Diversity and distribution of European whitefish ( Coregonus lavaretus) in the watercourses of Murmansk region

Journal title

Polish Polar Research




vol. 43


No 1


Zubova, Elena Mikhailovna : Aquatic Ecosystems Laboratory at the Institute of Industrial Ecology of the North, Kola Scientific Center, Russian Academy of Sciences, Akademgorodok 14a, 184209 Apatity, Murmansk region, Russia ; Kashulin, Nikolay Alexandrovich : Aquatic Ecosystems Laboratory at the Institute of Industrial Ecology of the North, Kola Scientific Center, Russian Academy of Sciences, Akademgorodok 14a, 184209 Apatity, Murmansk region, Russia ; Terentjev, Petr Mikhailovich : Aquatic Ecosystems Laboratory at the Institute of Industrial Ecology of the North, Kola Scientific Center, Russian Academy of Sciences, Akademgorodok 14a, 184209 Apatity, Murmansk region, Russia ; Melekhin, Alexey Valerievich : Flora and Vegetation Laboratory at the Polar-Alpine Botanical Garden-Institute, Kola Science Center, Russian Academy of Sciences, Akademgorodok 18a, 184209 Apatity, Murmansk region, Russia



Arctic ; northwestern Russia ; whitefish ; sympatric morphs

Divisions of PAS

Nauki o Ziemi




Polish Academy of Sciences ; Committee on Polar Research


Amundsen P.-A., Staldvik F., Lukin A., Kashulin N., Reshetnikov Yu.S. and Popova O. 1993. Ecology and heavy metal contaminations in the fish communities of the Pasvik River System. Report. Norwegian College of Fishery Science, University of Tromsø, Norway.
Amundsen P.-A., Staldvik F. and Lukin A. 1997. Heavy metal contamination in freshwater fish from the border region between Norway and Russia. Science of the Total Environment 201: 211–224.
Amundsen P.-A., Staldvik F.J., Reshetnikov Yu.S., Kashulin N.A., Lukin A.A., Bøhn T., Sandlund O.T. and Popova O.A. 1999. Invasion of vendace (Coregonus albula) in a subarctic watercourse. Biological Conservation 88: 405–413.
Amundsen P.-A., Bøhn T. and Våga G. 2004а. Gill raker morphology and feeding ecology of two sympatric whitefish (Coregonus lavaretus) morphs. Annales ZoologiciFennici 41: 291– 300.
Amundsen P.-A., Knudsen R., Klemetsen A. and Kristoffersen R. 2004b. Resource competition and interactive segregation between sympatric whitefish morphs. Annales Zoologici Fennici 41: 301–307.
Bernatchez L. 2004. Ecological theory of adaptive radiation: empirical assessment from Coregonine fishes (Salmoniformes). In: Hendry A.P. and Stearns S.C. (eds.) Evolution illuminated: salmon and their relatives. Oxford, Oxford University Press: 175–207.
Bhat S., Amundsen P.-A., Knudsen R., Gjelland K.Ø., Fevolden S.-E., Bernatchez L. and Prǽbel K. 2014. Speciation reversal in European whitefish (Coregonus lavaretus (L.)) caused by competitor invasion. PloS ONE 9: e91208.
Bydin F.I. 1962. Catalog of rivers in Murmansk Region. Academy of Sciences of the USSR, Moscow, Leningrad (in Russian).
Bøhn T. and Amundsen P.-A.1998. Effects of invading vendace (Coregonus albula L.) on species composition and body size in two zooplankton communities of the Pasvik River system, Northern Norway. Journal Plankton Research 20: 243–256.
Dauvalter V.A. and Kashulin N.A. 2010. Chalcophilic elements (Hg, Cd, Pb, As) in Lake Umbozero, Murmansk region. Water Resources 37: 461–476.
Feulner P.G.D. and Seehausen O. 2019. Genomic insights into the vulnerability of sympatric whitefish species flocks. Molecular Ecology 28: 615–629.
Griffiths A.J.F., Miller J.H., Suzuki D.T., Lewontin R. and Gelbart W.M. 2000. An introduction to genetic analysis, 7th Edition. New York: W.H. Freeman.
