky - National University of Water and Environmental Engineering, Ukraine
Assoc. Prof. Joanna Rodziewicz - University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Poland
Dr. Roman Rolbiecki - UTP University of Science and Technology, Bydgoszcz, Poland
Dr. Stanislav Ruman - University of Ostrava, Czech Republic
Dr. Holger Rupp - Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research, Halle, Germany
Dr. Katarzyna Rymuza - University of Natural Sciences and Humanities in Siedlce, Poland
Prof. Andrii Safonyk National University for Water and Environmental Engineering, Rivne, Ukraine
Prof. Carlos Salazar-Briones - Universidad Autónoma de Baja California, Mexicali, Mexico
Assoc. Prof. Luqmon Samiev - Tashkent Institute of Irrigation and Agricultural Mechanization Engineers, Uzbekistan
Dr. Abba Sani Isah - Yusuf Maitama Sule University, Kano, Nigeria, Nigeria
Dr. Veronica Sarateanu - Agriculture Faculty, Banat's University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine "King Michael I of Romania", Timisoara, Romania
Prof. Miklas Scholz - Lund University, Sweden
Prof. Moosa Sedibe - Central University of Technology, Free State, Bloemfontein, South Africa
Dr. Joanna Sender - University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Poland
Dr. Marcus Senra - Unversidade Federal de Juiz de Fora, Minas Gerais, Brazil
Dr. Artur Serafin - University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Poland
Dr. Muhammad Setiawan - Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Prof. Abdol Aziz Shahraki - Regional Studies, The Royal Institute of Technology, KTH, Stockholm, Sweden
Dr. Andrzej Shatkowski - Institute of Water Problems and Land Reclamation, Kharkiv, Ukraine
Dr. Abdrabbo Shehata AbouKheira - Water Management Research Institute, El Qanater El Khayreya, Egypt
Dr. Rituraj Shukla - University of Guelph, Canada
Prof. Tadeusz Siwiec - Warsaw University of Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Sergiy Snizhko - Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Ukraine
Dr. Chen Soo - Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, Kota Samarahan, Malaysia,
Dr. Marcin Spychała - Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Rafał Stasik - Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Assoc. Prof. Tatyana Stefanovska - National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine
Dr. Radosław Stodolak - Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Ery Suhartanto - University of Brawijaya, Indonesia
Dr. Lagudu Surinaidu - National Geophysical Research Institute, Hyderabad, India
Prof. Dwita Sutjiningsih - University of Indonesia, Depok , Indonesia
Assoc. Prof. Serhiy Syrotyuk - Lviv National Agrarian University, Ukraine
Assoc. Prof. Sandor Szalai - Szent István University, Godollo, Hungary
Dr. Jan Szatyłowicz - Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Szymon Szewrański - Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Wiesław Szulc - Warsaw University of Life Sciences - SGGW, Poland
Prof. Wiesław Szulczewski - Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Kassa Tadele - Arba Minch University, Ethiopia
Dr. Kassahun Tadesse - University of Johannesburg, South Africa
Dr. Samuel Takele - National Institute of Meteorological Sciences, Seogwipo-si, Jeju-doKorea (South)
Prof. Fatima Zohra Tebbi - University of Batna, Algeria
Prof. Alo Tito - Department of Water Engineering and Chemistry, Italy
Prof. Mukesh Tiwari - Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi, India
Dr. Katarzyna Tokarczyk-Dorociak - Wrocław Universiy of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Rachid Touir - Centre Régional des Métiers de l’Éducation et de la Formation (CRMEF), Rabat, Morocco
Le Tu - Nong Lam University, Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam
Prof. Serghiy Vambol - Kharkiv National Technical University of Agriculture after P. Vasilenko, Ukraine
Dr. Iryna Vaskina - Sumy State University, Ukraine
Prof. Magdalena Vaverková - Mendel University in Brno, Czech Republic
Dr. Ileana Vera-Reyes - Centro de Investigación en Química Aplicada, Mexico, Mexico
Prof. Aliaksandr Volchak - Brest State Technical University, Belarus
Prof. Jan Vymazal - Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, Czech Republic
Dr. Tong Wang - Erasmus University Rotterdam, Netherlands
Dr. Rafal Wawer - Institute of Soil Science and Plant Cultivation - State Research Institute, Puławy, Poland
Master Wessam Wessam - Agricultural Engineering Research Institute, Giza, Egypt
Dr. Ewa Wiśniowska - Czestochowa University of Technology, Poland
Prof. Franciszek Woch - Institute of Soil Science and Plant Cultivation - State Research Institute, Puławy, Poland
Prof. Małgorzata Wojtkowska - Warsaw University of Technology, Poland
