The study presents the issue of kinematic discrepancy of hydrostatic drive systems of high mobility vehicles, and its impact on the presence of the unfavourable phenomenon of circulating power. Furthermore, it presents a theoretical discussion concerning the capacity of the compensation of kinematic discrepancy by a hydrostatic drive system on the basis of tests using static characteristics.

[1] A. Valera-Medina, A. Giles, D. Pugh, S. Morris, M. Pohl, and A. Ortwein. Investigation of combustion of emulated biogas in a gas turbine test rig.
*Journal of Thermal Science*, 27:331–340, 2018. doi:
10.1007/s11630-018-1024-1.

[2] K. Tanaka and I. Ushiyama. Thermodynamic performance analysis of gas turbine power plants with intercooler: 1st report, Theory of intercooling and performance of intercooling type gas turbine.*Bulletin of JSME*, 13(64):1210–1231, 1970. doi:
10.1299/jsme1958.13.1210.

[3] H.M. Kwon, T.S. Kim, J.L. Sohn, and D.W. Kang. Performance improvement of gas turbine combined cycle power plant by dual cooling of the inlet air and turbine coolant using an absorption chiller.*Energy*, 163:1050–1061, 2018. doi:
10.1016/j.energy.2018.08.191.

[4] A.T. Baheta and S.I.-U.-H. Gilani. The effect of ambient temperature on a gas turbine performance in part load operation.*AIP Conference Proceedings*, 1440:889–893, 2012. doi:
10.1063/1.4704300.

[5] F.R. Pance Arrieta and E.E. Silva Lora. Influence of ambient temperature on combined-cycle power-plant performance.*Applied Energy*, 80(3):261–272, 2005. doi:
10.1016/j.apenergy.2004.04.007.

[6] M. Ameri and P. Ahmadi. The study of ambient temperature effects on exergy losses of a heat recovery steam generator. In: Cen, K., Chi, Y., Wang, F. (eds)*Challenges of Power Engineering and Environment*. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2007. doi:
10.1007/978-3-540-76694-0_9.

[7] M.A.A. Alfellag: Parametric investigation of a modified gas turbine power plant.*Thermal Science and Engineering Progress*, 3:141–149, 2017. doi:
10.1016/j.tsep.2017.07.004.

[8] J.H. Horlock and W.A. Woods. Determination of the optimum performance of gas turbines.*Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part C: Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science*, 214:243–255, 2000. doi:
10.1243/0954406001522930.

[9] L. Battisti, R. Fedrizzi, and G. Cerri. Novel technology for gas turbine blade effusion cooling. In:*Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo 2006: Power for Land, Sea, and Air. Volume 3: Heat Transfer, Parts A and B*. pages 491–501. Barcelona, Spain. May 8–11, 2006. doi:
10.1115/GT2006-90516.

[10] F.J. Wang and J.S. Chiou. Integration of steam injection and inlet air cooling for a gas turbine generation system.*Energy Conversion and Management*, 45(1):15–26, 2004. doi:
10.1016/S0196-8904 (03)00125-0.

[11] Z. Wang.*1.23 Energy and air pollution*. In I. Dincer (ed.):
*Comprehensive Energy Systems*, pp. 909–949. Elsevier, 2018. doi:
10.1016/B978-0-12-809597-3.00127-9.

[12] Z. Khorshidi, N.H. Florin, M.T. Ho, and D.E. Wiley. Techno-economic evaluation of co-firing biomass gas with natural gas in existing NGCC plants with and without CO$_2$ capture.*International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control*, 49:343–363, 2016. doi:
10.1016/j.ijggc.2016.03.007.

[13] K. Mohammadi, M. Saghafifar, and J.G. McGowan. Thermo-economic evaluation of modifications to a gas power plant with an air bottoming combined cycle.*Energy Conversion and Management*, 172:619–644, 2018. doi:
10.1016/j.enconman.2018.07.038.

[14] S. Mohtaram, J. Lin, W. Chen, and M.A. Nikbakht. Evaluating the effect of ammonia-water dilution pressure and its density on thermodynamic performance of combined cycles by the energy-exergy analysis approach.*Mechanika*, 23(2):18110, 2017. doi:
10.5755/j01.mech.23.2.18110.

