Life Sciences and Agriculture

Journal of Water and Land Development

Content

Journal of Water and Land Development | 2022 | No 53 |

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Abstract

Realising the need for improving irrigation system management, the Bahr Sanhoor Canal (BSC) was selected as a case study, and the effect of covering a reach with a concrete box culvert where the irrigation canal passes through a crowded rural area on the efficiency of the canal system was examined. The field inspection of the canal system revealed multiple problems. Two alternatives for improving irrigation management were introduced. A local alternative was offered by applying a suitable numerical model to enhance the efficiency of the current status of the canal system, the water level upstream of the covered part reached 13.54 m, this solution will lower the water levels by approximately 2 m, which is below the bank levels at an affordable cost. Additionally, it will help to avoid the risk of inundating the adjacent residential area. A sustainable and environmental alternative was considered to offer a new path in which the covered reach passed outside the residential area. This alternative is permanent and sustainable. Although the proposed second path to the right of the residential area is the long-term recommendation and is sustainable, any path of flow to either the left or right of the BSC will be associated with initial high costs. The two proposed alternatives may help decision makers improve the performance of irrigation systems.
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Authors and Affiliations

Amir Sabry Ibrahim
1
ORCID: ORCID

  1. Civil Engineering Department, Benha Faculty of Engineering, Benha University, Benha, Egypt
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Abstract

Land suitability assessment is an important stage in land use planning that guides the direction of optimal land use. The objective of this study was to select a suitable location for settlements in earthquake-prone areas using the integration of the Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) and Geographical Information System (GIS). In total, six maps were considered to determine a suitable location for settlements, namely topography, soil, geology, land cover/land use, a regional spatial planning pattern map, and an earthquake vulnerability map. The results showed that in medium earthquake-prone areas, the suitable land area which are available for settlement was 90.25 km2 (46.36% of the total land area available – 194.68 km2). Whereas in highly earthquake-prone areas, the suitable and available land area was 528.11 km2 (70.25% of the total land area in the high vulnerability zone – 751.81 km2). The research proved that AHP and GIS integration is very effective and robust for mapping land suitability in earthquake-prone areas. The results of the analysis can be used by planners to prioritize settlement development in the Sukabumi regency. The methodology developed is recommended to be applied in selecting locations for settlements in other parts of Indonesia.
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Authors and Affiliations

Wiwin Ambarwulan
1
ORCID: ORCID
Irmadi Nahib
1
ORCID: ORCID
Widiatmaka Widiatmaka
2
ORCID: ORCID
Ratna Sari Dewi
1
ORCID: ORCID
Sri Lestari Munajati
1
ORCID: ORCID
Yatin Suwarno
1
Dewayany Sutrisno
1
ORCID: ORCID
Suprajaka Suprajaka
1

  1. Geospatial Information Agency, Centers for Research, Promotion and Cooperation, Jl Raya Jakarta Bogor KM 46 Cibinong, Bogor, West, 16911, Bogor, Indonesia
  2. Bogor Agricultural University (IPB University), Department of Soil Science and Land Resources, Bogor, Indonesia
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Abstract

One of the main causes of damage to weirs regulating the flow of water in canals is local erosion of the bottom and banks. This is mainly due to the excessive kinetic energy of the stream flow and the uneven volumetric distribution of the water flow rate at the end of the strengthening. Due to this, 35–40% of hydraulic structures fail prematurely. The aim of the research was to determine the parameters of the spatial hydraulic jump arising behind the hydrotechnical structure and the rapid expansion of the cross-section. The research showed that the hydraulic jump with a curved cylinder in the plan is a spatial form and not only dissipates the energy of the stream, but also acts as a diffuser. With the stream expansion angle values in the range of 7–10°, a highly turbulent flow remains, which still has high kinetic energy at a distance from the end of the structure. At an angle of 25–27°, the flow is smooth, the velocity distribution is uniform across the width of the channel. In some cases, the forced expansion of the cross-section at the outflow of the weir favours the energy dissipation and uniform flow velocity distribution.
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Authors and Affiliations

Zhuzbay Kassymbekov
1
Abai Shinibaev
1
Galimzhan Kassymbekov
1

  1. Satbayev University, Satpayev Str., 22, Almaty, 050013, Kazakhstan
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Abstract

In Vietnam, drought has been occurring persistently and in very complicated patterns, with a great impact on the water, energy, and food security nexus and regional development sustainability. The uncertainty surrounding annual water resources in combination with the low reliability of interbasin water transfer (IBWT) operations is the key driver of water deficits in several affected regions. This study aims to assess the impacts of four big IBWT projects in the Central Highlands of Vietnam, based on a proposed matrix of five evaluation criteria to quantify related impacts and to draw out lessons learned for future development of IBWT. The proposed criteria matrix was formulated on the basis of intensive reviews of IBWT assessments worldwide and relevant Vietnamese laws in force. The impacts were analysed and quantified mainly based on assessment of their operational database and water balance simulations for donor and recipient river basins in current and future states. The results show that the studied IBWT projects did not fully satisfy the proposed criteria set, all project did not meet the criteria of benefit sharing and information transparency; noticeably the Don Duong project fulfilled only one from five. Four lessons were determined for proper planning in river basins, flexibility in system design for unknown future, inadequate environmental impact assessment and delay in enactment of policies for IBWT project management. The results provide sound knowledge to revise the existing projects in the Central Highlands and procedures for impact assessment and approval of new IBWT systems.
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Authors and Affiliations

Dang Thi Kim Nhung
1
ORCID: ORCID
Nguyen Van Manh
1
ORCID: ORCID
Nguyen Quang Kim
2

  1. Institute of Water Resources Planning, Division for Water Resources Planning for South Central and Central Highland Region, 162A Tran Quang Khai, Hoan Kiem, 100000, Hanoi, Vietnam
  2. Thuy Loi University (TLU), Hanoi, Vietnam
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Abstract

Quality assessment of shallow groundwater table is very important because it is the water that recharges deeper aquifers and constantly feeds the water levels of our surface streams and wetlands. Continuous monitoring of large number of quality parameters is essential for effective maintenance of water quality through appropriate control measures. However, it is very difficult and laborious task for regular monitoring of all the parameters even if adequate manpower and laboratory facilities are available. Therefore, this study presents the statistical analysis of physico- chemical parameters (pH, EC, TDS, Na, K, Ca, Mg, HCO3, Cl, CO3, SO4, TH, B, F) using correlation and Principal Component Analysis. The statistical analysis of the groundwater quality variables indicated that most of the variables are highly correlated. The strong correlation is an opportunity to develop a regression equation and monitor using few parameters. This provides an easy and rapid method of continuous groundwater quality monitoring. Moreover, groundwater of the area showed significant compositional variation. The compositional variability has implications for the source and origin of groundwater quality in the study area.
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Authors and Affiliations

Megersa Olumana Dinka
1
ORCID: ORCID

  1. University of Johannesburg, Faculty of Engineering and the Built Environment, Department of Civil Engineering Sciences, PO Box 524, Auckland Park, 2006 Johannesburg, South Africa
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Abstract

Atmospheric precipitation is the major input to the soil water balance. Its amount, intensity, and temporal distribution have an indubitable influence on soil moisture. The aim of the study (conducted in the years 2010–2013) was to evaluate soil water balance in an apple orchard as determined by daily rainfall. The amount and intensity of rainfall and daily evapotranspiration were measured using an automatic weather station. Changes in soil water content was carried out using capacitance probes placed at a depth of 20, 40 and 60 cm. The most common were single events of rainfall of up to 0.2 mm, while 1.3–3.6 mm rains delivered the greatest amount of water. A significant correlation was found between the amount of daily rainfall and changes in water content of individual soil layers. The 15–45 cm and 15–65 cm layers accumulated the greatest amount of high rainfall. The study showed a significant influence of the initial soil moisture on changes in the water content of the analysed layers of the soil profile. The lower its initial moisture content was, the more rainwater it was able to accumulate.
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Authors and Affiliations

Waldemar Treder
1
Krzysztof Klamkowski
1
Anna Tryngiel-Gać
1
Katarzyna Wójcik
1

  1. The National Institute of Horticultural Research, ul. Konstytucji 3 Maja 1/3, 96-100 Skierniewice, Poland
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Abstract

The article presents an assessment of the effects of anthropogenic activities on the quality of water in four streams flowing through a camp based on a combined assessment of environmental impacts and the water quality index. The quantitative and qualitative assessment of environmental impact was made after identifying the anthropogenic activities carried out in the camp. The water quality index ( WQI) was calculated after monitoring seventeen physicochemical and microbiological variables and the Montoya index was applied. The samples were collected during 48 sampling campaigns, organised over the period of six months in eight stations. Two stations were located in each stream, one before and one after it passed through the camp. The results indicated that streams 1, 3, and 4 show a slight deterioration in water quality, affected by anthropogenic activities carried out in the said camp; meanwhile, stream 2 shows an increasing deterioration in water quality. The water quality of the streams before passing through the camp was determined to be between “uncontaminated” and “acceptable”, while after passing through the camp it was classified between “acceptable” and “slightly contaminated”. The results indicated a non-significant difference between the downstream and upstream WQI values for streams 1, 3, and 4; while stream 2 did show a significant difference in the WQI between upstream and downstream; indicating that anthropogenic activities alter the quality of the water.
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Authors and Affiliations

Fernando García-Ávila
1
ORCID: ORCID
Magaly Jiménez-Ordóñez
1
Jessica Torres-Sánchez
1
Sergio Iglesias-Abad
2
ORCID: ORCID
Rita Cabello Torres
3
ORCID: ORCID
César Zhindón-Arévalo
4
ORCID: ORCID

  1. Universidad de Cuenca, Facultad de Ciencias Químicas, Cuenca, 010107, Ecuador
  2. Universidad Católica de Cuenca, Carrera de Ingeniería Ambiental, Ecuador
  3. Universidad César Vallejo, Professional School of Environmental Engineering, Lima, Perú
  4. Universidad Católica de Cuenca, Unidad Académica de Salud y Bienestar, Sede Azogues, Ecuador
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Abstract

Previous researchers have been widely studied the equation for calculating the energy dissipation in USBR Type IV, applied in the stilling basin structure as an energy dissipator. However, inefficient energy dissipating basins are commonly found in the field due to the large discharge and high water head, potentially damaging the bottom of the energy dissipating basin and its downstream river. Therefore, an energy dissipator plan fulfilling the safe specifications for the flow behaviour that occurred is required. This study aimed to determine the variation of the energy dissipators and evaluate their effect on the hydraulic jump and energy dissipation. For this purpose, a physical model was undertaken on the USBR Type IV spillway system. The novelty of this experiment showed that combination and modification dissipation features, such as floor elevation, end threshold and riprap lengthening, could effectively dissipate the impact of energy downstream. The final series exhibited a significantly higher Lj/y1 ratio, a favourable condition due to the compaction of the hydraulic jump. There was also a significant increase in the downstream tailwater depth (y2) during the jump formation. Therefore, the final series energy dissipator was better in the stilling basin design for hydraulic jump stability and compaction. The increase in energy dissipation for the final series type was the highest (98.4%) in Q2 and the lowest (84.8%) in Q10 compared to the original series. Therefore, this type can better reduce the cavitation risk damaging to the structure and downstream of the river.
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Authors and Affiliations

Alfiansyah Yulianur Bantacut
1
ORCID: ORCID
Azmeri Azmeri
1
ORCID: ORCID
Faris Zahran Jemi
2
ORCID: ORCID
Ziana Ziana
1
ORCID: ORCID
Muslem Muslem
1

  1. Universitas Syiah Kuala, Faculty of Engineering, Civil Engineering Department, Syech Abdur-Rauf No 7, Darussalam, 23111, Banda Aceh, Indonesia
  2. Universitas Syiah Kuala, Faculty of Engineering, Electrical Engineering Department, Banda Aceh, Indonesia
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Abstract

Water scarcity is a phenomenon that is occurring more and more frequently in larger areas of Europe. As a result of drought, there are significant drops in yields. As demand for food continues to rise, it is becoming necessary to bring about a substantial increase in crop production. The best solution to water scarcity appears to be irrigation for crops that are particularly sensitive to drought. Today, many technical solutions are used to supply and distribute water to crops. The optimal solution is drip irrigation, which makes it possible to deliver water directly to the plant root system to save melting freshwater resources. In the article special attention was paid to methods of supplying electricity to power irrigation pumps. The analysis was made for areas with a significant distance between the agricultural land and the urbanised area (which has water and electricity). The authors have selected the parameters of an off-grid photovoltaic mini-hydropower plant with energy storage (with a power of 1.36 kW). An analysis was made of the profitability of such an investment and a comparison with other types of power supply. Based on the performed calculations, a prototype power supply system equipped with photovoltaic panels was made to show the real performance of the proposed system. The tests carried out showed that the irrigation pump will be powered most of the time with a voltage whose parameters will be very close to the nominal ones.
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Authors and Affiliations

Zbigniew Skibko
1
ORCID: ORCID
Wacław Romaniuk
2
ORCID: ORCID
Andrzej Borusiewicz
3
ORCID: ORCID
Stanisław Derehajło
3
ORCID: ORCID

  1. Bialystok University of Technology, Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Wiejska 45 D, 15-351 Białystok, Poland
  2. Institute of Technology and Life Sciences – National Research Insitute, Falenty, Poland
  3. The Higher School of Agribusiness in Łomża, Poland
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Abstract

The purpose of the research is to summarise quantitative characteristics and to analyse the spatial distribution of artificial water bodies as anthropogenic fragmentation elements of medium and small rivers within the Dnipropetrovsk Region, Ukraine. The paper uses current data pertaining to existing reservoirs and mineralisation of water in rivers. Comparison included quantitative characteristics, water surface area, and the volume water in ponds and reservoirs. It has been established that although the total ratio was 97% for ponds to 3% for reservoirs, whereas their water surface area 48%, and the volume of water stored only 23% of the total resources. The paper shows the inexpediency and low efficiency of using ponds as water reservoirs feeding small rivers. Increasing the number of ponds in the river basin has a negative impact on the quality of water resources, in particular, by increasing water mineralisation – total dissolved solids ( TDS). Depending on the river, the following indicator of river basin fragmentation has been determined: 6–20 reservoirs per 100 km2 of the river catchment area, and on average 18–36 ponds and reservoirs are built for every 100 km of the river in relation to the length of the hydrographic network. It has shown the regularity of growing water mineralisation due to the fragmentation of rivers by a large number of artificial reservoirs. A strong correlation between regulation and fragmentation of river basins has been established (coefficient of determination R 2 ranges from 0.72 to 0.91). It proves the possibility to estimate the degree of change (increase) of water mineralisation based on the water flow coefficient K w and the river fragmentation coefficient K s fr in the Dnipropetrovsk Region. The paper offers ways of further research for planning and implementation of a water management strategy concerning ecologically safe levels of water use in small and medium-sized river basins.
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Authors and Affiliations

Hennadii Hapich
1
ORCID: ORCID
Vasyly Andrieiev
2
ORCID: ORCID
Volodymyr Kovalenko
1
ORCID: ORCID
Tatiana Makarova
1
ORCID: ORCID

  1. Dnipro State Agrarian and Economic University, Faculty of Water Management Engineering and Ecology, Serhiia Yefremova St, 25, Dnipro, Dnipropetrovs’ka oblast, 49600, Ukraine
  2. Institute for Nature Management Problems and Ecology, Dnipro, Ukraine
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Abstract

Soil erosion has been severely affecting soil and water resources in semi-arid areas like the Mediterranean. In Morocco, this natural process is accelerated by anthropogenic activities, such as unsustainable soil management, overgrazing, and deforestation. With a drainage area of 395,600 ha, the Bouregreg River Watershed extends from the Middle Atlas Range (Jebel Mtourzgane) to the Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah (SMBA) dam reservoir south-east of Rabat. Its contrasted eco-geomorphological landscapes make it susceptible to unprecedented soil erosion due to climate change. Resulting changes in erosive dynamics led to huge amounts of solid loads transported to the catchment outlet and, thus, jeopardised the SMBA dam lifespan due to siltation.
The research aims to quantify the average annual soil losses in this watershed using the Revised Universal Equation of Soil Losses (RUSLE) within a GIS environment. To highlight shifts in land use/land cover patterns and their effects on erosional severity, we have resorted to remote sensing through two Landsat 8 satellite images captured in 2004 and 2019. The C factor was combined with readily available local data regarding major erosion factors, e.g. rainfall aggressiveness ( R), soil erodibility ( K), topography ( LS), and conservation practices ( P). The helped to map the erosion hazard and determine erosion prone areas within the watershed where appropriate water and conservation measures are to be considered. Accordingly, from 2004 to 2019, average annual soil losses increased from 11.78 to 18.38 t∙ha –1∙y –1, as the watershed area affected by strong erosion (>30 t∙ha –1∙y –1) evolved from 13.57 to 39.39%.