Prof. Lu Xiwu - Southeast University, Nanjing, China
Prof. Mamuye Yusuf - Jimma University, Ethiopia
Prof. Mariusz Zadworny - Czestochowa University of Technology (CUT) Faculty of Civil Engineering, Poland
Assoc. Prof. Liliana Zaharia - University of Bucarest, Romania
Dr. Kateb Zakaria - Tlemcen University, Algeria
Prof. Jarosław Zawadzki - Warsaw University of Technology, Poland
Prof. Aziez Zeddouiri - University of Kasdi Merbah Ouargla, Algeria
Prof. Bakenaz A. Zeidan - Tanta University, Egypt
Dr. Noureddine Zenati - University of Messaadia Med Cherif, Souk-Ahras, Algeria
Assoc. Prof. Hamsa Zubaidi - Oregon State University, Corvallis, United States
Dr. Tomasz Zubala - University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Poland
Dr. Anna Źróbek-Sokolnik - University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Poland
Prof. Jacek Żarski - UTP University of Science and Technology, Bydgoszcz, Poland


Journal of Water and Land Development – List of reviewers – 2019

Prof. Yahiaoui Abdelkrim – University of Bechar, Algeria
Prof. Habib Abida – University of Sfax, Tunesia Tjahyo Adji – Univesitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Prof. Klaus Appenroth – Friedrich Schiller University Jena, Germany
Dr Maria Adelaide Araujo Almeida – Polytechnic Institute of Beja, Portugal
Dr Eli Argaman – Soil Erosion Research Station, Ministry of Agriculture, Rishon Lezion, Israel
Dr John Awu – National Centre for Agricultural Mechanization, Ilorin, Nigeria
Prof. Aleksandra Badora – University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Lublin, Poland
Assoc. Prof. Sławomir Bajkowski – Warsaw University of Life Sciences - SGGW, Poland
Dr. Arturas Bautrenas – Vilnius Unversity, Vilnius, Lituania
Dr. Aleksanda Bawiec – Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Łukasz Bąk – Kielce University of Technology, Kielce, Poland
Prof. Bourhane Belabed – Badji Mokhtar – Annaba University, Algeria
Dr. Tomasz Bergel – University of Agriculture in Krakow, Poland
Dr Ramon Bienes –Instituto Madrileño de Investigación y Desarrollo Rural Agrario y Alimentario, Madrid, Spain
Dr. Małgorzata Biniak-Pieróg – Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Andrzej Bogdał – University of Agriculture of Krakow, Poland
Dr. Alaba Boluwade – McGill University, Montreal, Canada
Prof. Hamid Bouchelkia – University of Tlemcen, Algeria
Dr. Andrzej Brandyk – Warsaw University of Life Sciences - SGGW, Poland
Assoc. Prof. Krystyna Bryś – Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Science, Poland
Dr. Piotr Bugajski – University of Agriculture of Krakow, Poland
Dr Ewa Burszta-Adamiak – Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Science, Poland
Assoc. Prof. Irena Burzyńska – Institute of Technology and Life Science, Falenty, Poland
Dr Agnieszka Bus – Warsaw University of Life Sciences - SGGW, Poland
Dr. Hazir Çadraku – University for Business and Technology, Pristina, Kosovo
Prof. Bogdan Chojnicki – Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Andrea Cominola – Technische Universität Berlin, Germany
Dr. Agnieszka Cupak – University of Agriculture of Krakow, Poland
Dr. Justyna Czajkowska – Warsaw University of Life Sciences - SGGW, Poland
Assoc. Prof. Krzysztof Czerwionka – Gdańsk University of Technology, Poland
Dr. Ewa Dacewicz – University of Agriculture of Krakow, Poland
Assoc. Prof. Jacek Dach – Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Jan Damicz – University of Warmia and Mazury, Olsztyn, Poland
Dr. Ralf Dannowski – Leibniz Centre for Agricultural Land Use Research, Germany
Dr Paweł Dąbek – Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Science, Poland
Prof. Halina Dąbkowska-Naskręt – University of Science and Technology, Bydgoszcz, Poland
Dr. Oussama Derdous – Université Kasdi Merbah Ouargla, Algeria
Prof. Jean Diatta – Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Jean-Christophe Diepart – Université de Liège, Belgium
Dr Bujar Durmishi – University of Tetova, North Macedonia
Dr. Tomasz Dysarz – Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Mahmoud El-Tokhy – Benha University, Egypt
Prof. Evens Emmanuel – Quisqueya University, Port-au-Prince, Haiti
Dr. Tomasz Falkowski – Warsaw University of Life Sciences - SGGW, Poland
Assoc. Prof. Fernando Fan – Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil
Prof. Janos Fehér – University of Debrecen, Hungary
Dr. Beata Fortuna-Antoszkiewicz – Warsaw University of Life Sciences - SGGW, Poland
Dr. Junior Garcia – Universidade Federal do Paraná, Curitiba, Brazil
Prof. Wiesław Gądek – Cracow University of Technology, Poland
Dr. Givi Gavardashvili – Georgian Water Managment Institute, Tbilisi, Georgia