[15] M. Maheshwari and O. Singh. Comparative evaluation of different combined cycle configurations having simple gas turbine, steam turbine and ammonia water turbine.*Energy*, 168:1217–1236, 2019. doi:
10.1016/j.energy.2018.12.008.

[16] A. Khaliq and S.C. Kaushik. Second-law based thermodynamic analysis of Brayton/Rankine combined power cycle with reheat.*Applied Energy*, 78(2):179–197, 2004. doi:
10.1016/j.apenergy.2003.08.002.

[17] M. Aliyu, A.B. AlQudaihi, S.A.M. Said, and M.A. Habib. Energy, exergy and parametric analysis of a combined cycle power plant.*Thermal Science and Engineering Progress*. 15:100450, 2020. doi:
10.1016/j.tsep.2019.100450.

[18] M.N. Khan, T.A. Alkanhal, J. Majdoubi, and I. Tlili. Performance enhancement of regenerative gas turbine: air bottoming combined cycle using bypass valve and heat exchanger—energy and exergy analysis.*Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry*. 144:821–834, 2021. doi:
10.1007/s10973-020-09550-w.

[19] F. Rueda Martínez, A. Rueda Martínez, A. Toleda Velazquez, P. Quinto Diez, G. Tolentino Eslava, and J. Abugaber Francis. Evaluation of the gas turbine inlet temperature with relation to the excess air.*Energy and Power Engineering*, 3(4):517–524, 2011. doi:
10.4236/epe.2011.34063.

[20] A.K. Mohapatra and R. Sanjay. Exergetic evaluation of gas-turbine based combined cycle system with vapor absorption inlet cooling.*Applied Thermal Engineering*, 136:431–443, 2018. doi:
10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2018.03.023.

[21] A.A. Alsairafi. Effects of ambient conditions on the thermodynamic performance of hybrid nuclear-combined cycle power plant.*International Journal of Energy Research*, 37(3):211–227, 2013. doi:
10.1002/er.1901.

[22] A.K. Tiwari, M.M. Hasan, and M. Islam. Effect of ambient temperature on the performance of a combined cycle power plant.*Transactions of the Canadian Society for Mechanical Engineering*, 37(4):1177–1188, 2013. doi:
10.1139/tcsme-2013-0099.

[23] T.K. Ibrahim, M.M. Rahman, and A.N. Abdalla. Gas turbine configuration for improving the performance of combined cycle power plant.*Procedia Engineering*, 15:4216–4223, 2011. doi:
10.1016/j.proeng.2011.08.791.

[24] M.N. Khan and I. Tlili. New advancement of high performance for a combined cycle power plant: Thermodynamic analysis.*Case Studies in Thermal Engineering*. 12:166–175, 2018. doi:
10.1016/j.csite.2018.04.001.

[25] S.Y. Ebaid and Q.Z. Al-hamdan. Thermodynamic analysis of different configurations of combined cycle power plants.*Mechanical Engineering Research*. 5(2):89–113, 2015. doi:
10.5539/mer.v5n2p89.

[26] R. Teflissi and A. Ataei. Effect of temperature and gas flow on the efficiency of an air bottoming cycle.*Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy*, 5(2):021409, 2013. doi:
10.1063/1.4798486.

[27] A.A. Bazmi, G. Zahedi, and H. Hashim. Design of decentralized biopower generation and distribution system for developing countries.*Journal of Cleaner Production*, 86:209–220, 2015. doi:
10.1016/j.jclepro.2014.08.084.

[28] A.I. Chatzimouratidis and P.A. Pilavachi. Decision support systems for power plants impact on the living standard.*Energy Conversion and Management*, 64:182–198, 2012. doi:
10.1016/j.enconman.2012.05.006.

[29] T.K. Ibrahim, F. Basrawi, O.I. Awad, A.N. Abdullah, G. Najafi, R. Mamat, and F.Y. Hagos. Thermal performance of gas turbine power plant based on exergy analysis.*Applied Thermal Engineering*, 115:977–985, 2017. doi:
10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2017.01.032.

[30] M. Ghazikhani, I. Khazaee, and E. Abdekhodaie. Exergy analysis of gas turbine with air bottoming cycle.*Energy*, 72:599–607, 2014. doi:
10.1016/j.energy.2014.05.085.