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Authors and Affiliations

Fouad Moudden
1
Mohammed El Hafyani
1
Anas El Ouali
2
Allal Roubil
1
Abdelhadi El Ouali
1
ORCID: ORCID
Ali Essahlaoui
1
ORCID: ORCID
Youssef Brouziyne
3

  1. Moulay Ismail University, Faculty of Sciences, Department of Geology, Laboratory of Geoengineering and Environment, Research Group “Water Sciences and Environment Engineering, Zitoune, Meknes BP11201, Morocco
  2. Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Functional Ecology and Environmental Engineering Laboratory, Fez, Morocco
  3. Mohammed VI Polytechnic University, International Water Research Institute, Ben Guerir, Morocco
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Abstract

Rainfall forecast information is important for the planning and management of water resources and agricultural activities. Turksvygbult rainfall near the Magoebaskloof Dam (South Africa) has never been modelled and forecasted. Hence, the objective of this study was to forecast its monthly rainfall using the SARIMA model. GReTL and automatic XLSTAT software were used for forecasting. The trend of the long-term rainfall time series (TS) was tested by Mann–Kendall and its stationarity was proved by various unit root tests. The TS data from Oct 1976 to Sept 2015 were used for model training and the remaining data (Oct 2015 to Sept 2018) for validation. Then, all TS (Oct 1976 to Sept 2018) were used for out of sample forecasting. Several SARIMA models were identified using correlograms that were derived from seasonally differentiated TS. Model parameters were derived by the maximum likelihood method. Residual correlogram and Ljung–Box Q tests were used to check the forecast accuracy. Based on minimum Akaike information criteria (AI) value of 5642.69, SARIMA (2, 0, 3) (3, 1, 3) 12 model was developed using GReTL as the best of all models. SARIMA (1, 0, 1) (3, 1, 3) 12, with minimum AI value of 5647.79, was the second-best model among GReTl models. This second model was also the first best automatically selected model by XLSTAT. In conclusion, these two best models can be used by managers for rainfall forecasting and management of water resources and agriculture, and thereby it can contribute to economic growth in the study area. Hence, the developed SARIMA forecasting procedure can be used for forecasting of rainfall and other time series in different areas.
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Authors and Affiliations

Kassahun Birhanu Tadesse
1
ORCID: ORCID
Megersa Olumana Dinka
1
ORCID: ORCID

  1. University of Johannesburg, Faculty of Engineering and the Built Environment, Department of Civil Engineering Sciences, PO Box 524, Auckland Park, 2006 Johannesburg, South Africa
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Abstract

The pot experiment was conducted to access the soil microorganisms biomass (physiological method – Substrate Induced Respiration) and emissions of N2O, CO2 and CH4 (photoacoustic infrared detection method), and grasses biomass (weight method). The obtained results of analysed gases were converted to CO2 equivalent. There was no effect of the microorganisms biomass on the N2O emissions. The increase in CO2 emissions was accompanied by an increase in the microorganisms biomass (r = 0.48) under the conditions of the I swath and acid soil reaction, as well as the II swath and neutral reaction ( r = 0.94). On the other hand, in the case of CH4 emission, such a relationship was noted both swaths under the conditions of neutral reaction ( r = 0.51), but a negative correlation ( r = –0.71) was noted for the acid reaction only at the II swath. The increase in the grasses biomass with the increase in the microorganisms biomass was recorded only at the II swath in neutral reaction ( r = 0.91). In a short period of time, with the neutral soil reaction with the increase in the soil microorganisms biomass, an increase in CO2 sequestration and biomass of cultivated grasses was noted. Information on the determination of the microorganisms groups responsible mainly for the transformation of carbon compounds and CO2 and CH4 emissions from the soils of grasslands would be valuable scientifically.
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Authors and Affiliations

Renata Gamrat
1
ORCID: ORCID
Małgorzata Gałczyńska
1
ORCID: ORCID
Adam Brysiewicz
2
ORCID: ORCID

  1. West Pomeranian University of Technology in Szczecin, al. Piastów 17, 70-310 Szczecin, Poland
  2. Institute of Technology and Life Sciences – National Research Institute, Falenty, Poland
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Abstract

In the present study, the removal capacity of Pb(II) ions was investigated using the biomass of dried cattle manure in an aqueous solution. The biomaterials were characterized using Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and Energy-Dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy (EDS) techniques. The results reveal that the adsorption mechanism may be associated with the interaction between Pb(II) ions and functional groups through aggregation, coordination, ion exchange, microprecipitation, oxidation, and hydrophobicity. The bio-adsorption of the metal was analysed in discontinuous tests; the effect of temperature, pH, agitation, and adsorbent dose was evaluated. The maximum adsorption capacity was determined at pH 7.5, 18°C and 200 rpm. The bio-adsorption of Pb(II) was best fitted to the pseudo-second order model. The experimental data of the isotherm were adjusted to the models of Langmuir, Freundlich and Dubinin–Radushkevich; while Langmuir’s model related better to the experimental data forming a single layer at saturation. The rate of adsorption was rapid, reaching equilibrium after 25 min and removal of 96.8%. Thermodynamic parameters determined that the process was viable, spontaneous, and exothermic. The present study contributes mainly to demonstrating that a biomaterial prepared from bovine manure is a promising adsorbent for heavy metals such as Pb(II). It also reduces the environmental impact of this waste through the generation of greenhouse gases in countries that maintain intensive livestock. Another important aspect is the reduction of the micro- and macronutrients accumulation in soil and contamination of surface waters and aquifers by runoff and seepage during rainy periods.
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Authors and Affiliations

Candelaria Tejada-Tovar
1
ORCID: ORCID
Humberto Bonilla-Mancilla
2
ORCID: ORCID
Rodrigo Ortega Toro
3
ORCID: ORCID
Ángel Villabona-Ortíz
1
ORCID: ORCID
Manuel Díaz-Illanes
2
ORCID: ORCID

  1. Universidad de Cartagena, Department of Chemical Engineering, Cartagena de Indias, Colombia
  2. Universidad Nacional del Centro del Perú, Faculty of Forestry and Environmental Sciences, Huancayo, Peru
  3. Universidad de Cartagena, Department of Food Engineering, Av. del Consulado St. 30 No. 48-152, 130001, Cartagena de Indias, Colombia
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Abstract

This study aimed at evaluating water quality of groundwater wells (GWWs) in Wadi Shati, Libya, and assessing its suitability for drinking. Water samples were collected from 17 GWWs and subjected to laboratory testing for 24 physical and chemical water quality parameters (WQPs). Analysis uncovered that the recorded values of 11 WQPs were consistent with the Libyan drinking water quality standard (DWQS). These parameters were pH, temperature (T), acidity, alkalinity, electrical conductivity (EC), sodium, potassium, calcium, magnesium, zinc, and cadmium. However, values of colour and turbidity exceeded the maximum levels set by the Libyan DWQS at five out of the 17 study wells. Likewise, concentrations of chloride (Cl ), sulphate (SO 4 2−), and ammonia (NH3) violated the local DWQS in three locations, each. Additionally, concentrations of phosphate (PO 4 3−), iron, manganese, chromium, and nickel exceeded their maximum allowable concentrations according to the Libyan DWQS. The levels of these five parameters are alarming. Overall, the 17 studied GWWs suffer from varying levels of pollution that, mostly, arise from domestic and agricultural sources, e.g., septic tank seepage and agricultural drainage of agro-chemicals like fertilisers and pesticides. The results of this study emphasise that routine monitoring of groundwater resources plays a vital role in their sustainable management and stresses that water quality data are critical for characterisation of pollution, if any, and for protection of human health and ecosystem safety. Our results serve as guideline for sustainable management of water quality in the Wadi Shati District.
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Authors and Affiliations

Omar Asad Ahmad
1
ORCID: ORCID
Nabeel M. Gazzaz
2
ORCID: ORCID
Amnah Khair Alshebani
3

  1. Amman Arab University, Faculty of Engineering, Jordan Street, 11953, Amman, Jordan
  2. Jarash University, Faculty of Agriculture and Science, Jordan
  3. Sebha University, Faculty of Environmental Sciences, Libya
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Abstract

Surface and groundwater resources are two important sources in meeting agricultural, urban, and industrial needs. Random supply of surface water resources has prevented these resources from being a reliable source of water supply at all times. Therefore, groundwater acts as insurance in case of water shortage, and maintaining the quality of these resources is very important. On the other hand, studying vulnerability and identifying areas prone to aquifer pollution seems necessary for the development and optimal management of these valuable resources. Identifying the vulnerabilities of the aquifer areas to pollution will lead to a greater focus on preserving those areas. Therefore, groundwater quality assessment was performed in this study using the groundwater quality index (GQI), and groundwater vulnerability to pollution was assessed using the DRASTIC index. GQI is developed based on the values of six quality parameters (Na +, Mg 2+, Ca 2+, SO 42–, Cl, and TDS). The DRASTIC index is developed based on the values of seven parameters (depth to the water table, net recharge, aquifer media, soil media, topography, impact of vadose zone, hydraulic conductivity). The zoning of both indexes has been done using geographic information system (GIS) software. The results show that the GQI of the region was about 93, and its DRASTIC index was about 86. Therefore, the quality of aquifer groundwater is excellent, and its vulnerability to pollution is low.
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Authors and Affiliations

Siti Mardiana
1
ORCID: ORCID
Rabeya Anzum
2
ORCID: ORCID
Ngakan Ketut Acwin Dwijendra
3
ORCID: ORCID
Ahmad Azhar Mansoor Al Sarraf
4
ORCID: ORCID
Anton Timoshin
5
ORCID: ORCID
Elena Sergushina
6
ORCID: ORCID
Iskandar Muda
7
ORCID: ORCID
Natalia Zhilnikova
8
ORCID: ORCID
Yasser Fakri Mustafa
9
ORCID: ORCID
Evgeny Tikhomirov
10
ORCID: ORCID

  1. Universitas Medan Area, Faculty of Agriculture, Medan, 20223, North Sumatera, Indonesia
  2. International Islamic University, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  3. Udayana University, Faculty of Engineering, Bali, Indonesia
  4. Sawah University, College of Health and Medical Technology, Department of Medical Laboratory, Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research, Al-Muthanna, Samawa, Iraq
  5. I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (Sechenov University), Department of Propaedeutics of Dental Diseases, Russia
  6. National Research Ogarev Mordovia State University, Republic of Mordovia, Saransk, Russia
  7. Universitas Sumatera Utara, Faculty Economic and Business, Department of Doctoral Program, Medan, Indonesia
  8. Saint Petersburg State University of Aerospace Instrumentation (SUAI), Institute of Fundamental Training and Technological Innovations, Russia
  9. University of Mosul, College of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Iraq
  10. Bauman Moscow State Technical University, Department of Economics and Management, Russia
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Abstract

Today, the uncontrolled abstraction of surface water and groundwater resources has created adverse consequences, which include: extinction of living organisms, land subsidence, salinity of coastal aquifers, increased pumping energy. Therefore, the need to manage available water resources is felt more than ever. Among the various water uses (agriculture, drinking, and industry), agriculture accounts for the bulk of water consumption. Due to the climate change and the growing population, determining the appropriate strategy and technology for irrigation is necessary. In the current study, a simulation model is used to numerically simulate the dynamics of daily soil moisture during the potato crop growing season and to estimate crop production and economic benefits. For climatic data, daily observations of a meteorological station have been used. Results and analyses have been presented for all cases of micro and traditional irrigation methods and agricultural management strategies of non-stress irrigation, low irrigation, and rainfed cultivation. The results showed that in the non-stress irrigation method, crop production and net profit are almost equal in both traditional and micro methods. In the low irrigation method, microtechnology has made crop production and net profit 1.75 times more than traditional technology, which indicates the impact of irrigation technology on crop production.
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Authors and Affiliations

Ngakan Ketut Acwin Dwijendra
1
ORCID: ORCID
Zaheer Abbas
2
ORCID: ORCID
Mahmood Salih Salih
3
ORCID: ORCID
Maria Jade Catalan Opulencia
4
ORCID: ORCID
Larisa Morozova
5
Elena S. Sergushina
6
ORCID: ORCID
Muhammad Noor Asnan
7
ORCID: ORCID
Mustafa Mohammed Kadhim
8 9
Manoharan Kavitha
10
ORCID: ORCID

  1. Udayana University, Faculty of Engineering, Kampus Bukit, Jl. Raya Kampus Unud Jimbaran, Kec. Kuta Sel., Kabupaten Badung, Bali 80361, Indonesia
  2. GIFT University, Gujranwala, Pakistan
  3. University of Anbar, Upper Euphrates Basin Developing Center, Ramadi, Iraq
  4. College of Business Administration, Ajman University, Ajman, United Arab Emirates
  5. Kurgan State Agricultural Academy by T.S. Maltsev, Faculty of Biotechnology, Lesnikovo village, Russia
  6. National Research Ogarev Mordovia State University, Republic of Mordovia, Saransk, Russia
  7. Universitas Muhammadiyah Kalimantan Timur, Faculty of Science and Engineering, Samarinda, Indonesia
  8. Al-Kut University College, Kut, Iraq
  9. The Islamic University, College of Technical Engineering, Najaf, Iraq
  10. Saveetha University, Saveetha School of Engineering, Department of ECE, Chennai, India
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Abstract