Harrod C., Mallela L. and Kahilainen K. 2010. Phenotype-environment correlations in a putative whitefish adaptive radiation. Journal of Animal Ecology 79: 1057–1068.
Kahilainen K., Lehtonen H. and Könönen K. 2003.Consequence of habitat segregation to growth rate of two sparsely rakered whitefish (Coregonus lavaretus (L.)) forms in a subarctic lake. Ecolоgy of Freshwater Fish 12: 275–285.
Kahilainen K., AlajärviE. and Lehtonen H. 2005. Planktivory and diet-overlap of densely rakered whitefish (Coregonus lavaretus (L.)) in a subarctic lake. Ecolоgy of Freshwater Fish 14: 50–58.
Kahilainen K.K., Malinen T., Tuamaala A. and Lehtonen H. 2004. Diel and seasonal habitat and food segregation of three sympatric Coregonus lavaretus forms in a subarctic lake. Journal of Fish Biology 64: 418–434.
Kahilainen K.K. and Østbye K. 2006. Morphological differentiation and resource polymorphism in three sympatric whitefish Coregonus lavaretus (L.) forms in a subarctic lake. Journal of Fish Biology 68: 63–79.
Kahilainen K.K., Malinen T., Tuomaala A., Alajaervi E., Tolonen A. and Lehtonen H. 2007. Empirical evaluation of phenotype–environment correlation and trait utility with allopatric and sympatric whitefish, Coregonus lavaretus (L.), populations in subarctic lakes. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 92: 561–572.
Kahilainen K.K., Malinen T. and Lentonen H. 2009. Polar light regime and piscivory govern diel vertical migrations of planktivorous fish and zooplankton in a subarctic lake. Ecology Freshwater Fish 18: 481–490.
Kahilainen K.K., Siwertsson A., Gjelland K.Ø., Knudsen R., BøhnT. and Amundsen P.-A. 2011. The role of gill raker number variability in adaptive radiation of coregonid fish. EvolutionaryEcology 25: 573–588.
Kahilainen K., Patterson W., Sonninen E., Harrod C. and KiljunenМ. 2014. Adaptive Radiation along a Thermal gradient: preliminary results of habitat use and respiration rate divergence among whitefish morphs. PloS ONE9: e112085.
Kahi ainen K.K., Thomas S.M. and Nystedt E.K.M. 2017. Ecomorphological divergence drives differential mercury bioaccumulation in polymorphic European whitefish (Coregonus lavaretus) populations of subarctic lake. Science of the Total Environment 599–600: 1768– 1778.
Kashulin N.A., Lukin A.A. and Amundsen P.-A. 1999. Fish species of the freshwater water bodies of the Subarctic zone as bioindicators of industrial pollution. Kola Research Center RAS, Apatity (in Russian).
Kashulin N.A. 2004. Fish species of small lakes in Northern Fennoscandia under conditions of airborne industrial pollution. Kola Research Center RAS, Apatity (in Russian).
Kashulin N.A., Dauvalter V.A., Sandimirov S.S., Ratkin N.E., Terentjev P.M., Koroleva I.M., Vandysh O.I. and Kudryavtseva L.P. 2007. Anthropogenic changes in the lotic ecosystems of the Murmansk region. Part 2: Lake-river system of the Chuna River in the conditions of aerotechnogenic pollution. Kola Research Center RAS, Apatity (in Russian).
Kashulin N.A., Sandimirov S.S., Dauvalter V.A., Kudryavtseva L.P., Terentjev P.M. and Denisov D.B. 2009. Ecological catalog of lakes in Murmansk region: north-western part of the Murmansk region and border areas of neighboring countries. Kola Research Center RAS, Apatity (in Russian).
Kashulin N.A., Sandimirov S.S., Dauvalter V.A., Kudryatseva L.P., Terentyev P.M., Denisov D.B., Vandysh O.I. and Valkova S.A. 2012. Annotated ecological catalog of lakes in Murmansk Region: southeast (White Sea Basin). Kola Research Center RAS, Apatity (in Russian).
Klemetsen A., Elliott J.M., Knudsen R. and Sørensen P. 2002. Evidence for genetic differences in the offspring of two sympatric morphs of Arctic charr. Journal of Fish Biology 60: 933– 950.