Assoc. Prof. Małgorzata Gałczyńska – West Pomeranian University of Technology Szczecin, Poland
Dr Paweł Gełesz – Academy of Fine Arts in Gdańsk, Poland
Dr Jakub Gołębiewski – West Pomeranian University of Technology Szczecin, Poland
Prof. Renata Graf – Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznań, Poland
Dr. Rutger de Graaf – Hogeschool Rotterdam, Netherlands
Dr. Antoni Grzywna – University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Poland
Dr Adam Górecki – Wroclaw University of Science and Technology, Poland
Assoc. Prof. Krzysztof Górecki – Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Asssoc. Prof. Burak Gürel – Koç University,Istanbul, Turkey
Prof. Mohamed Habi – University of Tlemcen, Algeria
Dr. Peter Halaj – Slovak University of Agriculture, Nitra, Slovak Republic
Dr. Younes Hamed – Gafsa University, Tunisia
Dr. Mateusz Hammerling – Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Assoc. prof. Paweł Hanus – AGH University of Science and Technology in Krakow, Poland
Dr Henny Herawati – Tanjungpura University, Pontianak, Indonesia
Dr Edyta Hewelke – Warsaw University of Life Sciences - SGGW, Poland
Dr. Nur Islami – Universitas Riau, Pekanbaru, Indonesia
Assoc. prof. Darja Istenič – University of Ljubljana, Slovenia
Assoc. prof. Mohammad Hossein Jahangir – University of Tehran, Iran
Prof. Anna Januchta-Szostak – Poznan University of Technology, Poznań, Poland
Dr. Anna Jaroszewicz – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland
Assoc. prof. Bartosz Jawecki – Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Jerzy Jeznach – Warsaw University of Life Sciences - SGGW, Poland
Prof. Csaba Juhász – University of Debrecen, Hungary
Prof. Pierre Y. Julien – Colorado State University, Fort Collins, United States
Prof. Edmund Kaca – Warsaw University of Life Sciences - SGGW, Poland
Dr. Grzegorz Kaczor – University of Agriculture of Krakow, Poland
Assoc. prof. Eliza Kalbarczyk – Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznań, Poland
Prof. Tomasz Kałuża – Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Agnieszka Karczmarczyk – Warsaw University of Life Sciences - SGGW, Poland
Dr Ignacy Kardel – Warsaw University of Life Sciences - SGGW, Poland
Dr. Cezary Kaźmierowski – Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznań, Poland
Prof. Kamel Khanchoul – Badji Mokhtar – Annaba University, Algeria
Dr. Adam Kiczko – Warsaw University of Life Sciences - SGGW, Poland
Prof. Roman Kisiel – University of Warmia and Mazury, Olsztyn, Poland
Dr Oleksandr Klimenko – National University of Water and Environmental Engineering, Rivne, Ukraine
Dr. Apoloniusz Kodura – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland
Prof. Silvia Kohnová – Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava, Slovak Republic
Prof. Tomasz Kolerski – Gdańsk University of Technology, Poland
Dr Katarzyna Kołecka – Gdańsk University of Technology, Poland
Prof. Marek Kopacz – AGH University of Science and Technology, Krakow, Poland
Assoc. prof. Radovan Kopp – Mendel University in Brno, Czech Republic
Prof. Ján Koščo – University of Presov, Slovak Republic
Prof. Viktor Kovalchuk – National University of Water and Environmental Engineering, Rivne, Ukraine
Prof. Pyotr Kovalenko – Ukrainian Academy of Agricultural Engineering and Land Reclamation, Kiev, Ukraine
Assoc. prof. Tomasz Kowalczyk – Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Dr Alina Kowalczyk-Juśko – University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Poland
Dr Michał Kozłowski – Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Jerzy Kozyra – Institute of Soil Science and Plant Cultivation, Puławy, Poland
Dr Piotr Krajewski – Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Dr Katarzyna Krężałek – Institute of Technology and Life Science, Falenty, Poland
Prof. Mykhailo Kropyvko – Natsional′nyy Naukovyy Tsentr "Instytut Ahrarnoyi Ekonomiky", Kiev, Ukraine
Prof. Zygmunt Kruczek – University of Physical Education in Cracow, Poland
Dr. Michł Kubrak – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland
Prof. Bogdan Kulig – University of Agriculture of Krakow, Poland, Poland
Dr. Karolina Kurek – University of Agriculture of Krakow, Poland, Poland
Assoc. Prof. Kustamar Kustamar – Institut Teknologi Nasional Malang, Indonesia
Prof. Marek Kułażyński – Wroclaw University of Science and Technology, Poland
Dr. Stanisław Lach –AGH University of Science and Technology, Krakow, Poland
Prof. László Lakatos – Eszterhazy Karoly University, Eger, Hungary
Prof. Krzysztof Lejcuś – Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Przemysław Leń – University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Poland,
Dr Jaakko Leppänen – Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo
Prof. Daniel Liberacki – Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Lily Limantara – University of Brawijaya, Indonesi
Dr. Wiesława Lizińska – University of Warmia and Mazury, Olsztyn, Poland
Dr Imed Loukam – Mohamed-Cherif Messaadia University, Souk-Ahras, Algeria
Prof. Jurik Lubos – Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, Slovak Republic
Prof. Andrzej Łachacz – University of Warmia and Mazury, Olsztyn, Poland
Dr. Michał Łopata – Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznań, Poland
Prof. Chandra Madramootoo – McGill University, Montreal, Canada
Prof. Boutiba Makhlouf – University of Science and Technology Houari Boumediene, Algeria
Prof. Małgorzata Makowska – Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Myroslav Malovanyy – Lviv Polytechnic National University, Ukraine
Assoc. Prof. Andrii Martyn – National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, Kiev,Ukraine
Dr. Michał Marzec –University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Poland
Dr. Jakub Mazurkiewicz – Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Jan Mazurkiewicz – Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Constantine Mbajiorgu – University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria
Assoc. Prof. Monika Mika – University of Agriculture in Krakow, Poland
Dr. Gabriel Minea – National Institute of Hydrology and Water Management, Romania
Dr. Małgorzata Mirecka – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland
Dr. Dariusz Młyński – University of Agriculture of Krakow, Poland, Poland
Prof. Changho Moon – Kunsan National University, South Korea
Prof. Viktor Moshynskyi – National University of Water and Environmental Engineering, Ukraine
Prof. Józef Mosiej – Warsaw University of Life Scieces – SGGW, Poland
Dr. Rachedi Mounira – Université Chadli Bendjedid -El Tarf, Algeria
Dr. Dounia Mrad – Badji Mokhtar - Annaba University, Algeria
Dr Somphinith Muangthong – Rajamangala University of Technology Isan, Nakorn Ratchasima, Thailand
Prof. Ismet Mulliqi – University of Mitrovica "Isa Boletini", Albania
Dr. Reinhard Nolz – Institute of Hydrology, Slovak Academy of Sciences (IH SAS), Slovakia, Slovak Republic
Dr. Michael Nones – Institute of Geophysics Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw, Poland
Prof. Lucyna Nyka – Gdansk University of Technology, Poland
Prof. Hanna Obarska-Pempkowiak – Gdansk University of Technology, Poland
Dr. Grzegorz Oleniacz – Rzeszow University of Technology, Poland
Prof. Beata Olszewska – Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Ednah Onyari –University of South Africa, Pretoria, South Africa
Dr. Agnieszka Operacz – University of Agriculture in Krakow, Poland
Dr Petra Oppeltová – Mendel University in Brno, Czech Republic
Prof. Zuzana Palkova – Slovak University of Agriculture, Nitra, Slovak Republic
Assoc. Prof. Jana Pařílková – Brno University of Technology, Brno, Czech Republic
Assoc. Prof. Krzysztof. Parylak – Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Katarzyna Pawęska – Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Anna Pawlikowska-Piechotka – Józef Piłsudski University of Physical Education, Warsaw, Poland
Prof. Grzegorz Pęczkowski – Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Roman Petrus – Ignacy Łukasiewicz Rzeszow University of Technology, Poland
Prof. Janina Piekutin – Bialystok University of Technology, Poland
Prof. Edward Pierzgalski – Forest Research Institute, Sękocin, Poland
Dr. Santosh Pingale – Arba Minch University, Ethiopia
Dr. Karol Plesiński – University of Agriculture in Krakow, Poland
Dr Sandra Poikane – European Commission, Joint Research Cenre, Brussles, Belgium
Prof. Ryszard Pokładek – Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Agnieszka Policht-Latawiec – University of Agriculture in Krakow, Poland
Prof. Zbigniew Popek – Warsaw University of Life Scieces – SGGW, Poland
Assoc. Prof. Dorota Porowska – Warsaw University, Poland
Assoc. Prof. Brbara Prus – University of Agriculture in Krakow, Poland
Dr. Wioletta Przystaś – Silesian University of Technology, Gliwice, Poland
Dr. Erik Querner – Querner Consult, Wageningen, Netherlands
Dr. Kinga Racoń-Leja – Cracow University of Technology, Poland
Anatoliy Rokochinskyi – National University of Water and Environmental Engineering, Rivne, Ukraine
Dr. Roman Rolbiecki – UTP University of Science and Technology, Bydgoszcz, Poland
Dr. Giovanna Rossato – Progetto CMR, Milan, Italy
Dr. James Roumasset – University of Hawaii at Mānoa, Hawaii, United States
Dr. Oleksandr Rudik – Kherson State Agrarian University, Ukraine
Dr. Holger Rupp – Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research, Leipzig, Germany
Dr. Kamila Rybczyńska-Tkaczyk – University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Lublin, Poland