Challenges with respect to potable water supply in Vhembe District threaten the health and welfare of local community. This paper is aimed at assessing the challenges and residents’ coping strategies to improve the potable water supply systems in rural areas in Vhembe District Municipality (VDM). Data for this paper was collected from households, councillors, traditional leaders and municipal officials through questionnaires, interviews and focus-group discussions. Qualitative and quantitative research methods were used and thematic content analysis and descriptive statistics were used to analyse data. The results showed that the main sources of water are ground water from boreholes which are used by about 45.3% of the communities, followed by tap water from the dams, by 35.3%, then rivers by 4.0%, fountains by 5.4% and water tankers by 10.0%. Among the identified challenges are: aged water infrastructure, system breakdowns, lack of funding, vandalism of infrastructure and lack of maintenance, operation of infrastructure by unskilled technicians, theft, and non-payment of water services, among others. To cope with water supply challenges, the study recommended that communities play active role in water projects which would include paying of water supply service for its sustainability. They should also play active roles in water committees that will manage, operate and maintain the water supply with the assistance of VDM officials. It was concluded that the rural water supply situation can be improved when communities, government and other relevant stakeholders cooperate and provide solutions and resources.
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Authors and Affiliations

Tuwani Petrus Malima
1
ORCID: ORCID
Beata Kilonzo
1
ORCID: ORCID
Jethro Zuwarimwe
1
ORCID: ORCID

  1. University of Venda, Institute of Rural Development, School of Agriculture, P.O. Box x5050 Thohoyandou 0950, South Africa
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Abstract

At present, Pakistan has been facing acute shortage of irrigation water and farmers have been using conventional irrigation methods for orchards, such as flood and basin irrigation, thus wasting huge amount of fresh water. Therefore, it is necessary to find efficient irrigation methods to cope with this major burning issue. The micro drip irrigation method is considered efficient but in the case of mango orchards there is a problem of irrigation frequency, number of emitters, and duration of flow from emitters to meet water demand. Considering the above, an experiment was conducted in the experimental field of the Sindh Agriculture University, Tandojam, by installing the drip system with two circular peripheries of lateral lines in clay loam soil covering the entire canopy of a mature mango tree. The radius of the first and second periphery around the tree trunk was 100 cm and 150 cm, respectively. Four emitters with 4 dm3∙h –1 discharge of individual dipper were fixed in each periphery. Emitters were tested for six different irrigation times, i.e. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 h, to observe the moisture distribution pattern. Hydraulic characteristics, such as density, field capacity, porosity, infiltration rate, available water and permanent wilting point (PWP), were determined using standard methods (1.4 g∙cm –3, 33%, 49%, 8 mm∙h –1, 12.41% and 20% respectively). The texture class of the soil profile was determined as clay loam at the soil depth 0–120 cm. Fifty soil samples were collected at 0–10, 10– 30, 30–60, 60–90, and 90–120 cm depths and at 0–20, 20–40, 40–60, 60–80 and 80–100 cm distances on two opposite sides of emitters. The emitters provided sufficient moisture up to field capacity in clay loam soil with flow duration of 4 h. The maximum moisture distribution efficiency was 77.89% with flow duration of 4 h at vertical depth of 0–120 cm and 0–100 cm distance horizontally among four emitters as compared to 1, 2, 3 h flow duration which under irrigated the canopy area and 5, 6 h flow duration which excessively irrigated the canopy area of the mango tree. The water demand of the mango tree was met by 4 h flow duration which provided adequate moisture to the entire canopy up to 120 cm depth in the root zone and water saving was calculated as 15.91% under the installed drip irrigation system as compared with the conventional (basin) irrigation method.
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Authors and Affiliations

Shoukat Ali Soomro
1
ORCID: ORCID
Muhammad Saffar Mirjat
1
Munir Ahmed Mangrio
1
Mashooque Ali Talpur
1

  1. Sindh Agriculture University, Tandojam, Faculty of Agricultural Engineering, 70060, Hyderabad, Pakistan
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Abstract

The 15th of United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) aims to protect, restore, and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss. This paper investigates the approach adopted by indigenous peoples for conservation of woody plant species diversity in some selected spots in Abia State, Southeastern Nigeria.
Relying on mixed method approach to research, data collection comprising field observation, ground truthing, plant species inventory, and key-informant interviews and analysis of data, two spots were purposively sampled, one from each of the two LGAs; Mbom in Bende LGA and Amangwu in Ohafia Local Government Area (LGA). A 50 × 20 m quadrat was sampled from each site, from where plant species inventory was undertaken. Shannon– Wiener diversity index (H’) was used to analyse the data.
The result of Shannon–Wiener diversity index, shows that the diversity indices of the plant species for the two sites were 3.20 (Mbom) and 3.95 (Amangwu) respectively. The people of Bende and Ohafia LGAs employ some traditional laws to ensure conservation of woody plant species so as to achieve goal 15th of the SDGs. This paper advocates sustenance of those traditional laws that encourage conservation of woody plant species in the study area with enforceable sanctions to deter defaulters.
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Authors and Affiliations

Godson Chinonyerem Asuoha
1
ORCID: ORCID
Uchenna Paulinus Okafor
1
ORCID: ORCID
Chukwuemeka Anthony Onyekwelu
1
ORCID: ORCID
Romanus Udegbunam Ayadiuno
1
ORCID: ORCID
Philip Ogbonnia Phil-Eze
1
ORCID: ORCID

  1. University of Nigeria, Department of Geography, Faculty of the Social Sciences, Nsukka Road, 410001 Nsukka, Nigeria
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Abstract

The mean flow characteristics in a curved channel are really different from those in a straight channel. The main cause is the existence of secondary flow within the flow in the curved channel. This paper will discuss the differences in mean flow characteristics due to changes in the bed topography in the curved channel. Acoustic Doppler Velocimetry (ADV) measurements have helped to analyse characteristics of the mean flow on flat and eroded beds in a 180° curved channel. Sand (mean diameter d 50 = 0.001 m and specific gravity Gs = 2.65) was selected as the bed material. The condition of flow in the approach section was steady and uniform with 0.159 m depth. One of the mean flow characteristics in the curved channel is the free surface superelevation due to the presence of centrifugal force. The second is the circular motion toward the inner-bank region at the lower layer and toward the upper layer outer-bank region. The cause of the circulation is the difference in centrifugal forces between the two layers. The magnitude of velocity near the bed surface is more significant than the flow near the water surface. This causes erosion in the outer bank region and deposition in the inner bank region. In general, tangential velocity vθ in flat bed is greater than its tangential velocity in eroded bed. The maximum velocity path in a flat and eroded bed of the curved channel resembles a sinusoidal curve, where the minimum value is located at 90° and 120° of the curve.
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Authors and Affiliations

Sumiadi Sumiadi
1
ORCID: ORCID
Moh Abduh
2
ORCID: ORCID

  1. University of Brawijaya, Jl. Veteran, Ketawanggede, Malang 65145, Indonesia
  2. Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang, Malang, Indonesia
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Abstract

Iraq has been suffering from decreasing Euphrates discharge due to the construction of dams within upstream countries and the use of surface irrigation systems. The country is facing a problem with meeting the increasing demand for water as a result of population growth and development in the industrial and agricultural sectors. Therefore, a simulation modelling was applied for western Iraq (Ramadi city as a case study) using the Water Evaluation and Planning System (WEAP) for the period 2018–2035. This research follows a four-step approach that involves: (i) evaluating the available water of the Euphrates River under declined water imports caused by the construction of dams in Turkey and Syria, (ii) assessing present and future water demands of the domestic, industrial, and agricultural sectors, (iii) improving water productivity (WP) by means of saving more water, (iv) estimating the economic returns under improved water use. The results showed that Iraq would face a serious problem in the coming years, represented by the limited storage of Haditha Dam, which is considered the strategic water storage site for the central and southern regions of Iraq. The study indicated the necessity of finding alternative sources of water supply by adopting new water management strategies to reduce the water deficit.
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Authors and Affiliations

Isam Mohammed Abdulhameed
1
ORCID: ORCID
Sadeq Oleiwi Sulaiman
2
ORCID: ORCID
Abu Baker Ahmed Najm
2
ORCID: ORCID
Nadhir Al-Ansari
3
ORCID: ORCID

  1. University of Anbar, College of Engineering, Upper Euphrates Basin Developing Centre, Ramadi, Iraq
  2. University of Anbar, College of Engineering, Dams and Water Resources Department, Ramadi, Iraq
  3. Lulea University of Technology, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Porsön, 97187 Lulea, Sweden
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Abstract

With the emergence of climate change and the increasing human intervention in the global climate, floods have affected different parts of the world. In practice, floods are the most terrible natural disaster in the world, both in terms of casualties and financial losses. To reduce the adverse effects of this phenomenon, it is necessary to use structural and non-structural methods of flood risk management. One of the structural methods of flood control is to allocate a certain part of reservoir dams to flood control. In order to safely exit the flood from the dam reservoir, the spillway structure should be used. One of the important issues in designing a spillway structure is reducing its construction costs. In order to safely exit the flood with a specified return period from the dam reservoir, as the length of the spillway decreases, the height of the water blade on the spillway increases. In other words, decreasing the spillway length increases the height of the dam and its construction and design costs. In this study, the design and comparison of the performance of two glory spillways and lateral spillways have been considered. The results showed that for a given length for the drain edge of both types of spillways, the height of the water blade on the glory spillway is always higher than the lateral spillway. For example, when a 10,000-year-old flood occurs, it is about 8 m.
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Authors and Affiliations

I Made Sukerta
1
ORCID: ORCID
Tzu-Chia Chen
2
ORCID: ORCID
Jonni Mardizal
3
Mahmood Salih Salih
4
ORCID: ORCID
Isnaini Zulkarnain
5
ORCID: ORCID
Md Zahidul Islam
6
ORCID: ORCID
Mohammed Sabeeh Majeed
7
ORCID: ORCID
Ahmed Baseem Mahdi
8
ORCID: ORCID
Dhameer Ali Mutlak
9
ORCID: ORCID
Surendar Aravindhan
10
ORCID: ORCID

  1. Universitas Mahasaraswati Denpasar, Agriculture and Business Faculty, JL. Kamboja 11A, Denpasar, Bali, 80361, Indonesia
  2. Ming Chi University of Technology, Department of Industrial Engineering and Management, New Taipei City, Taiwan
  3. Universitas Negeri Padang, Faculty of Engineering, Padang, Indonesia
  4. University of Anbar, Upper Euphrates Basin Developing Center, Ramadi, Iraq
  5. Universitas Muhammadiyah Kalimantan Timur, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Civil Engineering, Samarinda, Indonesia
  6. International Islamic University Malaysia, Ahmad Ibrahim Kulliyyah of Laws, Civil Law Department, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  7. Al-Manara College for Medical Sciences, Maysan, Iraq
  8. Al-Mustaqbal University College, Anesthesia Techniques Department, Babylon, Iraq
  9. Al-Nisour University College, Radiology and Sonar Techniques Department, Baghdad, Iraq
  10. Saveetha University, Department of Pharmocology, Chennai, India
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Abstract

The objective of the present work was to evaluate the hydrodynamic behaviour of a stratified bed filtration column consisting of 4 cm of sand and 2 cm of limestone to remove turbidity and measuring the head loss through the filter in several runs. In this study, two types of sand were used as filtering bed material, one fine and one medium. Crushed limestone was also available. These materials were characterized to determine the average particle diameter, porosity, and permeability coefficient. These were respectively 1.7∙10 –4 m, 336.96 and 0.68 m∙day –1 for fine sand, 3.3∙10 –4 m, 654.24 and 2.59 m∙day –1 for the medium sand and 1.26∙10–3 m, 388.8 and 8.64 m∙day–1 for crushed limestone. Using these materials, hydrodynamic analyses were carried out using clean water under rapid filtration conditions. In these analyses, different filtration rates were determined to be used in each experiment. Once the filtration rates were determined, the filtration analysis was performed with synthetic turbid water prepared at 8 NTU using tap water and bentonite. From the results obtained, a predictive model was developed based on total head losses for the evaluated filter, maintaining the rapid filtration condition. As a result, a turbidity removal efficiency of 97.7% was obtained with a total head loss of 17.8 cm at a filtration rate of 153 m·day –1. The developed model predicted head loss as a function of operating time, filtration rate, and filter depth to maximise turbidity removal. The model showed excellent prediction accuracy with R2 of 0.9999, which indicates that the model predictions are not biased. It was concluded that, due to the porosity of these materials, a stratified bed of sedimentary rocks has a great potential to be used in surface water filtration processes, which implies that it could be used at the rural community level as a form of water treatment, since the
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Authors and Affiliations

Candelaria N. Tejada-Tovar
1
ORCID: ORCID
Ángel Villabona-Ortíz
1
ORCID: ORCID
David López-Barbosa
1
ORCID: ORCID

  1. Universidad de Cartagena, Faculty of Engineering, Chemical Engineering Department, Avenida del Consulado St. #30 No. 48 152, 130015, Cartagena, Colombia
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Abstract

This work aimed to evaluate the yam peel in a bed column packaged as a chromium(VI) ion adsorbent in an aqueous solution. Yam peel was used as adsorbent, prior washing, drying, size reduction, and selection. The experimental work consisted in determining the effect of bed depth, particle size, and temperature, keeping inlet flow = 0.75 cm 3∙s –1, pH = 2 and initial concentration of 100 mg∙dm –3. The Adsorption Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and Energy Dispersive X-ray (EDS) analysis on yam ( Dioscorea rotundata) peel showed a heterogeneous, porous structure, with functional groups characteristic in lignocellulosic materials. It was analysed regarding the influence of temperature, bed height, and adsorbent particle size on the removal efficiency; it was found that the decrease of particle size and the increase of the bed height favour the elimination of the metallic ion, with removal rates between 92.4 and 98.3%. The bed maximum adsorption capacity was 61.75 mg∙g –1, and break time of 360 min. The break curve’s adjustment to the Thomas, Yoon–Nelson, Dose–Response and Adams–Bohart models was evaluated, concluding that the Yoon–Nelson and Dose–Response models best described the behaviour of the break curve with a coefficient of determination ( R2) of 0.95 and 0.96, respectively. The results show that the bio-adsorbent studied can be used to eliminate Cr(VI) in a continuous system.
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Authors and Affiliations

Ángel Villabona-Ortíz
1
ORCID: ORCID
Candelaria Tejada-Tovar
1
ORCID: ORCID
Rodrigo Ortega Toro
2
ORCID: ORCID
Keily Peña-Romero
1
ORCID: ORCID
Ciro Botello-Urbiñez
1

  1. Universidad de Cartagena, Department of Chemical Engineering, Cartagena de Indias, Colombia
  2. Universidad de Cartagena, Department of Food Engineering, Av. del Consulado # 30 St., No. 48 152 Cartagena, Cartagena de Indias, Bolívar Cartagena de Indias, Colombia
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Abstract

The scarcity of annual rainfall, which sometimes spreads over successive years, causes persistent droughts. In order to study the drought severity on the Algerian steppe, we analysed precipitation data (1985–2015) from the weather stations of Ain Sefra, El Bayadh, Tiaret and Djelfa, using drought meteorological indices: the mean deviation, the standardised precipitation index, the rainfall index and the frequency analysis of the rainfall series. Thus, we adopted the diachronic study by satellite remote sensing for the years 2002 (the driest year) and 2009 (the wettest year), which allowed us to better understand the evolution of the steppe rangelands surface and to better interpret their spatial-temporal changes. Drought, as determined by the mean deviation index, occurred during two periods (in sequence and corresponds to 55% the sequences of deficit years), one over 12 years (from 1994/1993 to 2006/2005) and the other over 5 years (1985–1990) and with isolated years. The results of the diachronic study of the vegetation change demonstrate the obvious divergence of the vegetation cover between 2002 and 2009. Drought has impacts on vegetation composition, growth, productivity, structure and functioning of ecosystems, which limits regeneration of vegetation cover.
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Authors and Affiliations