[31] M.N. Khan, I. Tlili, and W.A. Khan. thermodynamic optimization of new combined gas/steam power cycles with HRSG and heat exchanger.*Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering*, 42:4547–4558, 2017. doi:
10.1007/s13369-017-2549-4.

[32] N. Abdelhafidi, İ.H. Yılmaz, and N.E.I. Bachari. An innovative dynamic model for an integrated solar combined cycle power plant under off-design conditions.*Energy Conversion and Management*, 220:113066, 2020. doi:
10.1016/j.enconman.2020.113066.

[33] T.K. Ibrahim, M.K. Mohammed, O.I. Awad, M.M. Rahman, G. Najafi, F. Basrawi, A.N. Abd Alla, and R. Mamat. The optimum performance of the combined cycle power plant: A comprehensive review.*Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews*, 79:459–474, 2017. doi:
10.1016/j.rser.2017.05.060.

[34] M.N. Khan. Energy and exergy analyses of regenerative gas turbine air-bottoming combined cycle: optimum performance.*Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering*, 45:5895–5905, 2020. doi:
10.1007/s13369-020-04600-9.

[35] A.M. Alklaibi, M.N. Khan, and W.A. Khan. Thermodynamic analysis of gas turbine with air bottoming cycle.*Energy*, 107:603–611, 2016. doi:
10.1016/j.energy.2016.04.055.

[36] M. Ghazikhani, M. Passandideh-Fard, and M. Mousavi. Two new high-performance cycles for gas turbine with air bottoming.*Energy*, 36(1):294–304, 2011. doi:
10.1016/j.energy.2010.10.040.

[37] M.N. Khan and I. Tlili. Innovative thermodynamic parametric investigation of gas and steam bottoming cycles with heat exchanger and heat recovery steam generator: Energy and exergy analysis.*Energy Reports*, 4:497–506, 2018. doi:
10.1016/j.egyr.2018.07.007.

[38] M.N. Khan and I. Tlili. Performance enhancement of a combined cycle using heat exchanger bypass control: A thermodynamic investigation.*Journal of Cleaner Production*, 192:443–452, 2018. doi:
10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.04.272.

[39] M. Korobitsyn. Industrial applications of the air bottoming cycle.*Energy Conversion and Management*, 43(9-12):1311–1322, 2002. doi:
10.1016/S0196-8904(02)00017-1.

[40] T.K. Ibrahim and M.M. Rahman. optimum performance improvements of the combined cycle based on an intercooler–reheated gas turbine.*Journal of Energy Resources Technology*, 137(6):061601, 2015. doi:
10.1115/1.4030447.

Go to article
[2] K. Tanaka and I. Ushiyama. Thermodynamic performance analysis of gas turbine power plants with intercooler: 1st report, Theory of intercooling and performance of intercooling type gas turbine.

[3] H.M. Kwon, T.S. Kim, J.L. Sohn, and D.W. Kang. Performance improvement of gas turbine combined cycle power plant by dual cooling of the inlet air and turbine coolant using an absorption chiller.

[4] A.T. Baheta and S.I.-U.-H. Gilani. The effect of ambient temperature on a gas turbine performance in part load operation.

[5] F.R. Pance Arrieta and E.E. Silva Lora. Influence of ambient temperature on combined-cycle power-plant performance.

[6] M. Ameri and P. Ahmadi. The study of ambient temperature effects on exergy losses of a heat recovery steam generator. In: Cen, K., Chi, Y., Wang, F. (eds)

[7] M.A.A. Alfellag: Parametric investigation of a modified gas turbine power plant.

[8] J.H. Horlock and W.A. Woods. Determination of the optimum performance of gas turbines.

[9] L. Battisti, R. Fedrizzi, and G. Cerri. Novel technology for gas turbine blade effusion cooling. In:

[10] F.J. Wang and J.S. Chiou. Integration of steam injection and inlet air cooling for a gas turbine generation system.

[11] Z. Wang.

[12] Z. Khorshidi, N.H. Florin, M.T. Ho, and D.E. Wiley. Techno-economic evaluation of co-firing biomass gas with natural gas in existing NGCC plants with and without CO$_2$ capture.

[13] K. Mohammadi, M. Saghafifar, and J.G. McGowan. Thermo-economic evaluation of modifications to a gas power plant with an air bottoming combined cycle.