Dr. Katarzyna Rymuza – University of Natural Sciences and Humanities in Siedlce, Poland
Assoc. Prof. Anrzej Samborski – The State School of Higher Education in Zamość, Poland
Dr. Artur Serafin – University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Lublin, Poland
Prf. Abdelkader Seyd – Université Kasdi Merbah de Ouargla, Algeria
Dr. Tamara Shevchenko –O.M. Beketov National University of Urban Economy in Kharkiv, Ukraine
Prof. Vasil Simeonov – University of Sofia „St. Kliment Ohridski”, Bulgaria"
Prof. Tadeusz Siwiec – Warsaw University of Life Sciences – SGGW, Poland
Dr. Zdzisław Skutnik – Warsaw University of Life Sciences – SGGW, Poland
Dr. Karolina Smarzyńska – Institute of Technology and Life Science, Falenty, Poland
Prof. Jerzy Sobota – Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Mariusz Sojka – Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Reza Sokouti – West Azarbaijan Agricultural and Natural Resources Research and Training Center, AREEO, Uromieh, Iran
Prof. Joaquín Solana-Gutiérrez – Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Spain
Prof. Krystyna Solarek – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland
Assoc. Prof. Tatiana Solovey – Polish Geological Institute, Warsaw, Poland
Dr Piotr Sołowiej – University of Warmia and Mazury, Olsztyn, Poland
Dr Urszula Somorowska – University of Warsaw, Poland
Dr. Cristina Sorana Ionescu– Polytechnic University of Bucharest, Romania
Dr. Marcin Spychała – Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Piotr Stachowski – Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Radosław Stodolak – Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Dr Jan Szatyłowicz – Warsaw University of Life Sciences – SGGW, Poland
Prof. Szymon Szewrański – Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Wiesław Szulczewski – Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Assoc. Prof. Tomasz Szymczak – Institute of Technology and Life Science, Falenty, Poland
Dr. Anna Tofiluk – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland
Dr. Iryna Vaskina – Sumy State University, Sumy, Ukraine
Prof. Jan Vymazal – Czech University of Life Sciences, Prague, Czech Republic
Dr. Rafał Wawer – Institute of Soil Science and Plant Cultivation - State Research Institute, Puławy, Poland
Prof. Mirosław Wiatkowski – Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Joanna Wibig – University of Lodz, Łódź, Poland
Dr. Joanna Wicher-Dysarz – Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Ewelina Widelska – University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Poland
Dr Paweł Wilk – Polish Institute of Meteorology and Water Management, Warsaw, Poland
Dr. Justyna Wójcik-Leń – University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Poland
Dr. Krishna Yadav – Bundelkhand University Jhansi, India
Assoc. Prof. Işil Yildirim – Beykent Üniversitesi, Istanbul, Turkey
Dr. Ewa Zabłocka-Godlewska – Silesian University of Technology, Gliwice, Poland
Prof. Mariusz Zadworny – Czestochowa University of Technology, Poland
Assoc. Prof. Ewelina Zając – University of Agriculture in Krakow, Poland
Prof. Jan Zarzycki – University of Agriculture in Krakow, Poland
Prof. Jarosław Zawadzki – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland
Dr. Paweł Zawadzki – Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Bakenaz A. Zeidan – Tanta University, Egypt
Dr. Tomasz Zubala – University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Poland
Prof. Zbigniew Zwoliński – Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznań, Poland
Prof. Jacek Żarski – University of Science and Technology, Bydgoszcz, Poland
Dr. Miroslaw Żelazny – Jagiellonian University, Cracow, Poland
Prof. Andrzej Żyromski – Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Anna Źróbek-Sokolnik – University of Warmia and Mazury, Olsztyn, Poland

Journal of Water and Land Development – List of reviewers – 2018

Prof. Aminuddin Ab Ghani – Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia
Prof. Yahiaoui Abdelkrim – University of Bechar, Algeria
Prof. Habib Abida – University of Sfax, Tunisia
Prof. Mehush Aliu – University of Mitrovica, Albania
Dr. B. Boudad – Moulay Ismail University, Meknes, Morocco
Dr. Sofia Bahroun – Badji Mokhtar University of Annaba, Algeria
Assoc. Prof. Sławomir Bajkowski – Warsaw University of Life Sciences - SGGW, Poland
Dr. Łukasz Bąk – Kielce University of Technology, Kielce, Poland
Prof. Kazimierz Banasik – Warsaw University of Life Sciences - SGGW, Poland
Dr. Aliyu Salisu Barau – Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria
Prof. Icela Barcecó-Qiuntal – Metropolitan Autonomous University, Mexico City, Mexico