Said Bouarfa
1
ORCID: ORCID
Yassine Farhi
1
ORCID: ORCID
Okkacha Youb
1
ORCID: ORCID
Meriem Boultf
1
ORCID: ORCID
Warda Djoudi
1
ORCID: ORCID
Mohammed Faci
1
ORCID: ORCID

  1. Centre for Scientific and Technical Research on Arid Regions Omar El Bernaoui – CRSTRA, Campus Universitaire, Med Kheider, BP 1682 R.P Biskra 07000, Algeria
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Abstract

The use of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) is booming in almost every sector of the economy, especially in the agricultural industry. According to some reports, the agricultural UAV market is expected to increase from USD 2.6 billion in 2020 to USD 9.5 billion in 2030. In this paper a brief overview devoted to the use of UAVs in the Russian State Agrarian University – Moscow Timiryazev Agricultural Academy (RSAU-MTAA), including the results of studying the equipment use effectiveness for automatic driving of tractor equipment when sowing grain crops and planting potatoes. In the course of studying the equipment use effectiveness for automatic driving of tractor equipment, the deviations of the guess row spacing from the standard row spacing provided for by the seeder design were established; in the case of sowing barley using a marker, it was up to 4.3 cm, and in the case of winter wheat it was up to 5 cm. When using the autopilot system, these values were no more than 1.5 and 2.3 cm, respectively, which indicates the high accuracy and efficiency of the automatic driving systems. The autopilot system use provided a deviation of adjacent rows from the straightness when planting potatoes from 2.8 to 3.0 cm. The paper concludes that the use of unmanned robotic systems in agriculture, in conjunction with modern means of receiving and processing information, opens up new opportunities for increasing agriculture efficiency.
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Authors and Affiliations

Victor I. Balabanov
1
ORCID: ORCID
Dmitriy M. Benin
2
ORCID: ORCID
Natalya A. Mochunova
2
ORCID: ORCID

  1. Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education “Russian State Agrarian University – Moscow Timiryazev Agricultural Academy”, Reclamation and Construction Machines Department, Timiryazevskaya street, 49, Moscow, 127550, Russia
  2. Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education “Russian State Agrarian University – Moscow Timiryazev Agricultural Academy”, A.N. Kostyakov Institute of Land Reclamation, Water Management and Construction, Moscow, Russia
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Abstract

At present, a deep transformation of the agrobiocenose organisation under the intense anthropogenic factors’ influence is of particular importance. Thus, a significant increase in the number and harmfulness of pests’, phytopathogens’ and weeds species was noted due to the prevailing favourable conditions for their mass reproduction, expansion of habitats, and harmfulness, which inevitably leads to a significant deterioration in the phytosanitary state of cultivated crops. The phytosanitary trouble of agrobiocenoses allows us to say that today plant protection, being the final link in the cultivating technology for agricultural crops, is one of the most important stages in preserving the harvest improving the quality of the products obtained, and reducing their cost. In the current study it was tried to review the modern paradigm of the agricultural technological process efficiency. The relevance of this research is due to the fact that modern technological processes in agriculture cannot be implemented without the practical use of plant protection measures, in particular, the chemical method, which consists in the use of chemical compounds against pathogens of plants, pests, weeds, and is the most common, contributing to a significant increase in the yield of cultivated crops and labour productivity in agricultural production. All this, in our opinion, indicates the high practical significance of the results obtained.
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Authors and Affiliations

Konstantin E. Tyupakov
1
ORCID: ORCID
Andzor K. Dikinov
2
ORCID: ORCID
Maryam A. Ortskhanova
3
ORCID: ORCID
Kheda M. Musayeva
4
ORCID: ORCID
Evgeniya A. Bolotina
5
ORCID: ORCID

  1. Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education “Kuban State Agrarian University named after I.T. Trubilin”, Department of Economics and Foreign Economic Activity, Krasnodar, st. Kalinina 13, 350044, Russia
  2. Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education “Kabardino-Balkarian State University named after H.M. Berbekov”, Nalchik, Kabardino-Balkar Republic, Russia
  3. Ingush State University, Department of Economics, Magas, The Republic of Ingushetia, Russia
  4. The Chechen State University named after A.A. Kadyrov, Department of Economics and Economic Security of Industries and Enterprises, Grozny city, Chechen Republic, Russia
  5. The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Department of Economics and Finance, Institute of Public Service and Management, Moscow, Russia
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Abstract

In addition to unthinking anthropogenic meddling with the subtle ecological balance, the territories of Al-Aba Oasis are witnessing various Land Use and Land Cover (LULC) changes. Comprehending LULC is a central facet of upholding a sustainable, friendly, and fit environment. This paper presents a spatiotemporal study of land use and land cover trends in the wetlands of Al-Aba Oasis, an ecologically sensitive area in the west of Ras Tanura in the east of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The study area faces several environmental problems, including the rise in groundwater levels, expansion of agricultural land, urban expansion, and anthropogenic interference with the ecological balance. In this paper, a verified representation of the changes in each LULC class has been made using satellite images. Remote sensing imagery is helpful for studying temporal changes in LULC and providing environmental monitoring data. We analysed Landsat-5 and Sentinel-2 imagery for 1985, 2000, and 2021. The overall precision besides the kappa coefficient for precision assessment indicates the relevance of the LULC classification. LULC map products were overlaid and interpreted based on post-classification change detection methods. The LULC aspects were classified into six classes: water body, waterlogged area, sabkha soil, sandy area, cultivated area, and built- up area. The results prove that from 2001 to 2021, the extension of the built-up area (2.6%) and agricultural land (6.85%) is directly proportional to the population growth (36.5% between 1992 and 2004) and the sabkhas are subject to constant metamorphosis under the joint influence of urban and agricultural land expansion. 100 samples were collected for the years 1986, 2001, and 2021 to assess the accuracy. We reviewed the outcomes of this study by evaluating the accuracy (77, 81, and 84% for 1986, 2001, and 2021 respectively) and comparing the field truth using a GPS (Global Positioning System) sensor. The results of this study are useful in the development of environmental policies during the development of sustainable territorial development programmes of the oasis.
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Authors and Affiliations

Walid Chouari
1
ORCID: ORCID

  1. King Faisal University, College of Arts, Social Studies Department, Al-Ahsa, 36441, Saudi Arabia University of Sfax, Faculty of Arts and Human Sciences, Tunisia
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Abstract

In the present work, bacteria of the Pseudomonas genus native to the Ecuadorian Amazon with the capacity to treat contaminated water and soils were selected. For this purpose, 20 soil samples from Amazon region with evidence of contamination were analysed. For identification, each sample was assigned a code according to the sampling area: Joya de los Sachas (S), Minga (M) and Siete de Julio-Shushufindi (SH). The cultures were performed in the combination of Bushnell Hass (BH) + Luria Bertani (LB) and Müeller-Hinton (MH) + Brucella agar (BA) media, all with the addition of diesel to verify their efficacy in the growth of bacteria capable of surviving in contaminated media. The combination with ideal results was that of BH + LB, by means of Gram-staining it was determined that 19 of the samples had interest microorganisms. To characterize the isolates at the species level, biochemical tests of: catalase, citrate, glucose, hemolytic activity and urease were applied, which allowed to confirm the existence of the Pseudomonas of interest. The results indicated that P. stutzeri (in samples S1 and M1), P. aeruginosa (in SH2 and SH5) and P. putida (in S7, S8, S10 and SH4) obtaining a total of 8 isolates (40%) of interest from the initial 19. With the results obtained from this work, an optimal culture method was standardized for the selection of bacteria with potential for treating contaminated soils and water.
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Authors and Affiliations

Henry Joel Escudero-López
1
ORCID: ORCID
Karla Anabel Serrano-Carrillo
2
ORCID: ORCID
Carlos Rodrigo Jácome-Pilco
1
ORCID: ORCID
Herminia del Rosario Sanaguano-Salguero
1
ORCID: ORCID
Isidro Favian Bayas-Morejón
1
ORCID: ORCID

  1. State University of Bolívar, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, Agroindustry Career, Biotechnological Research and Development Center, Km 3 1/2 sector Alpachaca, CP: 020150, Guaranda, Ecuador
  2. San Pedro Educational Unit, Department of Education, Guaranda, Ecuador

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1. "Journal of Water and Land Development” is published four times a year in English, articles are followed by a short (not exceeding 200 words) summary in Polish.
2. Conciseness of style is a prequisite, avoid verbose phrases and abvious statements. Manuscript should not exceed 1 printing sheet (20 standard pages of 1800 characters per page). Tables, figures and short summary should be typed at the end of the paper on separate pages.
3. Each article should contain the following elements: title, name and surname of the author(s), authors' affiliation, short abstract no longer than 150–200 words, key words, text of the paper divided into Introduction, Material and Methods, Results and Discussion, References (arranged in alphabetic order as shown below) and summary in Polish BENCALA K.E., WALTERS R.A. 1983. Simulation of solute transport in mountain pool-and riffle stream: a transient storage model. Water Resources Research. Vol. 19 p. 718–724. GÓRECKI A. 1987. Rozpoznanie i opis sztucznych pól odniesień przestrzennych [Recognition and description of the artificial plots of spatial relations]. Manuscript. Wrocław. Uniwersytet Wrocławski pp. 18. JANKOWSKI M. 2006. Elementy grafiki komputerowej [Elements of the computer graphics]. Warszawa. WNT. ISBN 8320431638 pp. 220. STRZELECKI T. 1994. Rola systemów informacji geograficznej w zarządzaniu państwem, województwem i gminą. W: Komputerowe wspomaganie badań naukowych [The role of GIS in the management of the state, voivodship and community. In: Computer aided research]. I Konferencja Środowiskowa. Wrocław. Wrocławskie Towarzystwo Naukowe p. 19–25. Papers referred to should be quoted in the text as KOWALSKI [1997], [KOWALSKI, NOWAK 1997]. If there are more than two authors, please add et al. after the first name i.e. NOWAK et al. [1997]. English version of the non-congress language title should be added in brackets.
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For a volume exceeding 0.5 sheets, additionally paid in proportion to the exceedance.
*Bank transfer should be done as OUR (The transfer fees are expected to be paid before you initiate the transfer. This means the transfer amount is expected to be delivered in full to the beneficiary).

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Publication Ethics Policy

ETHICAL PRINCIPLES

Editors of the "Journal of Water and Land Development" pay attention to maintain ethical standards in scientific publications and undertake any possible measure to counteract neglecting the standards. Papers submitted for publication are evaluated with respect to reliability, conforming to ethical standards and the advancement of science. Principles given below are based on COPE's Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors, which may be found at:
http://publicationethics.org/files/u2/Best_Practice.pdf

Authors’ duties

Authorship
Authorship should be limited to persons, who markedly contributed to the idea, project, realization and interpretation of results. All of them have to be listed as co-authors. Other persons, who affected some important parts of the study should be listed or mentioned as co-workers. Author should be certain that all co-authors were enlisted, saw and accepted final version of the paper and agreed upon its publication.

Disclosure and conflict of interests
Author should disclose all sources of financing of his/her study, the input of scientific institutions, associations and other subjects and all important conflicts of interests that might affect results and interpretation of the study.

Standards in reporting
Authors of papers based on original studies should present precise description of performed work and objective discussion on its importance. Source data should be accurately presented in the paper. The paper should contain detailed information and references that would enable others to use it. False or intentionally not true declarations are not ethical and are not accepted by the editors.

Access to and storage of data
Authors may be asked for providing raw data used in the paper for editorial assessment and should be prepared to store them within the reasonable time period after publication.

Multiple, unnecessary and competitive publications
As a rule author should not publish papers describing the same studies in more than one journal or primary publication. Submission of the same paper to more than one journal at the same time is not ethical and prohibited.

Confirmation of sources
Author should cite papers that affected the creation of submitted manuscript and every time he/she should confirm the use of other authors’ work.

Important errors in published papers
When author finds an important error or inaccuracy in his/her paper, he/she is obliged to inform Editorial Office about this as soon as possible.

Originality and plagiarism
Author may submit only original papers. He/she should be certain that the names of authors referred to in the paper and/or fragments of their texts are properly cited or mentioned.

Ghostwriting
Ghost writing/guest authorship are manifestation of scientific unreliability and all such cases will be revealed including notification of appropriate subjects. Signs of scientific unreliability, especially violation of ethical principles in science will be documented by the Editorial Office.


Duties of the Editorial Office


Editors’ duties
Editors know the rules of journal editing including the procedures applied in case of uncovering non-ethical practices.

Decisions on publication
Editor-in Chief is obliged to apply present legal status as to defamation, violation of author’s rights and plagiarism and bears the responsibility for decisions. He/she may consult thematic editors and/or referees in that matter.

Selection of referees
Editorial Office provides appropriate selection of referees and takes care about appropriate course of peer –reviewing (the review has to be substantive).

Confidentiality
Every member of editorial team is not allowed to disclose information about submitted paper to any person except its author, referees, other advisors and editors.

Discrimination
To counteract discrimination the Editorial Office obeys the legally binding rules.

Disclosure and conflict of interests
Not published papers or their fragments cannot be used in the studies of editorial team or ref-erees without written consent of the author.


Referees' duties

Editorial decisions

Referee supports Editor-in-Chief in taking editorial decisions and may also support author in improving the paper.

Back information
In case a selected referee is not able to review the paper or cannot do it in due time period, he/she should inform secretary of the Editorial Office about this fact.

Objectivity standards
Reviews should be objective. Personal criticism is inappropriate. Referees should clearly ex-press their opinions and support them with proper arguments.

Confidentiality
All reviewed papers should be dealt with as confidential. They should not be discussed or revealed to persons other than the secretary of the Editorial Office.

Anonymity
All reviews should be made anonymously and the Editorial Office does not disclose names of the authors to referees.

Disclosure and conflict of interests
Confidential information or ideas resulting from reviewing procedure should be kept secret and should not be used to gain personal benefits. Referees should not review papers, which might generate conflict of interests resulting from relationships with the author, firm or institution involved in the study.

Confirmation of sources
Referees should indicate publications which are not referred to in the paper. Any statement that the observation, source or argument was described previously should be supported by appropriate citation. Referee should also inform the secretary of the Editorial Office about significant similarity to or partial overlapping of the reviewed paper with any other published paper and about suspected plagiarism.

Peer-review Procedure

Reviewing procedure

Procedure of reviewing submitted papers agrees with recommendations of the Ministry of Science and Higher Education published in a booklet: „Dobre praktyki w procedurach recenzyjnych w nauce”.
http://www.nauka.gov.pl/g2/oryginal/2014_02/307f933b1a75d6705a4406d5452d6dbf.pdf

Reviewing form may be downloaded from the Journal’s web page.