[14] S. Mohtaram, J. Lin, W. Chen, and M.A. Nikbakht. Evaluating the effect of ammonia-water dilution pressure and its density on thermodynamic performance of combined cycles by the energy-exergy analysis approach.

[15] M. Maheshwari and O. Singh. Comparative evaluation of different combined cycle configurations having simple gas turbine, steam turbine and ammonia water turbine.

[16] A. Khaliq and S.C. Kaushik. Second-law based thermodynamic analysis of Brayton/Rankine combined power cycle with reheat.

[17] M. Aliyu, A.B. AlQudaihi, S.A.M. Said, and M.A. Habib. Energy, exergy and parametric analysis of a combined cycle power plant.

[18] M.N. Khan, T.A. Alkanhal, J. Majdoubi, and I. Tlili. Performance enhancement of regenerative gas turbine: air bottoming combined cycle using bypass valve and heat exchanger—energy and exergy analysis.

[19] F. Rueda Martínez, A. Rueda Martínez, A. Toleda Velazquez, P. Quinto Diez, G. Tolentino Eslava, and J. Abugaber Francis. Evaluation of the gas turbine inlet temperature with relation to the excess air.

[20] A.K. Mohapatra and R. Sanjay. Exergetic evaluation of gas-turbine based combined cycle system with vapor absorption inlet cooling.

[21] A.A. Alsairafi. Effects of ambient conditions on the thermodynamic performance of hybrid nuclear-combined cycle power plant.

[22] A.K. Tiwari, M.M. Hasan, and M. Islam. Effect of ambient temperature on the performance of a combined cycle power plant.

[23] T.K. Ibrahim, M.M. Rahman, and A.N. Abdalla. Gas turbine configuration for improving the performance of combined cycle power plant.

[24] M.N. Khan and I. Tlili. New advancement of high performance for a combined cycle power plant: Thermodynamic analysis.

[25] S.Y. Ebaid and Q.Z. Al-hamdan. Thermodynamic analysis of different configurations of combined cycle power plants.

[26] R. Teflissi and A. Ataei. Effect of temperature and gas flow on the efficiency of an air bottoming cycle.

[27] A.A. Bazmi, G. Zahedi, and H. Hashim. Design of decentralized biopower generation and distribution system for developing countries.

[28] A.I. Chatzimouratidis and P.A. Pilavachi. Decision support systems for power plants impact on the living standard.

[29] T.K. Ibrahim, F. Basrawi, O.I. Awad, A.N. Abdullah, G. Najafi, R. Mamat, and F.Y. Hagos. Thermal performance of gas turbine power plant based on exergy analysis.

[30] M. Ghazikhani, I. Khazaee, and E. Abdekhodaie. Exergy analysis of gas turbine with air bottoming cycle.

[31] M.N. Khan, I. Tlili, and W.A. Khan. thermodynamic optimization of new combined gas/steam power cycles with HRSG and heat exchanger.

[32] N. Abdelhafidi, İ.H. Yılmaz, and N.E.I. Bachari. An innovative dynamic model for an integrated solar combined cycle power plant under off-design conditions.

[33] T.K. Ibrahim, M.K. Mohammed, O.I. Awad, M.M. Rahman, G. Najafi, F. Basrawi, A.N. Abd Alla, and R. Mamat. The optimum performance of the combined cycle power plant: A comprehensive review.

[34] M.N. Khan. Energy and exergy analyses of regenerative gas turbine air-bottoming combined cycle: optimum performance.

[35] A.M. Alklaibi, M.N. Khan, and W.A. Khan. Thermodynamic analysis of gas turbine with air bottoming cycle.

[36] M. Ghazikhani, M. Passandideh-Fard, and M. Mousavi. Two new high-performance cycles for gas turbine with air bottoming.

[37] M.N. Khan and I. Tlili. Innovative thermodynamic parametric investigation of gas and steam bottoming cycles with heat exchanger and heat recovery steam generator: Energy and exergy analysis.

[38] M.N. Khan and I. Tlili. Performance enhancement of a combined cycle using heat exchanger bypass control: A thermodynamic investigation.

[39] M. Korobitsyn. Industrial applications of the air bottoming cycle.