Dr. Kirk L. Barnett – Hawkesbury Institute for the Environment, Western Sydney University, Australia
Prof. Moussa Benhamza – Badji Mokhtar University, Annaba, Algeria
Prof. Tomasz Bergel – University of Agriculture in Krakow, Poland
Dr. Małgorzata Biniak-Pieróg – Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Jan Bondaruk – Central Mining Institute, Katowice, Poland
Prof. Zbigniew Brodziński – University of Warmia and Mazury, Olsztyn, Poland
Assoc. Prof. Krystyna Bryś – Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Science, Wrocław, Poland
Prof. Teresa Brzezińska-Wójcik – Maria Curie-Skłodowska University, Lublin, Poland
Prof. Piotr Bugajski – University of Agriculture of Krakow, Poland
Prof. Jerzy Bykowski – Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Vincent Chaplot – Pierre and Marie Curie Unversity – Paris 6, France
Prof. Bogdan Chojnicki – Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Wojciech Czekala – Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Robert Czerniawski – University of Szczecin, Poland
Prof. Przemyslaw Czerniejewski – West Pomeranian University of Technology in Szczecin, Poland
Assoc. Prof. Krzysztof Czerwionka – Gdańsk Uniwersity of Technology, Poland
Prof. Franciszek Czyżyk – Institute of Technology and Life Sciences. Falenty, Poland
Dr. Paweł Dąbek – Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Jolanta Dąbrowska – Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Ralf Dannowski – Leibniz Centre for Agricultural Land Use Research, Germany
Prof. Bożena Dębska – UTP University of Science and Technology, Bydgoszcz, Poland
Dr. Yousfi Djaffar – National Center for Space Technology, Algeria
Prof. Wojciech Dobicki – Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Rebecca S. Dodder – U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, North Carolina, United States
Dr. Tomasz Dysarz – Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Evens Emmanuel – Quisqueya University, Port-au-Prince, Haiti
Prof. Andrzej Eymontt – Institute of Technology and Life Sciences, Falenty, Poland
Prof. Tomasz Falkowski – Warsaw University of Life Sciences - SGGW, Poland
Prof. Krzysztof Fortuniak – University of Lodz, Łódź, Poland
Prof. Wiesław Gądek – Cracow University of Technology, Poland
Prof. Magdalena Gajewska – Gdansk University of Technology, Poland
Prof. Renata Gamrat – West Pomeranian University of Technology in Szczecin, Poland
Dr. Givi Gavardashvili – Georgian Water Managment Institute, Tbilisi, Georgia
Dr. Yevheniy Gerasimov – National University of Water and Environmental Engineering, Rivne, Ukraine
Dr. Abbas Gholami – Shoaml University, Amol, Iran
Prof. Daniela Gogoase Nistoran – University Politehnica of Bucharest, Romania
Dr. Iurii Golubinka – Lviv Polytechnic National University, Ukraine
Dr. Roopali V. Goyal – Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Institute of Technology, Vasad, India
Prof. Ryszard Gołdyn – Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznań, Poland
Prof. Jolanta Grochowska – University of Warmia and Mazury, Olsztyn, Poland
Dr. Jacek Grzyb – University of Agriculture of Krakow, Poland, Poland
Dr. Antoni Grzywna – University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Poland
Dr. Younes Hamed – Gafsa University, Tunisia
Prof. Eko Handayanto – University of Brawijaya, Indonesia
Dr. Helvi Heinonen-Tanski – University of Eastern Finland, Joensuu, Finland
Dr. Leszek Hejduk – Warsaw University of Life Sciences - SGGW, Poland
Prof. Beata Hejmanowska – AGH University of Science and Technology, Kraków, Poland
Prof. Piotr Ilnicki – Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Jerzy Jeznach – Warsaw University of Life Sciences - SGGW, Poland
Prof. Krzysztof Jóżwiakowski – University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Poland
Prof. Csaba Juhász – University of Debrecen, Hungary
Prof. Tibangayuka Kabanda – North West University, Potchefstroom, South Africa
Prof. Edmund Kaca – Warsaw University of Life Sciences - SGGW, Poland
Prof. Tomasz Kałuża - Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Andrzej Kapusta – Inland Fisheries Institute, Olsztyn, Poland
Dr. Nouha Kaouachi – Mouhamed Sherif Messaadia University of Souk-Ahras, Algeria
Dr. Willia Khati – University of Chadli Ben Djedid, El-Tarf, Algeria
Prof. Abdul Khan – University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan
Dr. Adam Kiczko – Warsaw University of Life Sciences - SGGW, Poland
Prof. Roman Kisiel – University of Warmia and Mazury, Olsztyn, Poland
Dr. Małgorzata Kleniewska – Warsaw University of Life Sciences – SGGW, Poland
Dr. Iwona Kłosok-Bazan – Opole University of Technology, Poland
Prof. Silvia Kohnová – Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava, Slovak Republic