Knudsen R., Klemetsen A., Amundsen P.-A. and Hermansen B. 2006. Incipient speciation through niche expansion: an example from the Arctic charr in a subarctic lake. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 273: 2291–2298.
Laske S.M., Rosenbergerc A.E., Wipflid M.S. and Zimmerman C.E. 2019. Surface water connectivity controls fish food web structure and complexity across local- and meta-food webs in Arctic Coastal Plain lakes. Food Webs 21: 1–13.
Likens G.E. 1975. Primary productivity of inland aquatic ecosystems. Primary Productivity of the Biosphere. Springer–Verlag, New York.
Lukin A.A. and Kashulin N.A. 1991. The state of the ichthyofauna in the water bodies in the border zone of the USSR and Norway. Kola Research Center RAS, Apatity (in Russian).
Lundsgaard-Hansen B., Matthews P.B., Vonlanthen P., Taverna A. and Seehausen O. 2013. Adaptive plasticity and genetic divergence in feeding efficiency during parallel adaptive radiation of whitefish (Coregonus spp.). Journal of Evolutionary Biology 26: 483– 498.
Mina M.V. 1986. Fish microevolution: evolutionary aspects of phenetic diversity. Nauka, Moscow (in Russian).
Moiseenko T.I. 1991. Acidification and heavy metal pollution of the surface waters of the Kola Arctic. Kola Research Center RAS, Apatity (in Russian).
Moiseenko T.I. 1997. Theoretical foundations for the regulation of anthropogenic loads on the water bodies in the subarctic zone. Kola Research Center RAS, Apatity.
Moiseenko T.I. 2000. Morphophysiological transformations in the fish organism under the influence of pollution (in the context of Schwartz theory). Ecology 6: 463–472.
Moiseenko T.I. and Yakovlev V.A. 1990. Anthropogenic transformations of aquatic ecosystems in the Kola Arctic. Nauka, Leningrad (in Russian).
Moiseenko T.I. and Lukina A. 1999. Fish pathologies in polluted water bodies of the subarctic zone and their identification. Journal of Ichthyology 39: 535–547.
Moiseenko T.I., Dauvalter V.A., Lukin A.A., Kudryavtseva L.P., Ilyashuk B.P., Ilyashuk E.A., Sandimirov S.S., Kagan L.A., Vandysh O.I., Sharov A.N., Sharova U.N. and Koroleva I.M. 2002. Anthropogenic modifications of the Lake Imandra ecosystem. Nauka, Moscow (in Russian).
Østbye K., Naesje T.-F., Bernatchez L., Sandlund O.T. and Hindar K. 2005. Morphological divergence and origin of sympatric populations of European whitefish (Coregonus lavaretus (L.) in Lake Femud, Norway. Journal Evolutionary Biology 18: 683–702.
Pravdin I.F. 1954. Whitefish in the water bodies of the Karelo-Finnish SSR. USSR Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Leningrad (in Russian).
Pravdin I.F. 1966. Guide to the study of fish. Food Industry, Moscow (in Russian).
Præbel K., Knudsen R., Siwertsson A., Karhunen M., Kahilainen K.K., Ovaskainen O., Østbye K.,
Peruzzi S., Fevolden S.-E. and AmundsenP.-A. 2013. Ecological speciation in postglacial European whitefish: rapid adaptive radiations into the littoral, pelagic, and profundal lake habitats. Ecology and Evolution Research 15: 4970–4986.
Reshetnikov Yu.S.1966. Features of the growth and maturation of whitefishes in the water bodies of the North. Dynamics of the abundance of fish in the White Sea and its basin. Nauka, Moscow: 93–155 (in Russian).
Reshetnikov Yu.S. 1980. Ecology and taxonomy of whitefishes. Nauka, Moscow.
Reshetnikov Yu.S. and Bogdanov V.D. 2011. Reproduction of whitefishes. Journal of Ichthyology 51: 502–525.
Reshetnikov Yu.S., Sterligova O.P., Anikieva L.V. and Koroleva I.M. 2020. Manifestation of unusual properties in fish in a new environment: a case study of vendace Coregonus albula and smelt Osmerus eperlanus. Journal of Ichthyology 60: 352–363.