[40] T.K. Ibrahim and M.M. Rahman. optimum performance improvements of the combined cycle based on an intercooler–reheated gas turbine.

Keywords:
sandwich meta-structure
classic sandwich strip
ratio of interfacial contact
interlayer bonding factor
coefficient of impact sensitivity
flexural stiffness

The aim of this paper is to compare some geometric parameters and deflections of a sandwich meta-structure with its classic, three-layer counterpart. Both structures are composed of the same materials and have the same external dimensions and mass, but their middle layers (cores) are different. The core of the sandwich meta-structure is a new spatial structure itself, consisting of there-layer bars. The core of the classic sandwich structure is a layer of the continuum. To make the comparison more general and convincing, three geometrical parameters, i.e., ratio of interfacial contact (Ric), interlayer bonding factor (Ibf) and coefficient of impact sensitivity (Cis), were introduced and applied. Deflections of the structures, simply supported at the edges and loaded in the mid-span by a static force, have been measured and are presented in the paper. Potential advantages of the new meta-structure are briefly outlined.

[1] A. Valera-Medina, A. Giles, D. Pugh, S. Morris, M. Pohl, and A. Ortwein. Investigation of combustion of emulated biogas in a gas turbine test rig.
*Journal of Thermal Science*, 27:331–340, 2018. doi:
10.1007/s11630-018-1024-1.

[2] K. Tanaka and I. Ushiyama. Thermodynamic performance analysis of gas turbine power plants with intercooler: 1st report, Theory of intercooling and performance of intercooling type gas turbine.*Bulletin of JSME*, 13(64):1210–1231, 1970. doi:
10.1299/jsme1958.13.1210.

[3] H.M. Kwon, T.S. Kim, J.L. Sohn, and D.W. Kang. Performance improvement of gas turbine combined cycle power plant by dual cooling of the inlet air and turbine coolant using an absorption chiller.*Energy*, 163:1050–1061, 2018. doi:
10.1016/j.energy.2018.08.191.

[4] A.T. Baheta and S.I.-U.-H. Gilani. The effect of ambient temperature on a gas turbine performance in part load operation.*AIP Conference Proceedings*, 1440:889–893, 2012. doi:
10.1063/1.4704300.

[5] F.R. Pance Arrieta and E.E. Silva Lora. Influence of ambient temperature on combined-cycle power-plant performance.*Applied Energy*, 80(3):261–272, 2005. doi:
10.1016/j.apenergy.2004.04.007.

[6] M. Ameri and P. Ahmadi. The study of ambient temperature effects on exergy losses of a heat recovery steam generator. In: Cen, K., Chi, Y., Wang, F. (eds)*Challenges of Power Engineering and Environment*. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2007. doi:
10.1007/978-3-540-76694-0_9.

[7] M.A.A. Alfellag: Parametric investigation of a modified gas turbine power plant.*Thermal Science and Engineering Progress*, 3:141–149, 2017. doi:
10.1016/j.tsep.2017.07.004.

[8] J.H. Horlock and W.A. Woods. Determination of the optimum performance of gas turbines.*Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part C: Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science*, 214:243–255, 2000. doi:
10.1243/0954406001522930.

[9] L. Battisti, R. Fedrizzi, and G. Cerri. Novel technology for gas turbine blade effusion cooling. In:*Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo 2006: Power for Land, Sea, and Air. Volume 3: Heat Transfer, Parts A and B*. pages 491–501. Barcelona, Spain. May 8–11, 2006. doi:
10.1115/GT2006-90516.

[10] F.J. Wang and J.S. Chiou. Integration of steam injection and inlet air cooling for a gas turbine generation system.*Energy Conversion and Management*, 45(1):15–26, 2004. doi:
10.1016/S0196-8904 (03)00125-0.

[11] Z. Wang.*1.23 Energy and air pollution*. In I. Dincer (ed.):
*Comprehensive Energy Systems*, pp. 909–949. Elsevier, 2018. doi:
10.1016/B978-0-12-809597-3.00127-9.

[12] Z. Khorshidi, N.H. Florin, M.T. Ho, and D.E. Wiley. Techno-economic evaluation of co-firing biomass gas with natural gas in existing NGCC plants with and without CO$_2$ capture.*International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control*, 49:343–363, 2016. doi:
10.1016/j.ijggc.2016.03.007.