Prof. Tomasz Kolerski – Gdańsk University of Technology, Poland
Prof. Marek Kopacz – AGH University of Science and Technology, Krakow, Poland
Prof. Pyotr Kovalenko – Ukrainian Academy of Agricultural Engineering and Land Reclamation, Kiev, Ukraine
Dr. Agnieszka Kowalczyk – Institute of Technology and Life Sciences, Falenty, Poland
Prof. Andrzej Krasiński – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland
Prof. Janusz Kubrak – Warsaw University of Life Sciences – SGGW, Poland
Dr. Karolina Kurek – University of Agriculture of Krakow, Poland, Poland
Dr. Rekha Kushwaha – University of Kentucky, Lexington, United States
Dr. Stanisław Lach –AGH University of Science and Technology, Krakow, Poland
Dr. Lenka Lackóová – Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, Slovak Republic
Dr. Günter Langergraber – University of Natural Resources and Applied Life Sciences, Vienna, Austria
Prof. Krzysztof Lejcuś – Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Przemysław Leń – University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Poland,
Prof. Jacek Leśny – Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Daniel Liberacki – Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Zhaoewei Liu – Tsinghua University, Beijing, China
Prof. Wiesława Lizińska – University of Warmia and Mazury, Olsztyn, Poland
Prof. Jurik Lubos – Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, Slovak Republic
Prof. Andrzej Łachacz – University of Warmia and Mazury, Olsztyn, Poland
Prof. Carmen Maftei – Ovidius University of Constanta, Romania
Prof. Artur Magnuszewski – University of Warsaw, Poland
Prof. Grzegorz Majewski – Warsaw University of Life Sciences – SGGW, Poland
Prof. Małgorzata Makowska – Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Krystyna Malińska – Czestochowa University of Technology, Poland
Prof. Jacky Mania – Lille 1 University, France
Prof. Petro Martynyuk – National University of Water and Environmental Engineering, Rivne, Ukraine
Prof. Viktor Maxin – National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine
Prof. Małgorzata Mazurek – Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznań, Poland
Dr. Jakub Mazurkiewicz – Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Jan Mazurkiewicz – Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Stanisław Mejza – Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Maria Teresa Melis – University of Cagliari, Italy
Prof. Marta Menéndez Fernández –University of León, Spain
Prof. Monika Mika – University of Agriculture in Krakow, Poland
Dr. Gabriel Minea –National Institute of Hydrology and Water Management, Bucharest, Romania
Prof. Sevastel Mircea – University of Agronomic Science and Veterinary Medicine, Bucharest, Romania
Dr. El-Hadj Mokhtari – University of Hassiba Ben Bouali, Chlef, Algeria
Dr. Piotr Moniewski – Regional Inspectorate of Environmental Protection in Lodz, Poland
Prof. Józef Mosiej – Warsaw University of Life Scieces – SGGW, Poland
Dr. Amitouche Mourad – M’Hamed Bouguerra University of Boumerdes, Algeria
Prof. Ismet Mulliqi – University of Mitrovica "Isa Boletini", Albania
Dr. Tommaso Musner –University of Padua, Italy
Prof. Fulbert Namwamba – Southern University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, United States
Prof. Abdelazim Mohamed Abdelhamid Negm – Zagazig University, Egypt
Prof. Irena Niedźwiecka-Filipiak – Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Kamil Nieścioruk – University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Poland
Dr. Witold Nocoń – Silesian University of Technology, Gliwice, Poland
Prof. Laftouhi Noureddine – Cadi Ayyad University, Marrakech, Morocco
Dr. Mojtaba Noury – Islamic Azad University, Malard Branch, Malard, Iran
Dr. Eugeniusz Nowocień – Institute of Soil Science and Plant Cultivation - State Research Institute, Puławy, Poland
Dr. Grzegorz Oleniacz – Rzeszow University of Technology, Poland
Prof. Beata Olszewska – Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Ednah Onyari –University of South Africa, Pretoria, South Africa
Dr. Agnieszka Operacz – University of Agriculture in Krakow, Poland
Prof. Bogdan Ozga-Zieliński – Institute of Meteorology and Water Management - State Research Institute, Warsaw, Poland
Prof. Katarzyna Pawęska – Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Jan Pawełek – University of Agriculture in Krakow, Poland
Prof. Jan Pawlak – Institute of Technology and Life Sciences, Falenty, Poland
Dr. Grzegorz Pęczkowski – Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Velta Persova – Latvian Agricultural University, Jelgava, Latvia
Prof. Edward Pierzgalski – Forest Research Institute, Sękocin, Poland
Prof. Stefan Pietrzak – Institute of Technology and Life Science, Falenty, Poland