1. Papers submitted to the Editorial Office are primarily verified by editors withrespect to merit and formal issues. Texts with obvious errors (formatting other than requested, missing references, evidently low scientific quality) will be rejected at this stage.
2. Primarily accepted papers are sent to the two independent referees from outside the author’s institution, who:
  • have no conflict of interests with the author,
  • are not in professional relationships with the author,
  • are competent in a given discipline and have at least doctor’s degree and respective scientific achievements,
  • have unblemished reputation as reviewers.
3. In case of papers written in foreign language, at least one referee is affiliated in a foreign institution other than the author’s nationality.
4. Reviewing proceeds in the double blind process (authors and reviewers do notknow each other’s names) recommended by the Ministry.
5. A number is attributed to the paper to identify it in further stages of editorial procedure.
6. Potential referee obtains summary of the text and it is his/her decision upon accepting/rejecting the paper for review within a given time period.
7. Referees are obliged to keep opinions about the paper confidential and to not use knowledge about it before publication.
8. Review must have a written form and end up with an explicit conclusion about accepting or rejecting the paper from publication. Referee has a possibility to conclude his/her opinion in a form:
  • accept without revision;
  • accept with minor revision;
  • accept after major revision,
  • re-submission and further reviewing after complete re-arrangement of the paper,
  • reject.
9. Referee sends the review to the journal “Woda-Środowisko-Obszary Wiejskie”and “Problemy Inżynierii Rolniczej”by e-mail and in the printed undersigned form to the Editorial Office. Referee sends the review to the “Journal of Water and Land Development”by Editorial System. The review is archived there for 5 years.
10. Editors do not accept reviews, which do not conform to merit and formal rules of scientific reviewing like short positive or negative remarks not supported by a close scrutiny or definitely critical reviews with positive final conclusion and vice versa. Referee’s remarks are presented to the author. Rational and motivated conclusions are obligatory for the author. He/she has to consider all remarks and revise the text accordingly. Referee has the right to verify so revised text.
11. Author of the text has the right to comment referee’s conclusions in case he/she does not agree with them.
12. Editor-in Chief (supported by members of the Editorial Board) decides upon publication based on remarks and conclusions presented by referees, author’s comments and the final version of the manuscript.
13. Rules of acceptation or rejection of the paper and the review form are available at the web page of the Editorial House or the journal.
14. Once a year Editorial Office publishes present list of cooperating reviewers.
15. According to usual habit, reviewing is free of charge.
16. Papers rejected by referees are archived at the Editorial Office for 5 years.