Rougeux C., Gagnaire P.-A. and Bernatchez L. 2019. Model‐based demographic inference of introgression history in European whitefish species pairs'. Journalof Evolutionary Biology 32: 806–817.
Schluter D. 1996. Ecological speciation in postglacial fishes. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences351: 807–814.
Sharova Y.G. and Lukin A.A. 2000. Reproduction of whitefish Coregonus lavaretus when exposed to multifactor pollution). Journal of Ichthyology 40: 425–428.
Siwertsson A., Knudsen R. and Amundsen P.-A. 2008. Temporal stability in gill raker numbers of subarctic European whitefish populations. Advances in Limnology 63: 229–240.
Siwertsson A., Knudsen R., Kahilainen K., Præbel K., Primicerno R. and Amundsen P.-A.2010. Sympatric diversification as influenced by ecological opportunity and historical con- tingency in a young species lineage of whitefish. Evolutionary Ecology Research 12: 929– 947.
Skúlason S., Parson K.J., Svanbäck R., Räsänen K., Ferguson M.M., Adams C.E., Amundsen P.-A., Bartels P., Bean C.W., Boughman J.W., Englund G., Guðbrandsson G.J., Hooker O.E., Hudson A.G., Kahilainen K.K., Knudsen R., Kristjánsson B.K., Leblanc C.A.-L., Jonsson Z., Öhlund G., Smith C. and Snorrason S.S. 2019. A way forward with eco evo devo: an extended theory of recourse polymorphism with postglacial fishes as model system. Biological Reviews 94: 1786–1808.
Thomas S.M., Kainz M.J., Amundsen P.-A., Hayden B., Taipale S.J. and Kahilainen K.K. 2019. Resource polymorphism in European whitefish: Analysis of fatty acid profiles provides more detailed evidence than traditional methods alone. PloS ONE 14: e0221338.
Van Oosten J. 1928. Life history of the lake herring (Leucichthys artedi Le Sueur) of Lake Huron as revealed by its scales, with a critique of the scale method. USA Bureau of Fisheries Bulletin44: 265–428.
Ylikörkkö J., Christensen G.N., Kashulin N., Denisov D., Andersen H.J. and Jelkänen E. 2015. Environmental Challenges in the Joint Border Area. Reports 41. Centre for Economic Development, Transport and the Environment for Lapland. Juvenes Print, Kokkola (in Russian).
Zubova Е.M., Kashulin N.A., Terentjev P.M., Denisov D.B. and Valkova S.A. 2016a. Linear growth of sparsely rakered whitefish Coregonus lavaretus (Coregonidae) of the Imandra Lake (Murmansk Oblast). Journal of Ichthyology 56: 588–599.
Zubova E.M., Kashulin N.A. and Terentjev P.M. 2016b. Go to the method of growth rate baсk- calculation of whitefish Coregonus lavaretus (L.) in reservoirs of Northern Fennoscandia. Transactions of Karelian Research Centre of Russian Academy of Science 9: 78–89 (in Russian).
Zubova E.M., Kashulin N.A., Terentjev P.M., Valkova S.A., Cherepanov A.A. and Postnova S.V. 2018. New data on morphological features of the branchial apparatus of sparsely rakered and medium rakered morphs of whitefish Сoregonus lavaretus (L.) from the largest subarctic lake. Biology of Inland Water Bodies 4: 465–476.
Zubova E.M., Kashulin N.A. and Terentjev P.M. 2019. Biotic sympatry in the whitefish Coregonus lavaretus (L.) in Lake Kuetsjarvi (the Pasvik River basin, Murmansk Region). Principles of Ecology2: 3–20.
Zubova E.M., KashulinN.A., DauvalterV.A., Denisov D.B., Valkova S.A., Vandysh O.I., Slukovskii Z.I., Terentjev P.M. and Cherepanov A.A. 2020. Long-term environmental monitoring in an arctic lake polluted by metals under climate change. Environments 7(5): 34.
Zuikova E.I. and Bochkarev N.A. 2008. Structure and functioning of the branchial-jaw apparatus in the whitefish Coregonus lavaretus pravdinellus. Journal of Ichthyology 48: 76–776.