Dr. Iwona Pińskwar – Institute for Agricultural and Forest Environment, Polish Academy of Sciences, Poznań, Poland
Prof. Karol Plesiński – University of Agriculture in Krakow, Poland
Prof. Ryszard Pokładek – Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Agnieszka Policht-Latawiec – University of Agriculture in Krakow, Poland
Prof. Zbigniew Popek – Warsaw University of Life Scieces – SGGW, Poland
Prof. Prakash D. Porey – Sardar Vallabhbhai National Institute of Technology, Surat; Indian Society for Hydraulics, Khadakwasla; Indian Society for Wind Engineering, India
Dr. Erik Querner – Querner Consult, Wageningen, Netherlands
Dr. S. Abdul Rahaman – Bharathidasan University, Tiruchirappalli, India
Prof. Tomasz Rozbicki – Warsaw University of Life Sciences – SGGW, Poland
Prof. Roman Rolbiecki - University of Science and Technology, Bydgoszcz, Poland
Master Suhaila Sahat – Universiti Tun Hussein Onn, Parit Raja, Malaysia
Dr. Roberto Serrano-Notivoli – University of Zaragoza, Spain
Prof. Abdol Aziz Shahraki – The Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden
Dr. Tamara Shevchenko –O.M. Beketov National University of Urban Economy in Kharkiv, Ukraine
Dr. Sergey Shevchuk – Institute of Water Problems and Land Reclamation of the National Academy of Agrarian Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine
Master Kodicherla Shiva Prashanth Kumar – Xi’an Jiaotong-Liverpool University, Suzhou, China
Prof. Vasil Simeonov – University of Sofia „St. Kliment Ohridski”, Bulgaria"
Prof. Umesh Singh – Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India
Prof. Tadeusz Siwiec – Warsaw University of Life Sciences – SGGW, Poland
Dr. Mirosław Skorbiłowicz – Bialystok University of Technology, Poland
Prof. Izabela Skrzypczak – Rzeszow University of Technology, Poland
Dr Andrzej Skwierawski – University of Warmia and Mazury, Olsztyn, Poland
Prof. Mariusz Sojka – Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Adam Sokołowski – University of Gdansk, Poland
Dr. Marcin Spychała – Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Zbigniew Sroka – Wrocław University of Science and Technology, Poland
Prof. Piotr Stachowski – Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Rafał Stasik – Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Ruzica Stricevic – University of Belgrade, Serbia
Prof. Bagong Suyanto – Airlangga University, Surabaya, Indonesia
Prof. Lech Szajdak – Institute for Agricultural and Forest Environment, Polish Academy of Sciences, Poznań, Poland
Prof. Szymon Szewrański – Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Wiesław Szulczewski – Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Maciej Szwast – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland
Prof. Tomasz Szymczak – Institute of Technology and Life Science, Falenty, Poland
Prof. Edmund Tomaszewski – University of Lodz, Łódź, Poland
Prof. Waldemar Treder – Research Institute of Horticulture, Skierniewice, Poland
Dr. Krzysztof Ukalski – Warsaw University of Life Sciences – SGGW, Poland
Dr. Andrés Vargas – Pontifical Xavierian University, Bogota, Colombia
Prof. Magdalena Vaverková – Mendel University in Brno, Czech Republic
Prof. Liana Vuta – University Politehnica of Bucharest, Romania
Dr. Raphael Wambua – Egerton University, Kenya
Dr. Rafał Wawer – Institute of Soil Science and Plant Cultivation - State Research Institute, Puławy, Poland
Prof. Mirosław Wiatkowski – Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Joanna Wibig – University of Lodz, Łódź, Poland
Dr. Joanna Wicher-Dysarz – Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Barbara Wiśniowska-Kielian – University of Agriculture in Krakow, Poland
Prof. Franciszek Woch – Institute of Soil Science and Plant Cultivation - State Research Institute, Puławy, Poland
Dr. Nurul hila Zainuddin – Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Malaysia
Prof. Jarosław Zawadzki – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland
Prof. Aziez Zeddouiri – University of Ouargla, Algeria
Prof. Abdel Razik Ahmed Zidan – Mansoura University, Egypt
Prof. Agnieszka Zwirowicz-Rutkowska – University of Warmia and Mazury, Olsztyn, Poland
Prof. Zbigniew Zwolinski – Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznań, Poland
Dr. Tymoteusz Zydroń – University of Agriculture in Krakow, Poland
Prof. Jacek Żarski –UTP University of Science and Technology, Bydgoszcz, Poland
Prof. Miroslaw Żelazny – Jagiellonian University, Cracow, Poland
Prof. Romuald Żmuda – Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Andrzej Żyromski – Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Anna Źróbek-Sokolnik – University of Warmia and Mazury, Olsztyn, Poland

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