[13] K. Mohammadi, M. Saghafifar, and J.G. McGowan. Thermo-economic evaluation of modifications to a gas power plant with an air bottoming combined cycle.*Energy Conversion and Management*, 172:619–644, 2018. doi:
10.1016/j.enconman.2018.07.038.

[14] S. Mohtaram, J. Lin, W. Chen, and M.A. Nikbakht. Evaluating the effect of ammonia-water dilution pressure and its density on thermodynamic performance of combined cycles by the energy-exergy analysis approach.*Mechanika*, 23(2):18110, 2017. doi:
10.5755/j01.mech.23.2.18110.

[15] M. Maheshwari and O. Singh. Comparative evaluation of different combined cycle configurations having simple gas turbine, steam turbine and ammonia water turbine.*Energy*, 168:1217–1236, 2019. doi:
10.1016/j.energy.2018.12.008.

[16] A. Khaliq and S.C. Kaushik. Second-law based thermodynamic analysis of Brayton/Rankine combined power cycle with reheat.*Applied Energy*, 78(2):179–197, 2004. doi:
10.1016/j.apenergy.2003.08.002.

[17] M. Aliyu, A.B. AlQudaihi, S.A.M. Said, and M.A. Habib. Energy, exergy and parametric analysis of a combined cycle power plant.*Thermal Science and Engineering Progress*. 15:100450, 2020. doi:
10.1016/j.tsep.2019.100450.

[18] M.N. Khan, T.A. Alkanhal, J. Majdoubi, and I. Tlili. Performance enhancement of regenerative gas turbine: air bottoming combined cycle using bypass valve and heat exchanger—energy and exergy analysis.*Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry*. 144:821–834, 2021. doi:
10.1007/s10973-020-09550-w.

[19] F. Rueda Martínez, A. Rueda Martínez, A. Toleda Velazquez, P. Quinto Diez, G. Tolentino Eslava, and J. Abugaber Francis. Evaluation of the gas turbine inlet temperature with relation to the excess air.*Energy and Power Engineering*, 3(4):517–524, 2011. doi:
10.4236/epe.2011.34063.

[20] A.K. Mohapatra and R. Sanjay. Exergetic evaluation of gas-turbine based combined cycle system with vapor absorption inlet cooling.*Applied Thermal Engineering*, 136:431–443, 2018. doi:
10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2018.03.023.

[21] A.A. Alsairafi. Effects of ambient conditions on the thermodynamic performance of hybrid nuclear-combined cycle power plant.*International Journal of Energy Research*, 37(3):211–227, 2013. doi:
10.1002/er.1901.

[22] A.K. Tiwari, M.M. Hasan, and M. Islam. Effect of ambient temperature on the performance of a combined cycle power plant.*Transactions of the Canadian Society for Mechanical Engineering*, 37(4):1177–1188, 2013. doi:
10.1139/tcsme-2013-0099.

[23] T.K. Ibrahim, M.M. Rahman, and A.N. Abdalla. Gas turbine configuration for improving the performance of combined cycle power plant.*Procedia Engineering*, 15:4216–4223, 2011. doi:
10.1016/j.proeng.2011.08.791.

[24] M.N. Khan and I. Tlili. New advancement of high performance for a combined cycle power plant: Thermodynamic analysis.*Case Studies in Thermal Engineering*. 12:166–175, 2018. doi:
10.1016/j.csite.2018.04.001.

[25] S.Y. Ebaid and Q.Z. Al-hamdan. Thermodynamic analysis of different configurations of combined cycle power plants.*Mechanical Engineering Research*. 5(2):89–113, 2015. doi:
10.5539/mer.v5n2p89.

[26] R. Teflissi and A. Ataei. Effect of temperature and gas flow on the efficiency of an air bottoming cycle.*Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy*, 5(2):021409, 2013. doi:
10.1063/1.4798486.

[27] A.A. Bazmi, G. Zahedi, and H. Hashim. Design of decentralized biopower generation and distribution system for developing countries.*Journal of Cleaner Production*, 86:209–220, 2015. doi:
10.1016/j.jclepro.2014.08.084.

[28] A.I. Chatzimouratidis and P.A. Pilavachi. Decision support systems for power plants impact on the living standard.*Energy Conversion and Management*, 64:182–198, 2012. doi:
10.1016/j.enconman.2012.05.006.