Reviewers

Journal of Water and Land Development – List of reviewers – 2020

Prof. Aminuddin Ab Ghani - River Engineering and Urban Drainage Research Centre (REDAC), Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia
Prof. Abdelaziz Abdallaoui - Moulay Ismail University, Morocco
Assoc. Prof. Fahmy Abdelhaleem - Benha University, Cairo, Egypt
Dr. Yahiaoui Abdelhalim - Institute of Technology, University of Bouira, Algeria
Prof. Khaldi Abdelkrim - University of Science and Technology of Oran, Algeria
Dr. Jazuli Abdullahi - Near East University, Nicosia Cyprus
Prof. Taleb M. Abu-Sharar - University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan
Prof. Bachir Achour - University of Biskra, Algeria
Dr. Mariusz Adynkiewicz – Piragas Institute of Meteorology and Water Management - National Research Institute, Poland
Prof. Mukhtar Ahmed - PMAS Arid Agriculture University, Rawalpindi, Pakistan; Washington State University, Pullman, USA; Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Umeå, Sweden
Dr. Hayder Alalwan - Technical of Petrochemical, Middle Technical University, Iraq
Dr. Arif Alam - COMSATS University Islamabad, Abbottabad Campus, Pakistan
Dr. Hudhaifa maan Al-Hamndi - Tikrit University, Iraq
Assoc. Prof. Ali Al-Hillo - University of Wasit, Iraq
Dr. Ammar Ali - Wageningen University, The Netherlands
Dr. Sayed Sabab Ali - Hanyang University South Korea, Korea (South)
Prof. Mehush Aliu - University of Mitrovica, Albania
Dr. Miran Al-Rammahi - University of Liverpool, United Kingdom
Assoc. Prof. Abdalrahman Alsulaili - Kuwait University, Safat, Kuwait
Dr. Raid Al-Tahir - University of the West Indies, St. Augustine, Trinidad and Tobago
Dr. Mohd Anees - Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia
Prof. Jacek Antonkiewicz - University of Agriculture in Krakow, Poland
Prof. Nadjadji Anwar - Institut Teknologi Surabaya, Indonesia
Prof. Younas Aouine - Ibn Zohr University, Cité Dakhla, Agadir, Morocco
Prof. Klaus Appenroth - Friedrich Schiller University, Jena, Germany
Dr. Maria Adelaide Araujo Almeida - Polytechnic Institute of Beja, Portugal
Dr. Ozan Artun - Cukurova University in Adana, Turkey
Dr. Kentaka Aruga - Graduate School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Saitama City, Japan
Prof. Atilgan Atilgan - Isparta University of Applied Sciences, Turkey
Dr. Imen Ayadi - Higher Institute of Water Sciences and Techniques of Gabes, Tunisia
Assoc. Prof. Neveen Badawy - Benha University, Cairo, Egypt
Dr. Attoui Badra - Laboratory of Geology Badji Mokhtar University-Annaba, Algeria
Assoc. Prof. Sławomir Bajkowski - Warsaw University of Life Sciences - SGGW, Poland
Prof. Hutaf Baker - Al al-Bayt University, Mafraq, Jordan
Dr. Monika Balawejder - PWSTE The Bronisław Markiewicz State University of Technology and Eco-nomics in Jarosław, Poland
Prof. Ildefonso Baldiris-Navarro - Universidad de Cartagena, Colombia
Dr. Andres Barajas-Solano - Universidad Francisco de Paula Santander, Colombia
Prof. Icela Barcecó-Qiuntal- Metropolitan Autonomous University, Mexico City, Mexico
Dr. Arash Barjasteh - Khuzestan Water & Power Authority (KWPA), Iran
Prof. Erum Bashir - University of Karachi, Karach, Pakistan
Assoc. Prof. Łukasz Bąk - Kielce University of Technology, Poland
Dr. Mohamed Salah Belksier - University of Kasdi Merbah Ouargla, Algeria
Master Al-Amin Bello - Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia
Prof. Lahcen Benaabidate - University of Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah, Fès, Morocco
Dr. Aziz Benhamrouche - Ferhat Abbas University of Setif, Algeria
Master Ali Berghout - University of Bejaia, Algeria
Assoc. Prof. Nka Nnomo Bernadette - Institute of Geological and Mining Research, Yaounde, Cameroon
Master Suraj Bhagat - Ton Duc Thang University, Viet Nam
Prof. Vijaya S. Bhaskara Rao - Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati, India
Assoc. Prof. Muhammad Binbakar - Universiti Utara Malaysia, Malaysia
Prof. Sumantra Biswas - Jawaharlal Nehru University/ Sukumar Sengupta Mahavidyalaya, New Delhi, India
Prof. Inga Bochoidze - Akaki Tsereteli State University, Kutaisi, Georgia
Assoc. Prof. Ilirjana Boci - University of Tirana, Albania
Prof. Andrzej Bogdał - University of Agriculture in Krakow, Poland
Prof. Nikolay I. Bogdanovich - Northern (Arctic) Federal University, Arkhangelsk, Russia
Dr. Gokcen Bombar - Izmir Katip Celebi University, Turkey
Prof. Ognjen Bonacci - Split University, Croatia
Assoc. Prof. Małgorzata Bonisławska - West Pomeranian University of Technology, Szczecin, Poland
Prof. Dariusz Borowiak - University of Gdańsk, Poland
Dr. Frits Bos - CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis, The Hague, Netherlands
Prof. Hamid Bouchelkia - University of Tlemcen, Algeria
Master Mourad Boussekine - Badji Mokhtar University, Annaba, Algeria
Dr. Housseyn Bouzeria - Abou Bakr Belkaid University of Tlemcen, Algeria.
Dr. Andrzej Brandyk - Warsaw University of Life Sciences, Poland
Assoc. Prof. Krystyna Bryś - Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Science, Poland
Assoc. Prof. John Buchanan - University of Tennessee, United States
Prof. Piotr Bugajski - University of Agriculture of Krakow, Poland
Dr. Ewa Burszta-Adamiak - Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Science, Poland
Dr. Erni Butar-Butar - Indonesian Institute of Sciences, Indonesia
Prof. Javier Cancela - University of Santiago de Compostela, Spain
Dr. Miguel Cañedo-Argüelles - University of Barcelona, Spain
Dr. Rushan Ceka - South East European University, Skopje, North Macedonia
Assoc. Prof. Peter Cepuder - University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna, Austria
Prof. Simona Ceschin - Università Degli Studi Roma Tre, Rome, Italy
Assoc. Prof. Cem Polat Cetinkaya - Dokuz Eylul University, Izmir, Turkey
Prof. Kwok-Wing Chau - Hong Kong Polytechnic University, China
Assoc. Prof. Abdelbaki Chérifa - Abou Bakr Belkaid, University, Tlemcen, Algeria
Dr. Younghyun Cho - K-water Research Institute, Daejeon, Korea (South)
Master Susan Cooper - King’s College London, United Kingdom
Dr. Agnieszka Cupak - Uniwersytet Rolniczy, Poland
Prof. Isa Curebal - Balıkesir University, Turkey
Prof. Stanisław Czaban - Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Science, Poland
Dr. Justyna Czajkowska - Warsaw University of Life Sciences - SGGW, Poland
Dr. Wojciech Czekała - Poznan University of Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Przemyslaw Czerniejewski - Westpomeranian University of Technology, Szczecin, Poland
Dr. Ralf Dannowski - Leibniz Centre for Agricultural Land Use Research, Germany
Dr. Ammar Dawood - University of Basrah, Iraq
Dr. Paweł Dąbek - Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Rutger de Graaf - University of Amsterdam, Netherlands
Dr. Loris Deirmendjian - Paul Sabatier University - Toulouse III, France
Assoc. Prof. Tamene Demissie - Jimma University, Ethiopia
Dr. Gustavo Díaz - University of Concepción, Chile
Assoc. Prof. Alsayed Dowidar - Hydraulics Research Institute - National Water Research Center, Shoubra El-Kheima, Egypt
Prof. Krzysztof Dragon - Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznań, Poland
Dr. Sniazhana Dubianok - Central Research Institute for Complex Use of Water Resources (CRICUWR), Minsk, Belarus
Dr. Tomasz Dysarz - Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Assoc. Prof. Anarbekova Gulshat Dzhumabaevna - Kazakh National Agrarian University, Almaty, Kazakhstan
Dr. Hefni Effendi - Bogor Agricultural University, Indonesia
Prof. Youssef El Guamri - Regional Centre for Careers of Education and Training, Marrakech, Morocco
Dr. Mokhtari Elhadj - University of Hassiba Ben Bouali Chlef, Algeria
Dr. Alaa El-Hazek - Benha University, Cairo, Egypt
Assoc. Prof. Abdeslam El-Jouni - Centre regional des Métiers de l’Education et de la Formation : CRMEF Tanger, Morocco
Prof. Mahmoud El-Tokhy - Benha University, Cairo, Egypt.
Prof. Evens Emmanuel - Quisqueya University, Port-au-Prince, Haiti
Dr. María Esper Angillieri - Universidad Nacional de San Juan (UNSJ), Argentina
Prof. Alisher Fatxulloev - Tashkent Institute of Irrigation and Agricultural Mechanization Engineers, Uzbekistan
Assoc. Prof. Daniel Fomina - Kazan National Research Technological University, Russia
Dr. Mattias Gaglio - University of Ferrara, Italy
Dr. Małgorzata Gałczyńska - West Pomeranian University of Technology, Szczecin, Poland
Dr. Givi Gavardashvili - Georgian Technical University, Tbilisi, Georgia
Dr. Paweł Gełesz - Academy of Fine Arts in Gdańsk, Poland
Dr. Yevheniy Gerasimov - National University of Water and Environmental Engineering, Rivne, Ukraine
Assoc. Prof. Said Ghabayen - Natural Resources Conservation, Princeton, United States
Dr. Abbas Gholami - Shoaml University, Amol, Iran
Prof. Daniela Gogoase Nistoran - Politehnica University of Bucharest, Romania
Dr. Dora Gomez - Universidad Pedagogica Nacional, Colombia
Dr. Ganzorig Gonchigsumlaa - Mongolian University of Life Sciences, Zaisan, Mongolia
Prof. Andrzej Greinert - University of Zielona Gora, Poland
Assoc. Prof. Antoni Grzywna - University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Poland
Dr. M.H.J.P. Gunarathna - Rajarata University of Sri Lanka, Mihintale, Sri Lanka
Assoc. Prof. Robert Gwiazda - Institute of Nature Conservation of the Polish Academy of Sciences, Kraków, Poland
Prof. Mohamed Habi - Tlemcen University, Algeria
Dr. Major Habiba - Badji Mokhtar University – Annaba, Algeria
Dr. Peter Halaj - Slovak University of Agriculture, Nitra, Slovak Republic
Master Wiktor Halecki - University of Agriculture in Kraków, Poland
Dr. Abderrahmane Hamimed - Mascara University, Algeria
Prof. Lahoucine Hanich - Cadi Ayyad University, Marrakech, Morocco
Dr. Donny Harisuseno - University of Brawijaya, Indonesia
Dr. Jakub Heciak - Kielce University of Technology, Poland
Dr. Henny Herawati - Tanjungpura University, Indonesia
Dr. Chaffai Hicham - Badji Mokhtar University – Annaba University, Algeria
Assoc. Prof. Saeed Hoodfar - Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, India
Prof. larbi Houichi - University of Batna 2, Algeria
Prof. Lyudmyla Hranovska - Institute of Irrigated Agriculture of NAAS, Kyiv, Ukraine
Dr. Věra Hubačíková - Mendel University in Brno, Czech Republic
Prof. Katarzyna Ignatowicz - Bialystok University of Technology, Poland
Prof. Masango Ilunga - University of South Africa, Pretoria, South Africa
Master Zhuldyzay Iskakova - Institute of Hydrogeology and Geoecology named after U.M. Ahmedsafina, Al-maty, Kazakhstan
Dr. Mateusz Jakubiak - AGH University of Science and Technology, Kraków, Poland
Assoc. Prof. Grzegorz Janik - Wrocław University of Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Anna Januchta-Szostak - Poznan University of Technology, Poland
Dr. Elżbieta Jasińska - AGH University of Science and Technology, Kraków, Poland
Dr. Joanna Jaskuła - Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Assoc. Prof. Bartosz Jawecki - Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Sabrine Jemai University of Sfax, Tunisia
Prof. Jerzy Jeznach - Warsaw University of Life Sciences - SGGW, Poland
Prof. Raimundo Jiménez-Ballesta - Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Spain
Prof. Csaba Juhász - University of Debrecen, Hungary
Dr. Grzegorz Kaczor - Uniwersytet Rolniczy w Krakowie, Poland
Assoc. Prof. Grzegorz Kaczor - University of Agriculture in Krakow, Poland
Dr. Mohammed Kadaoui - University Mohammed Premier, Oujda, Morocco
Master Sharad Kadbhane - Maratha Vidya Prasarak Samaj's, Karmaveer Adv. Baburao Ganpatrao Thakare College of Engineering, Nashik, India
Dr Dariusz Kayzer - Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Assoc. Prof. Tomasz Kałuża - Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Joanna Kamińska - Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Ibrahim Kane - Umaru Musa Yar'adua University, Katsina, Nigeria
Dr. Vasyl Karabyn - Lviv State University of Life Safety, Ukraine
Assoc. Prof. Agnieszka Karczmarczyk - Warsaw University of Life Sciences - SGGW, Poland
Assoc. Prof. Robert Kasperek - Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Kiyonori Kawasaki - Kagawa University, Japan
Dr. Mina Khosravi - Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran
Dr. Borys Khrystyuk - Ukrainian Hydrometeorological Institute, Kyiv, Ukraine
Dr. Marianne Koller-Peroutka - University of Vienna, Austria
Prof. Anna Kołodziejczak - Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań, Poland
Prof. Marek Kopacz - AGH University of Science and Technology, Poland
Dr. Tomasz Kotowski - University of Agriculture in Krakow, Poland
Zile Alex Kouadio - Université Jean Lorougnon Guédé, Daloa, Ivory Coast
Prof. Victor Kovalchuk - National University of Water and Environmental Engineering, Rivne, Ukraine
Prof. Pyotr Kovalenko - Institute of Water Problems and Land Reclamation of NAAS of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine
Dr. Adam Kozioł - Warsaw University of Life Sciences - SGGW, Poland
Dr. Piotr Krajewski - Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Assoc. Prof. Irina Krish - Vladimir State University, Russia
Prof. Natalia Kuczyńska-Kippen - Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań, Poland
Dr. Deepak Kumar - G.B. Pant University of Agriculture & Technology, Pantnagar, India
Dr. Karolina Kurek - University of Agriculture in Kraków, Poland
Dr. Stanisław Lach - AGH University of Science and Technology, Kraków, Poland
Prof. Lenka Lackóová - Slovak University of Agriculture, Nitra; Slovak Republic
Prof. László Lakatos - Eszterhazy Karoly University (The University of Eger), Hungary
Assoc. Prof. Maciej Lasocki - Warsaw University of Technology, Poland
Dr. Niharika Lata - National Institute of Technology Patna, India
Dr. Okanlade Lawal-Adebowale - Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Nigeria
Dr. Jeffrey León Pulido - EAN University, Bogota, Colombia
Dr. Jaakko Leppänen - University of Helsinki, Finland
Assoc. Prof. Jacek Leśny - Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Assoc. Prof. Han Lijian - Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
Prof. Lily Limantara - University of Brawijaya, Indonesia
Prof. Fedor Lisetskii - Belgorod State National Research University, Belgorod, Russia
Prof. Jurik Lubos - Slovak University of Agriculture, Nitra, Slovak Republic
Prof. Jaafar Maatooq - University of Technology, Baghdad, Iraq
Master Mohd Mahamud - Universiti Sains Malaysia, George Town, Malaysia
Prof. Myroslav Malovanyy - Lviv Polytechnic National University, Ukraine
Dr. Eduardo Martínez-Gomariz - Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Spain
Costantino Masciopinto - National Research Council, Rome, Water Research Institute, Bari, Italy
Dr. Natalya Matvienko - Institute of Fisheries of the National Academyof Agrarian Sciences, Kyiv 03164, Ukraine
Prof. Jan Mazurkiewicz - Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Bruno Mazzorana - Universidad Austral de Chile
Dr. Agnieszka Mąkosza - West Pomeranian University of Technology, Szczecin, Poland
Dr. Lakhdar Mebarki - University of Bechar, Algeria
Prof. Mohamed Meddi - Ecole Nationale Supérieure d’Hydraulique, Blida, Algeria
Dr. Ali Mehran - University of North Georgia, United States
Dr. José Alberto Herrera Melián - University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain
Dr. Orest Melnichuk - Institute of Ecology and Geography, Academy of Sciences, Kishinev, Moldova
Prof. Leopoldo Mendoza-Espinosa - Autonomous University of Baja California, Ensenada, Mexico
Dr. Gabriel Minea - National Institute of Hydrology and Water Management, Bucharest, Romania
Dr. Małgorzata Mirecka - Warsaw University of Technology, Poland
Dr. Dorota Mirosław-Świątek - Warsaw University of Life Sciences – SGGW, Poland
Dr. Dariusz Młyński - University of Agriculture in Kraków, Poland
Assoc. Prof. Dariusz Młyński - University of Agriculture in Kraków, Poland
Prof. Djidel Mohamed - Université Kasdi Merbah Ouargla, Algeria
Dr. Amir Molajou - Iran University of Science & Technology, Iran
Prof. Changho Moon - Kunsan National University, Korea (South)
Assoc. Prof. Matthew Morris - Ambrose University, Calgary, Canada
Prof. Józef Mosiej - Warsaw University of Life Scieces -SGGW, Poland
Prof. Jacek Motyka - AGH University of Science and Technology, Kraków, Poland
Dr. Dounia Mrad - University Badji Mokhtar Annaba, Algeria
Dr. Basil Mugonola - Gulu University (GU), Uganda
Prof. Zainal Muktamar - University of Bengkulu, Indonesia
Prof. Ismet Mulliqi - University of Mitrovica "Isa Boletini", Albania
Dr. Magdalena Myszura - University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Poland
Assoc. Prof. Marco Napoli - University of Florence, Italy
Dr. Arkadiusz Nędzarek - West Pomeranian University of Technology, Szczecin, Poland
Dr. Jacek Niedźwiecki - Institute of Soil Science and Plant Cultivation, Puławy, Poland
Dr. Constantin Nistor - University of Bucharest, Romania
Prof. Ainin Niswati - Lampung University, Indonesia
Dr. Tomasz Noszczyk - University of Agriculture in Krakow, Poland
Prof. Vahid Nourani - University of Tabriz, Iran
Prof. Laftouhi Noureddine - Cadi Ayyad University, Marrakech, Morocco
Dr. Washington Nyabeze - WR Nyabeze and Associates, Johannesburg, South Africa
Dr. Clement Nyamekye - Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana
Prof. Ryszard Oleszczuk - Warsaw University of Life Sciences - SGGW, Poland
Prof. Beata Olszewska - Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Amal Omer - Desert Research Center, Cairo, Egypt., Egypt
Prof. El-Sayed Omran - Suez Canal University, Ismailia, Egypt
Dr. David Onu - Federal College of Education, Zaria
Dr. Agnieszka Operacz - University of Agriculture in Krakow, Poland
Dr. Petra Oppeltová - Mendel University in Brno, Czech Republic
Prof. Mehmet Ali Ozler - Mugla Sitki Kocman University, Turkey
Assoc. Prof. Carmen Palau - Universitat Politècnica de València, Spain
Prof. Zuzana Palkova - Slovak University of Agriculture, Nitra, Slovak Republic
Dr. Avinash Pandey - Metahelix Life Science Ltd., Bangalore, India
Assoc. Prof. Ghanshyam Patle - Central Agricultural University Imphal, India
Prof. Katarzyna Pawęska - Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Zbigniew Piepiora - Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Edward Pierzgalski - Forest Research Institute, Sękocin, Poland
Assoc. Prof. Oleg Pinchuk - National University of Water and Environmental Engineering, Kyiv, Ukraine
Dr. Santosh Pingale - National Institute of Hydrology Roorkee, India
Dr. Mikołaj Piniewski - Warsaw University of Life Sciences - SGGW, Poland
Prof. Agatha Piranti - Jenderal Soedirman University, Indonesia
Assoc. Prof. Karol Plesiński - University of Agriculture in Krakow, Poland
Assoc. Prof. Ryszard Pokładek - Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Agnieszka Policht-Latawiec - University of Agriculture in Krakow, Poland
Master Katja Polotzek - Max Planck Institute for the Physics of Complex Systems, Dresden, Germany
Dr. BVG Prasad - DR Y.S.R. Horticultural University, Andhra Pradesh, India
Dr. Michaela Prescott - Monash University, Melbourne, Australia
Dr. Wiesław Ptach - Warsaw University of Life Sciences - SGGW, Poland
Prof. Antonio Pulido Bosch - University of Almeria, Spain
Assoc. Prof. Doni Putra - Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Dr. Erik Querner - Querner Consult, Wageningen, Netherlands
Assoc. Prof. Kinga Racoń-Leja - Cracow University of Technology, Kraków, Poland
Dr. Koteswara K. Rao - Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology, Pune, India
Dr. Iwan Ridwansyah - Indonesian Institute of Sciences, Jakarta, Indonesia
Prof. Anatoliy Rokochinsky - National University of Water and Environmental Engineering, Ukraine
Assoc. Prof. Joanna Rodziewicz - University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Poland
Dr. Roman Rolbiecki - UTP University of Science and Technology, Bydgoszcz, Poland
Dr. Stanislav Ruman - University of Ostrava, Czech Republic
Dr. Holger Rupp - Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research, Halle, Germany
Dr. Katarzyna Rymuza - University of Natural Sciences and Humanities in Siedlce, Poland
Prof. Andrii Safonyk National University for Water and Environmental Engineering, Rivne, Ukraine
Prof. Carlos Salazar-Briones - Universidad Autónoma de Baja California, Mexicali, Mexico
Assoc. Prof. Luqmon Samiev - Tashkent Institute of Irrigation and Agricultural Mechanization Engineers, Uzbekistan
Dr. Abba Sani Isah - Yusuf Maitama Sule University, Kano, Nigeria, Nigeria
Dr. Veronica Sarateanu - Agriculture Faculty, Banat's University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine "King Michael I of Romania", Timisoara, Romania
Prof. Miklas Scholz - Lund University, Sweden
Prof. Moosa Sedibe - Central University of Technology, Free State, Bloemfontein, South Africa
Dr. Joanna Sender - University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Poland
Dr. Marcus Senra - Unversidade Federal de Juiz de Fora, Minas Gerais, Brazil
Dr. Artur Serafin - University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Poland
Dr. Muhammad Setiawan - Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Prof. Abdol Aziz Shahraki - Regional Studies, The Royal Institute of Technology, KTH, Stockholm, Sweden
Dr. Andrzej Shatkowski - Institute of Water Problems and Land Reclamation, Kharkiv, Ukraine
Dr. Abdrabbo Shehata AbouKheira - Water Management Research Institute, El Qanater El Khayreya, Egypt
Dr. Rituraj Shukla - University of Guelph, Canada
Prof. Tadeusz Siwiec - Warsaw University of Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Sergiy Snizhko - Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Ukraine
Dr. Chen Soo - Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, Kota Samarahan, Malaysia,
Dr. Marcin Spychała - Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Rafał Stasik - Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Assoc. Prof. Tatyana Stefanovska - National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine
Dr. Radosław Stodolak - Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Ery Suhartanto - University of Brawijaya, Indonesia
Dr. Lagudu Surinaidu - National Geophysical Research Institute, Hyderabad, India
Prof. Dwita Sutjiningsih - University of Indonesia, Depok , Indonesia
Assoc. Prof. Serhiy Syrotyuk - Lviv National Agrarian University, Ukraine
Assoc. Prof. Sandor Szalai - Szent István University, Godollo, Hungary
Dr. Jan Szatyłowicz - Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Szymon Szewrański - Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Wiesław Szulc - Warsaw University of Life Sciences - SGGW, Poland
Prof. Wiesław Szulczewski - Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Kassa Tadele - Arba Minch University, Ethiopia
Dr. Kassahun Tadesse - University of Johannesburg, South Africa
Dr. Samuel Takele - National Institute of Meteorological Sciences, Seogwipo-si, Jeju-doKorea (South)
Prof. Fatima Zohra Tebbi - University of Batna, Algeria
Prof. Alo Tito - Department of Water Engineering and Chemistry, Italy
Prof. Mukesh Tiwari - Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi, India
Dr. Katarzyna Tokarczyk-Dorociak - Wrocław Universiy of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Rachid Touir - Centre Régional des Métiers de l’Éducation et de la Formation (CRMEF), Rabat, Morocco
Le Tu - Nong Lam University, Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam
Prof. Serghiy Vambol - Kharkiv National Technical University of Agriculture after P. Vasilenko, Ukraine
Dr. Iryna Vaskina - Sumy State University, Ukraine
Prof. Magdalena Vaverková - Mendel University in Brno, Czech Republic
Dr. Ileana Vera-Reyes - Centro de Investigación en Química Aplicada, Mexico, Mexico
Prof. Aliaksandr Volchak - Brest State Technical University, Belarus
Prof. Jan Vymazal - Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, Czech Republic
Dr. Tong Wang - Erasmus University Rotterdam, Netherlands
Dr. Rafal Wawer - Institute of Soil Science and Plant Cultivation - State Research Institute, Puławy, Poland
Master Wessam Wessam - Agricultural Engineering Research Institute, Giza, Egypt
Dr. Ewa Wiśniowska - Czestochowa University of Technology, Poland
Prof. Franciszek Woch - Institute of Soil Science and Plant Cultivation - State Research Institute, Puławy, Poland
Prof. Małgorzata Wojtkowska - Warsaw University of Technology, Poland
Prof. Lu Xiwu - Southeast University, Nanjing, China
Prof. Mamuye Yusuf - Jimma University, Ethiopia
Prof. Mariusz Zadworny - Czestochowa University of Technology (CUT) Faculty of Civil Engineering, Poland
Assoc. Prof. Liliana Zaharia - University of Bucarest, Romania
Dr. Kateb Zakaria - Tlemcen University, Algeria
Prof. Jarosław Zawadzki - Warsaw University of Technology, Poland
Prof. Aziez Zeddouiri - University of Kasdi Merbah Ouargla, Algeria
Prof. Bakenaz A. Zeidan - Tanta University, Egypt
Dr. Noureddine Zenati - University of Messaadia Med Cherif, Souk-Ahras, Algeria
Assoc. Prof. Hamsa Zubaidi - Oregon State University, Corvallis, United States
Dr. Tomasz Zubala - University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Poland
Dr. Anna Źróbek-Sokolnik - University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Poland
Prof. Jacek Żarski - UTP University of Science and Technology, Bydgoszcz, Poland