DOI: 10.24425/ppr.2021.138589

Editorial Board

Editorial Advisory Board

Robert BIALIK (Warszawa, Poland)

Magda BŁAŻEWICZ (Łódź, Poland)

Alistair CRAME (Cambridge, UK)

Josef ELSTER (České Budějovice, Czechia)

Jacek JANIA (Sosnowiec, Poland)

Cezary KABAŁA (Wrocław, Poland)

Jerónimo LÓPEZ-MARTINEZ (Madrid, Spain)

Krzysztof MIGAŁA (Wrocław, Poland)

Jerzy NAWROCKI (Warszawa, Poland)

Maria OLECH (Kraków, Poland)

Sergej OLENIN (Klaipeda, Litva)

Sandra PASSCHIER (Montclair, USA)

Jan PAWŁOWSKI (Sopot, Poland)

Żaneta POLKOWSKA (Gdańsk, Poland)

Gerhard SCHMIEDL (Hamburg, Germany)

Peter SCHWEITZER (Vienna, Austria)

Janne SOREIDE (UNIS, Svalbard)

Lech STEMPNIEWICZ (Gdańsk, Poland)

Mateusz STRZELECKI (Wrocław, Poland)

Witold SZCZUCIŃSKI (Poznań, Poland)

Slawek TULACZYK (Santa Cruz, USA)

Jan Marcin WĘSŁAWSKI (Sopot, Poland) - President

Abstracting & Indexing

Abstracting & Indexing

Polish Polar Research is covered by the following services:

  • AGRICOLA (National Agricultural Library)
  • AGRO
  • Arianta
  • Baidu Scholar
  • Cabell's Directory
  • CABI (over 50 subsections)
  • Celdes
  • CNKI Scholar (China National Knowledge Infrastructure)
  • Cold Regions Bibliography
  • Current Antarctic Literature
  • DOAJ (Directory of Open Access Journals)
  • EBSCO (relevant databases)
  • EBSCO Discovery Service
  • Elsevier - Geobase
  • Elsevier - Reaxys
  • Elsevier - SCOPUS
  • Genamics JournalSeek
  • Google Scholar
  • J-Gate
  • JournalTOCs
  • Naviga (Softweco)
  • Polish Scientific Journals Contents
  • Primo Central (ExLibris)
  • ProQuest (relevant databases)
  • ReadCube
  • ResearchGate
  • SCImago (SJR)
  • Summon (Serials Solutions/ProQuest)
  • TDOne (TDNet)
  • Thomson Reuters - Biological Abstracts
  • Thomson Reuters - BIOSIS Previews
  • Thomson Reuters - Journal Citation Reports/Science Edition
  • Thomson Reuters - Science Citation Index Expanded
  • Thomson Reuters - Zoological Record
  • Ulrich's Periodicals Directory/ulrichsweb
  • WorldCat (OCLC)