[29] T.K. Ibrahim, F. Basrawi, O.I. Awad, A.N. Abdullah, G. Najafi, R. Mamat, and F.Y. Hagos. Thermal performance of gas turbine power plant based on exergy analysis.*Applied Thermal Engineering*, 115:977–985, 2017. doi:
10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2017.01.032.

[30] M. Ghazikhani, I. Khazaee, and E. Abdekhodaie. Exergy analysis of gas turbine with air bottoming cycle.*Energy*, 72:599–607, 2014. doi:
10.1016/j.energy.2014.05.085.

[31] M.N. Khan, I. Tlili, and W.A. Khan. thermodynamic optimization of new combined gas/steam power cycles with HRSG and heat exchanger.*Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering*, 42:4547–4558, 2017. doi:
10.1007/s13369-017-2549-4.

[32] N. Abdelhafidi, İ.H. Yılmaz, and N.E.I. Bachari. An innovative dynamic model for an integrated solar combined cycle power plant under off-design conditions.*Energy Conversion and Management*, 220:113066, 2020. doi:
10.1016/j.enconman.2020.113066.

[33] T.K. Ibrahim, M.K. Mohammed, O.I. Awad, M.M. Rahman, G. Najafi, F. Basrawi, A.N. Abd Alla, and R. Mamat. The optimum performance of the combined cycle power plant: A comprehensive review.*Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews*, 79:459–474, 2017. doi:
10.1016/j.rser.2017.05.060.

[34] M.N. Khan. Energy and exergy analyses of regenerative gas turbine air-bottoming combined cycle: optimum performance.*Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering*, 45:5895–5905, 2020. doi:
10.1007/s13369-020-04600-9.

[35] A.M. Alklaibi, M.N. Khan, and W.A. Khan. Thermodynamic analysis of gas turbine with air bottoming cycle.*Energy*, 107:603–611, 2016. doi:
10.1016/j.energy.2016.04.055.

[36] M. Ghazikhani, M. Passandideh-Fard, and M. Mousavi. Two new high-performance cycles for gas turbine with air bottoming.*Energy*, 36(1):294–304, 2011. doi:
10.1016/j.energy.2010.10.040.

[37] M.N. Khan and I. Tlili. Innovative thermodynamic parametric investigation of gas and steam bottoming cycles with heat exchanger and heat recovery steam generator: Energy and exergy analysis.*Energy Reports*, 4:497–506, 2018. doi:
10.1016/j.egyr.2018.07.007.

[38] M.N. Khan and I. Tlili. Performance enhancement of a combined cycle using heat exchanger bypass control: A thermodynamic investigation.*Journal of Cleaner Production*, 192:443–452, 2018. doi:
10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.04.272.

[39] M. Korobitsyn. Industrial applications of the air bottoming cycle.*Energy Conversion and Management*, 43(9-12):1311–1322, 2002. doi:
10.1016/S0196-8904(02)00017-1.

[40] T.K. Ibrahim and M.M. Rahman. optimum performance improvements of the combined cycle based on an intercooler–reheated gas turbine.*Journal of Energy Resources Technology*, 137(6):061601, 2015. doi:
10.1115/1.4030447.

Go to article
[2] K. Tanaka and I. Ushiyama. Thermodynamic performance analysis of gas turbine power plants with intercooler: 1st report, Theory of intercooling and performance of intercooling type gas turbine.

[3] H.M. Kwon, T.S. Kim, J.L. Sohn, and D.W. Kang. Performance improvement of gas turbine combined cycle power plant by dual cooling of the inlet air and turbine coolant using an absorption chiller.

[4] A.T. Baheta and S.I.-U.-H. Gilani. The effect of ambient temperature on a gas turbine performance in part load operation.

[5] F.R. Pance Arrieta and E.E. Silva Lora. Influence of ambient temperature on combined-cycle power-plant performance.

[6] M. Ameri and P. Ahmadi. The study of ambient temperature effects on exergy losses of a heat recovery steam generator. In: Cen, K., Chi, Y., Wang, F. (eds)

[7] M.A.A. Alfellag: Parametric investigation of a modified gas turbine power plant.

[8] J.H. Horlock and W.A. Woods. Determination of the optimum performance of gas turbines.