Journal of Water and Land Development – List of reviewers – 2019

Prof. Yahiaoui Abdelkrim – University of Bechar, Algeria
Prof. Habib Abida – University of Sfax, Tunesia Tjahyo Adji – Univesitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Prof. Klaus Appenroth – Friedrich Schiller University Jena, Germany
Dr Maria Adelaide Araujo Almeida – Polytechnic Institute of Beja, Portugal
Dr Eli Argaman – Soil Erosion Research Station, Ministry of Agriculture, Rishon Lezion, Israel
Dr John Awu – National Centre for Agricultural Mechanization, Ilorin, Nigeria
Prof. Aleksandra Badora – University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Lublin, Poland
Assoc. Prof. Sławomir Bajkowski – Warsaw University of Life Sciences - SGGW, Poland
Dr. Arturas Bautrenas – Vilnius Unversity, Vilnius, Lituania
Dr. Aleksanda Bawiec – Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Łukasz Bąk – Kielce University of Technology, Kielce, Poland
Prof. Bourhane Belabed – Badji Mokhtar – Annaba University, Algeria
Dr. Tomasz Bergel – University of Agriculture in Krakow, Poland
Dr Ramon Bienes –Instituto Madrileño de Investigación y Desarrollo Rural Agrario y Alimentario, Madrid, Spain
Dr. Małgorzata Biniak-Pieróg – Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Andrzej Bogdał – University of Agriculture of Krakow, Poland
Dr. Alaba Boluwade – McGill University, Montreal, Canada
Prof. Hamid Bouchelkia – University of Tlemcen, Algeria
Dr. Andrzej Brandyk – Warsaw University of Life Sciences - SGGW, Poland
Assoc. Prof. Krystyna Bryś – Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Science, Poland
Dr. Piotr Bugajski – University of Agriculture of Krakow, Poland
Dr Ewa Burszta-Adamiak – Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Science, Poland
Assoc. Prof. Irena Burzyńska – Institute of Technology and Life Science, Falenty, Poland
Dr Agnieszka Bus – Warsaw University of Life Sciences - SGGW, Poland
Dr. Hazir Çadraku – University for Business and Technology, Pristina, Kosovo
Prof. Bogdan Chojnicki – Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Andrea Cominola – Technische Universität Berlin, Germany
Dr. Agnieszka Cupak – University of Agriculture of Krakow, Poland
Dr. Justyna Czajkowska – Warsaw University of Life Sciences - SGGW, Poland
Assoc. Prof. Krzysztof Czerwionka – Gdańsk University of Technology, Poland
Dr. Ewa Dacewicz – University of Agriculture of Krakow, Poland
Assoc. Prof. Jacek Dach – Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Jan Damicz – University of Warmia and Mazury, Olsztyn, Poland
Dr. Ralf Dannowski – Leibniz Centre for Agricultural Land Use Research, Germany
Dr Paweł Dąbek – Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Science, Poland
Prof. Halina Dąbkowska-Naskręt – University of Science and Technology, Bydgoszcz, Poland
Dr. Oussama Derdous – Université Kasdi Merbah Ouargla, Algeria
Prof. Jean Diatta – Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Jean-Christophe Diepart – Université de Liège, Belgium
Dr Bujar Durmishi – University of Tetova, North Macedonia
Dr. Tomasz Dysarz – Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Mahmoud El-Tokhy – Benha University, Egypt
Prof. Evens Emmanuel – Quisqueya University, Port-au-Prince, Haiti
Dr. Tomasz Falkowski – Warsaw University of Life Sciences - SGGW, Poland
Assoc. Prof. Fernando Fan – Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil
Prof. Janos Fehér – University of Debrecen, Hungary
Dr. Beata Fortuna-Antoszkiewicz – Warsaw University of Life Sciences - SGGW, Poland
Dr. Junior Garcia – Universidade Federal do Paraná, Curitiba, Brazil
Prof. Wiesław Gądek – Cracow University of Technology, Poland
Dr. Givi Gavardashvili – Georgian Water Managment Institute, Tbilisi, Georgia
Assoc. Prof. Małgorzata Gałczyńska – West Pomeranian University of Technology Szczecin, Poland
Dr Paweł Gełesz – Academy of Fine Arts in Gdańsk, Poland
Dr Jakub Gołębiewski – West Pomeranian University of Technology Szczecin, Poland
Prof. Renata Graf – Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznań, Poland
Dr. Rutger de Graaf – Hogeschool Rotterdam, Netherlands
Dr. Antoni Grzywna – University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Poland
Dr Adam Górecki – Wroclaw University of Science and Technology, Poland
Assoc. Prof. Krzysztof Górecki – Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Asssoc. Prof. Burak Gürel – Koç University,Istanbul, Turkey
Prof. Mohamed Habi – University of Tlemcen, Algeria
Dr. Peter Halaj – Slovak University of Agriculture, Nitra, Slovak Republic
Dr. Younes Hamed – Gafsa University, Tunisia
Dr. Mateusz Hammerling – Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Assoc. prof. Paweł Hanus – AGH University of Science and Technology in Krakow, Poland
Dr Henny Herawati – Tanjungpura University, Pontianak, Indonesia
Dr Edyta Hewelke – Warsaw University of Life Sciences - SGGW, Poland
Dr. Nur Islami – Universitas Riau, Pekanbaru, Indonesia
Assoc. prof. Darja Istenič – University of Ljubljana, Slovenia
Assoc. prof. Mohammad Hossein Jahangir – University of Tehran, Iran
Prof. Anna Januchta-Szostak – Poznan University of Technology, Poznań, Poland
Dr. Anna Jaroszewicz – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland
Assoc. prof. Bartosz Jawecki – Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Jerzy Jeznach – Warsaw University of Life Sciences - SGGW, Poland
Prof. Csaba Juhász – University of Debrecen, Hungary
Prof. Pierre Y. Julien – Colorado State University, Fort Collins, United States
Prof. Edmund Kaca – Warsaw University of Life Sciences - SGGW, Poland
Dr. Grzegorz Kaczor – University of Agriculture of Krakow, Poland
Assoc. prof. Eliza Kalbarczyk – Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznań, Poland
Prof. Tomasz Kałuża – Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Agnieszka Karczmarczyk – Warsaw University of Life Sciences - SGGW, Poland
Dr Ignacy Kardel – Warsaw University of Life Sciences - SGGW, Poland
Dr. Cezary Kaźmierowski – Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznań, Poland
Prof. Kamel Khanchoul – Badji Mokhtar – Annaba University, Algeria
Dr. Adam Kiczko – Warsaw University of Life Sciences - SGGW, Poland
Prof. Roman Kisiel – University of Warmia and Mazury, Olsztyn, Poland
Dr Oleksandr Klimenko – National University of Water and Environmental Engineering, Rivne, Ukraine
Dr. Apoloniusz Kodura – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland
Prof. Silvia Kohnová – Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava, Slovak Republic
Prof. Tomasz Kolerski – Gdańsk University of Technology, Poland
Dr Katarzyna Kołecka – Gdańsk University of Technology, Poland
Prof. Marek Kopacz – AGH University of Science and Technology, Krakow, Poland
Assoc. prof. Radovan Kopp – Mendel University in Brno, Czech Republic
Prof. Ján Koščo – University of Presov, Slovak Republic
Prof. Viktor Kovalchuk – National University of Water and Environmental Engineering, Rivne, Ukraine
Prof. Pyotr Kovalenko – Ukrainian Academy of Agricultural Engineering and Land Reclamation, Kiev, Ukraine
Assoc. prof. Tomasz Kowalczyk – Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Dr Alina Kowalczyk-Juśko – University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Poland
Dr Michał Kozłowski – Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Jerzy Kozyra – Institute of Soil Science and Plant Cultivation, Puławy, Poland
Dr Piotr Krajewski – Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Dr Katarzyna Krężałek – Institute of Technology and Life Science, Falenty, Poland
Prof. Mykhailo Kropyvko – Natsional′nyy Naukovyy Tsentr "Instytut Ahrarnoyi Ekonomiky", Kiev, Ukraine
Prof. Zygmunt Kruczek – University of Physical Education in Cracow, Poland
Dr. Michł Kubrak – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland
Prof. Bogdan Kulig – University of Agriculture of Krakow, Poland, Poland
Dr. Karolina Kurek – University of Agriculture of Krakow, Poland, Poland
Assoc. Prof. Kustamar Kustamar – Institut Teknologi Nasional Malang, Indonesia
Prof. Marek Kułażyński – Wroclaw University of Science and Technology, Poland
Dr. Stanisław Lach –AGH University of Science and Technology, Krakow, Poland
Prof. László Lakatos – Eszterhazy Karoly University, Eger, Hungary
Prof. Krzysztof Lejcuś – Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Przemysław Leń – University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Poland,
Dr Jaakko Leppänen – Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo
Prof. Daniel Liberacki – Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Lily Limantara – University of Brawijaya, Indonesi
Dr. Wiesława Lizińska – University of Warmia and Mazury, Olsztyn, Poland
Dr Imed Loukam – Mohamed-Cherif Messaadia University, Souk-Ahras, Algeria
Prof. Jurik Lubos – Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, Slovak Republic
Prof. Andrzej Łachacz – University of Warmia and Mazury, Olsztyn, Poland
Dr. Michał Łopata – Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznań, Poland
Prof. Chandra Madramootoo – McGill University, Montreal, Canada
Prof. Boutiba Makhlouf – University of Science and Technology Houari Boumediene, Algeria
Prof. Małgorzata Makowska – Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Myroslav Malovanyy – Lviv Polytechnic National University, Ukraine
Assoc. Prof. Andrii Martyn – National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, Kiev,Ukraine
Dr. Michał Marzec –University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Poland
Dr. Jakub Mazurkiewicz – Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Jan Mazurkiewicz – Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Constantine Mbajiorgu – University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria
Assoc. Prof. Monika Mika – University of Agriculture in Krakow, Poland
Dr. Gabriel Minea – National Institute of Hydrology and Water Management, Romania
Dr. Małgorzata Mirecka – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland
Dr. Dariusz Młyński – University of Agriculture of Krakow, Poland, Poland
Prof. Changho Moon – Kunsan National University, South Korea
Prof. Viktor Moshynskyi – National University of Water and Environmental Engineering, Ukraine
Prof. Józef Mosiej – Warsaw University of Life Scieces – SGGW, Poland
Dr. Rachedi Mounira – Université Chadli Bendjedid -El Tarf, Algeria
Dr. Dounia Mrad – Badji Mokhtar - Annaba University, Algeria
Dr Somphinith Muangthong – Rajamangala University of Technology Isan, Nakorn Ratchasima, Thailand
Prof. Ismet Mulliqi – University of Mitrovica "Isa Boletini", Albania
Dr. Reinhard Nolz – Institute of Hydrology, Slovak Academy of Sciences (IH SAS), Slovakia, Slovak Republic
Dr. Michael Nones – Institute of Geophysics Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw, Poland
Prof. Lucyna Nyka – Gdansk University of Technology, Poland
Prof. Hanna Obarska-Pempkowiak – Gdansk University of Technology, Poland
Dr. Grzegorz Oleniacz – Rzeszow University of Technology, Poland
Prof. Beata Olszewska – Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Ednah Onyari –University of South Africa, Pretoria, South Africa
Dr. Agnieszka Operacz – University of Agriculture in Krakow, Poland
Dr Petra Oppeltová – Mendel University in Brno, Czech Republic
Prof. Zuzana Palkova – Slovak University of Agriculture, Nitra, Slovak Republic
Assoc. Prof. Jana Pařílková – Brno University of Technology, Brno, Czech Republic
Assoc. Prof. Krzysztof. Parylak – Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Katarzyna Pawęska – Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Anna Pawlikowska-Piechotka – Józef Piłsudski University of Physical Education, Warsaw, Poland
Prof. Grzegorz Pęczkowski – Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Roman Petrus – Ignacy Łukasiewicz Rzeszow University of Technology, Poland
Prof. Janina Piekutin – Bialystok University of Technology, Poland
Prof. Edward Pierzgalski – Forest Research Institute, Sękocin, Poland
Dr. Santosh Pingale – Arba Minch University, Ethiopia
Dr. Karol Plesiński – University of Agriculture in Krakow, Poland
Dr Sandra Poikane – European Commission, Joint Research Cenre, Brussles, Belgium
Prof. Ryszard Pokładek – Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Agnieszka Policht-Latawiec – University of Agriculture in Krakow, Poland
Prof. Zbigniew Popek – Warsaw University of Life Scieces – SGGW, Poland
Assoc. Prof. Dorota Porowska – Warsaw University, Poland
Assoc. Prof. Brbara Prus – University of Agriculture in Krakow, Poland
Dr. Wioletta Przystaś – Silesian University of Technology, Gliwice, Poland
Dr. Erik Querner – Querner Consult, Wageningen, Netherlands
Dr. Kinga Racoń-Leja – Cracow University of Technology, Poland
Anatoliy Rokochinskyi – National University of Water and Environmental Engineering, Rivne, Ukraine
Dr. Roman Rolbiecki – UTP University of Science and Technology, Bydgoszcz, Poland
Dr. Giovanna Rossato – Progetto CMR, Milan, Italy
Dr. James Roumasset – University of Hawaii at Mānoa, Hawaii, United States
Dr. Oleksandr Rudik – Kherson State Agrarian University, Ukraine
Dr. Holger Rupp – Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research, Leipzig, Germany
Dr. Kamila Rybczyńska-Tkaczyk – University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Lublin, Poland
Dr. Katarzyna Rymuza – University of Natural Sciences and Humanities in Siedlce, Poland
Assoc. Prof. Anrzej Samborski – The State School of Higher Education in Zamość, Poland
Dr. Artur Serafin – University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Lublin, Poland
Prf. Abdelkader Seyd – Université Kasdi Merbah de Ouargla, Algeria
Dr. Tamara Shevchenko –O.M. Beketov National University of Urban Economy in Kharkiv, Ukraine
Prof. Vasil Simeonov – University of Sofia „St. Kliment Ohridski”, Bulgaria"
Prof. Tadeusz Siwiec – Warsaw University of Life Sciences – SGGW, Poland
Dr. Zdzisław Skutnik – Warsaw University of Life Sciences – SGGW, Poland
Dr. Karolina Smarzyńska – Institute of Technology and Life Science, Falenty, Poland
Prof. Jerzy Sobota – Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Mariusz Sojka – Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Reza Sokouti – West Azarbaijan Agricultural and Natural Resources Research and Training Center, AREEO, Uromieh, Iran
Prof. Joaquín Solana-Gutiérrez – Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Spain
Prof. Krystyna Solarek – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland
Assoc. Prof. Tatiana Solovey – Polish Geological Institute, Warsaw, Poland
Dr Piotr Sołowiej – University of Warmia and Mazury, Olsztyn, Poland
Dr Urszula Somorowska – University of Warsaw, Poland
Dr. Cristina Sorana Ionescu– Polytechnic University of Bucharest, Romania
Dr. Marcin Spychała – Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Piotr Stachowski – Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Radosław Stodolak – Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Dr Jan Szatyłowicz – Warsaw University of Life Sciences – SGGW, Poland
Prof. Szymon Szewrański – Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Wiesław Szulczewski – Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Assoc. Prof. Tomasz Szymczak – Institute of Technology and Life Science, Falenty, Poland
Dr. Anna Tofiluk – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland
Dr. Iryna Vaskina – Sumy State University, Sumy, Ukraine
Prof. Jan Vymazal – Czech University of Life Sciences, Prague, Czech Republic
Dr. Rafał Wawer – Institute of Soil Science and Plant Cultivation - State Research Institute, Puławy, Poland
Prof. Mirosław Wiatkowski – Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Joanna Wibig – University of Lodz, Łódź, Poland
Dr. Joanna Wicher-Dysarz – Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Ewelina Widelska – University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Poland
Dr Paweł Wilk – Polish Institute of Meteorology and Water Management, Warsaw, Poland
Dr. Justyna Wójcik-Leń – University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Poland
Dr. Krishna Yadav – Bundelkhand University Jhansi, India
Assoc. Prof. Işil Yildirim – Beykent Üniversitesi, Istanbul, Turkey
Dr. Ewa Zabłocka-Godlewska – Silesian University of Technology, Gliwice, Poland
Prof. Mariusz Zadworny – Czestochowa University of Technology, Poland
Assoc. Prof. Ewelina Zając – University of Agriculture in Krakow, Poland
Prof. Jan Zarzycki – University of Agriculture in Krakow, Poland
Prof. Jarosław Zawadzki – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland
Dr. Paweł Zawadzki – Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Bakenaz A. Zeidan – Tanta University, Egypt
Dr. Tomasz Zubala – University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Poland
Prof. Zbigniew Zwoliński – Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznań, Poland
Prof. Jacek Żarski – University of Science and Technology, Bydgoszcz, Poland
Dr. Miroslaw Żelazny – Jagiellonian University, Cracow, Poland
Prof. Andrzej Żyromski – Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Anna Źróbek-Sokolnik – University of Warmia and Mazury, Olsztyn, Poland

Journal of Water and Land Development – List of reviewers – 2018

Prof. Aminuddin Ab Ghani – Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia
Prof. Yahiaoui Abdelkrim – University of Bechar, Algeria
Prof. Habib Abida – University of Sfax, Tunisia
Prof. Mehush Aliu – University of Mitrovica, Albania
Dr. B. Boudad – Moulay Ismail University, Meknes, Morocco
Dr. Sofia Bahroun – Badji Mokhtar University of Annaba, Algeria
Assoc. Prof. Sławomir Bajkowski – Warsaw University of Life Sciences - SGGW, Poland
Dr. Łukasz Bąk – Kielce University of Technology, Kielce, Poland
Prof. Kazimierz Banasik – Warsaw University of Life Sciences - SGGW, Poland
Dr. Aliyu Salisu Barau – Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria
Prof. Icela Barcecó-Qiuntal – Metropolitan Autonomous University, Mexico City, Mexico
Dr. Kirk L. Barnett – Hawkesbury Institute for the Environment, Western Sydney University, Australia
Prof. Moussa Benhamza – Badji Mokhtar University, Annaba, Algeria
Prof. Tomasz Bergel – University of Agriculture in Krakow, Poland
Dr. Małgorzata Biniak-Pieróg – Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Jan Bondaruk – Central Mining Institute, Katowice, Poland
Prof. Zbigniew Brodziński – University of Warmia and Mazury, Olsztyn, Poland
Assoc. Prof. Krystyna Bryś – Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Science, Wrocław, Poland
Prof. Teresa Brzezińska-Wójcik – Maria Curie-Skłodowska University, Lublin, Poland
Prof. Piotr Bugajski – University of Agriculture of Krakow, Poland
Prof. Jerzy Bykowski – Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Vincent Chaplot – Pierre and Marie Curie Unversity – Paris 6, France
Prof. Bogdan Chojnicki – Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Wojciech Czekala – Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Robert Czerniawski – University of Szczecin, Poland
Prof. Przemyslaw Czerniejewski – West Pomeranian University of Technology in Szczecin, Poland
Assoc. Prof. Krzysztof Czerwionka – Gdańsk Uniwersity of Technology, Poland
Prof. Franciszek Czyżyk – Institute of Technology and Life Sciences. Falenty, Poland
Dr. Paweł Dąbek – Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Jolanta Dąbrowska – Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Ralf Dannowski – Leibniz Centre for Agricultural Land Use Research, Germany
Prof. Bożena Dębska – UTP University of Science and Technology, Bydgoszcz, Poland
Dr. Yousfi Djaffar – National Center for Space Technology, Algeria
Prof. Wojciech Dobicki – Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Rebecca S. Dodder – U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, North Carolina, United States
Dr. Tomasz Dysarz – Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Evens Emmanuel – Quisqueya University, Port-au-Prince, Haiti
Prof. Andrzej Eymontt – Institute of Technology and Life Sciences, Falenty, Poland
Prof. Tomasz Falkowski – Warsaw University of Life Sciences - SGGW, Poland
Prof. Krzysztof Fortuniak – University of Lodz, Łódź, Poland
Prof. Wiesław Gądek – Cracow University of Technology, Poland
Prof. Magdalena Gajewska – Gdansk University of Technology, Poland
Prof. Renata Gamrat – West Pomeranian University of Technology in Szczecin, Poland
Dr. Givi Gavardashvili – Georgian Water Managment Institute, Tbilisi, Georgia
Dr. Yevheniy Gerasimov – National University of Water and Environmental Engineering, Rivne, Ukraine
Dr. Abbas Gholami – Shoaml University, Amol, Iran
Prof. Daniela Gogoase Nistoran – University Politehnica of Bucharest, Romania
Dr. Iurii Golubinka – Lviv Polytechnic National University, Ukraine
Dr. Roopali V. Goyal – Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Institute of Technology, Vasad, India
Prof. Ryszard Gołdyn – Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznań, Poland
Prof. Jolanta Grochowska – University of Warmia and Mazury, Olsztyn, Poland
Dr. Jacek Grzyb – University of Agriculture of Krakow, Poland, Poland
Dr. Antoni Grzywna – University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Poland
Dr. Younes Hamed – Gafsa University, Tunisia
Prof. Eko Handayanto – University of Brawijaya, Indonesia
Dr. Helvi Heinonen-Tanski – University of Eastern Finland, Joensuu, Finland
Dr. Leszek Hejduk – Warsaw University of Life Sciences - SGGW, Poland
Prof. Beata Hejmanowska – AGH University of Science and Technology, Kraków, Poland
Prof. Piotr Ilnicki – Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Jerzy Jeznach – Warsaw University of Life Sciences - SGGW, Poland
Prof. Krzysztof Jóżwiakowski – University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Poland
Prof. Csaba Juhász – University of Debrecen, Hungary
Prof. Tibangayuka Kabanda – North West University, Potchefstroom, South Africa
Prof. Edmund Kaca – Warsaw University of Life Sciences - SGGW, Poland
Prof. Tomasz Kałuża - Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Andrzej Kapusta – Inland Fisheries Institute, Olsztyn, Poland
Dr. Nouha Kaouachi – Mouhamed Sherif Messaadia University of Souk-Ahras, Algeria
Dr. Willia Khati – University of Chadli Ben Djedid, El-Tarf, Algeria
Prof. Abdul Khan – University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan
Dr. Adam Kiczko – Warsaw University of Life Sciences - SGGW, Poland
Prof. Roman Kisiel – University of Warmia and Mazury, Olsztyn, Poland
Dr. Małgorzata Kleniewska – Warsaw University of Life Sciences – SGGW, Poland
Dr. Iwona Kłosok-Bazan – Opole University of Technology, Poland
Prof. Silvia Kohnová – Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava, Slovak Republic
Prof. Tomasz Kolerski – Gdańsk University of Technology, Poland
Prof. Marek Kopacz – AGH University of Science and Technology, Krakow, Poland
Prof. Pyotr Kovalenko – Ukrainian Academy of Agricultural Engineering and Land Reclamation, Kiev, Ukraine
Dr. Agnieszka Kowalczyk – Institute of Technology and Life Sciences, Falenty, Poland
Prof. Andrzej Krasiński – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland
Prof. Janusz Kubrak – Warsaw University of Life Sciences – SGGW, Poland
Dr. Karolina Kurek – University of Agriculture of Krakow, Poland, Poland
Dr. Rekha Kushwaha – University of Kentucky, Lexington, United States
Dr. Stanisław Lach –AGH University of Science and Technology, Krakow, Poland
Dr. Lenka Lackóová – Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, Slovak Republic
Dr. Günter Langergraber – University of Natural Resources and Applied Life Sciences, Vienna, Austria
Prof. Krzysztof Lejcuś – Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Przemysław Leń – University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Poland,
Prof. Jacek Leśny – Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Daniel Liberacki – Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Zhaoewei Liu – Tsinghua University, Beijing, China
Prof. Wiesława Lizińska – University of Warmia and Mazury, Olsztyn, Poland
Prof. Jurik Lubos – Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, Slovak Republic
Prof. Andrzej Łachacz – University of Warmia and Mazury, Olsztyn, Poland
Prof. Carmen Maftei – Ovidius University of Constanta, Romania
Prof. Artur Magnuszewski – University of Warsaw, Poland
Prof. Grzegorz Majewski – Warsaw University of Life Sciences – SGGW, Poland
Prof. Małgorzata Makowska – Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Krystyna Malińska – Czestochowa University of Technology, Poland
Prof. Jacky Mania – Lille 1 University, France
Prof. Petro Martynyuk – National University of Water and Environmental Engineering, Rivne, Ukraine
Prof. Viktor Maxin – National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine
Prof. Małgorzata Mazurek – Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznań, Poland
Dr. Jakub Mazurkiewicz – Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Jan Mazurkiewicz – Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Stanisław Mejza – Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Maria Teresa Melis – University of Cagliari, Italy
Prof. Marta Menéndez Fernández –University of León, Spain
Prof. Monika Mika – University of Agriculture in Krakow, Poland
Dr. Gabriel Minea –National Institute of Hydrology and Water Management, Bucharest, Romania
Prof. Sevastel Mircea – University of Agronomic Science and Veterinary Medicine, Bucharest, Romania
Dr. El-Hadj Mokhtari – University of Hassiba Ben Bouali, Chlef, Algeria
Dr. Piotr Moniewski – Regional Inspectorate of Environmental Protection in Lodz, Poland
Prof. Józef Mosiej – Warsaw University of Life Scieces – SGGW, Poland
Dr. Amitouche Mourad – M’Hamed Bouguerra University of Boumerdes, Algeria
Prof. Ismet Mulliqi – University of Mitrovica "Isa Boletini", Albania
Dr. Tommaso Musner –University of Padua, Italy
Prof. Fulbert Namwamba – Southern University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, United States
Prof. Abdelazim Mohamed Abdelhamid Negm – Zagazig University, Egypt
Prof. Irena Niedźwiecka-Filipiak – Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Kamil Nieścioruk – University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Poland
Dr. Witold Nocoń – Silesian University of Technology, Gliwice, Poland
Prof. Laftouhi Noureddine – Cadi Ayyad University, Marrakech, Morocco
Dr. Mojtaba Noury – Islamic Azad University, Malard Branch, Malard, Iran
Dr. Eugeniusz Nowocień – Institute of Soil Science and Plant Cultivation - State Research Institute, Puławy, Poland
Dr. Grzegorz Oleniacz – Rzeszow University of Technology, Poland
Prof. Beata Olszewska – Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Ednah Onyari –University of South Africa, Pretoria, South Africa
Dr. Agnieszka Operacz – University of Agriculture in Krakow, Poland
Prof. Bogdan Ozga-Zieliński – Institute of Meteorology and Water Management - State Research Institute, Warsaw, Poland
Prof. Katarzyna Pawęska – Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Jan Pawełek – University of Agriculture in Krakow, Poland
Prof. Jan Pawlak – Institute of Technology and Life Sciences, Falenty, Poland
Dr. Grzegorz Pęczkowski – Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Velta Persova – Latvian Agricultural University, Jelgava, Latvia
Prof. Edward Pierzgalski – Forest Research Institute, Sękocin, Poland
Prof. Stefan Pietrzak – Institute of Technology and Life Science, Falenty, Poland
Dr. Iwona Pińskwar – Institute for Agricultural and Forest Environment, Polish Academy of Sciences, Poznań, Poland
Prof. Karol Plesiński – University of Agriculture in Krakow, Poland
Prof. Ryszard Pokładek – Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Agnieszka Policht-Latawiec – University of Agriculture in Krakow, Poland
Prof. Zbigniew Popek – Warsaw University of Life Scieces – SGGW, Poland
Prof. Prakash D. Porey – Sardar Vallabhbhai National Institute of Technology, Surat; Indian Society for Hydraulics, Khadakwasla; Indian Society for Wind Engineering, India
Dr. Erik Querner – Querner Consult, Wageningen, Netherlands
Dr. S. Abdul Rahaman – Bharathidasan University, Tiruchirappalli, India
Prof. Tomasz Rozbicki – Warsaw University of Life Sciences – SGGW, Poland
Prof. Roman Rolbiecki - University of Science and Technology, Bydgoszcz, Poland
Master Suhaila Sahat – Universiti Tun Hussein Onn, Parit Raja, Malaysia
Dr. Roberto Serrano-Notivoli – University of Zaragoza, Spain
Prof. Abdol Aziz Shahraki – The Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden
Dr. Tamara Shevchenko –O.M. Beketov National University of Urban Economy in Kharkiv, Ukraine
Dr. Sergey Shevchuk – Institute of Water Problems and Land Reclamation of the National Academy of Agrarian Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine
Master Kodicherla Shiva Prashanth Kumar – Xi’an Jiaotong-Liverpool University, Suzhou, China
Prof. Vasil Simeonov – University of Sofia „St. Kliment Ohridski”, Bulgaria"
Prof. Umesh Singh – Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India
Prof. Tadeusz Siwiec – Warsaw University of Life Sciences – SGGW, Poland
Dr. Mirosław Skorbiłowicz – Bialystok University of Technology, Poland
Prof. Izabela Skrzypczak – Rzeszow University of Technology, Poland
Dr Andrzej Skwierawski – University of Warmia and Mazury, Olsztyn, Poland
Prof. Mariusz Sojka – Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Adam Sokołowski – University of Gdansk, Poland
Dr. Marcin Spychała – Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Zbigniew Sroka – Wrocław University of Science and Technology, Poland
Prof. Piotr Stachowski – Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Rafał Stasik – Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Ruzica Stricevic – University of Belgrade, Serbia
Prof. Bagong Suyanto – Airlangga University, Surabaya, Indonesia
Prof. Lech Szajdak – Institute for Agricultural and Forest Environment, Polish Academy of Sciences, Poznań, Poland
Prof. Szymon Szewrański – Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Wiesław Szulczewski – Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Maciej Szwast – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland
Prof. Tomasz Szymczak – Institute of Technology and Life Science, Falenty, Poland
Prof. Edmund Tomaszewski – University of Lodz, Łódź, Poland
Prof. Waldemar Treder – Research Institute of Horticulture, Skierniewice, Poland
Dr. Krzysztof Ukalski – Warsaw University of Life Sciences – SGGW, Poland
Dr. Andrés Vargas – Pontifical Xavierian University, Bogota, Colombia
Prof. Magdalena Vaverková – Mendel University in Brno, Czech Republic
Prof. Liana Vuta – University Politehnica of Bucharest, Romania
Dr. Raphael Wambua – Egerton University, Kenya
Dr. Rafał Wawer – Institute of Soil Science and Plant Cultivation - State Research Institute, Puławy, Poland
Prof. Mirosław Wiatkowski – Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Joanna Wibig – University of Lodz, Łódź, Poland
Dr. Joanna Wicher-Dysarz – Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Barbara Wiśniowska-Kielian – University of Agriculture in Krakow, Poland
Prof. Franciszek Woch – Institute of Soil Science and Plant Cultivation - State Research Institute, Puławy, Poland
Dr. Nurul hila Zainuddin – Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Malaysia
Prof. Jarosław Zawadzki – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland
Prof. Aziez Zeddouiri – University of Ouargla, Algeria
Prof. Abdel Razik Ahmed Zidan – Mansoura University, Egypt
Prof. Agnieszka Zwirowicz-Rutkowska – University of Warmia and Mazury, Olsztyn, Poland
Prof. Zbigniew Zwolinski – Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznań, Poland
Dr. Tymoteusz Zydroń – University of Agriculture in Krakow, Poland
Prof. Jacek Żarski –UTP University of Science and Technology, Bydgoszcz, Poland
Prof. Miroslaw Żelazny – Jagiellonian University, Cracow, Poland
Prof. Romuald Żmuda – Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Andrzej Żyromski – Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Anna Źróbek-Sokolnik – University of Warmia and Mazury, Olsztyn, Poland

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