[9] L. Battisti, R. Fedrizzi, and G. Cerri. Novel technology for gas turbine blade effusion cooling. In:

[10] F.J. Wang and J.S. Chiou. Integration of steam injection and inlet air cooling for a gas turbine generation system.

[11] Z. Wang.

[12] Z. Khorshidi, N.H. Florin, M.T. Ho, and D.E. Wiley. Techno-economic evaluation of co-firing biomass gas with natural gas in existing NGCC plants with and without CO$_2$ capture.

[13] K. Mohammadi, M. Saghafifar, and J.G. McGowan. Thermo-economic evaluation of modifications to a gas power plant with an air bottoming combined cycle.

[14] S. Mohtaram, J. Lin, W. Chen, and M.A. Nikbakht. Evaluating the effect of ammonia-water dilution pressure and its density on thermodynamic performance of combined cycles by the energy-exergy analysis approach.

[15] M. Maheshwari and O. Singh. Comparative evaluation of different combined cycle configurations having simple gas turbine, steam turbine and ammonia water turbine.

[16] A. Khaliq and S.C. Kaushik. Second-law based thermodynamic analysis of Brayton/Rankine combined power cycle with reheat.

[17] M. Aliyu, A.B. AlQudaihi, S.A.M. Said, and M.A. Habib. Energy, exergy and parametric analysis of a combined cycle power plant.

[18] M.N. Khan, T.A. Alkanhal, J. Majdoubi, and I. Tlili. Performance enhancement of regenerative gas turbine: air bottoming combined cycle using bypass valve and heat exchanger—energy and exergy analysis.

[19] F. Rueda Martínez, A. Rueda Martínez, A. Toleda Velazquez, P. Quinto Diez, G. Tolentino Eslava, and J. Abugaber Francis. Evaluation of the gas turbine inlet temperature with relation to the excess air.

[20] A.K. Mohapatra and R. Sanjay. Exergetic evaluation of gas-turbine based combined cycle system with vapor absorption inlet cooling.

[21] A.A. Alsairafi. Effects of ambient conditions on the thermodynamic performance of hybrid nuclear-combined cycle power plant.

[22] A.K. Tiwari, M.M. Hasan, and M. Islam. Effect of ambient temperature on the performance of a combined cycle power plant.

[23] T.K. Ibrahim, M.M. Rahman, and A.N. Abdalla. Gas turbine configuration for improving the performance of combined cycle power plant.

[24] M.N. Khan and I. Tlili. New advancement of high performance for a combined cycle power plant: Thermodynamic analysis.

[25] S.Y. Ebaid and Q.Z. Al-hamdan. Thermodynamic analysis of different configurations of combined cycle power plants.

[26] R. Teflissi and A. Ataei. Effect of temperature and gas flow on the efficiency of an air bottoming cycle.

[27] A.A. Bazmi, G. Zahedi, and H. Hashim. Design of decentralized biopower generation and distribution system for developing countries.

[28] A.I. Chatzimouratidis and P.A. Pilavachi. Decision support systems for power plants impact on the living standard.

[29] T.K. Ibrahim, F. Basrawi, O.I. Awad, A.N. Abdullah, G. Najafi, R. Mamat, and F.Y. Hagos. Thermal performance of gas turbine power plant based on exergy analysis.

[30] M. Ghazikhani, I. Khazaee, and E. Abdekhodaie. Exergy analysis of gas turbine with air bottoming cycle.

[31] M.N. Khan, I. Tlili, and W.A. Khan. thermodynamic optimization of new combined gas/steam power cycles with HRSG and heat exchanger.

[32] N. Abdelhafidi, İ.H. Yılmaz, and N.E.I. Bachari. An innovative dynamic model for an integrated solar combined cycle power plant under off-design conditions.

[33] T.K. Ibrahim, M.K. Mohammed, O.I. Awad, M.M. Rahman, G. Najafi, F. Basrawi, A.N. Abd Alla, and R. Mamat. The optimum performance of the combined cycle power plant: A comprehensive review.

[34] M.N. Khan. Energy and exergy analyses of regenerative gas turbine air-bottoming combined cycle: optimum performance.

[35] A.M. Alklaibi, M.N. Khan, and W.A. Khan. Thermodynamic analysis of gas turbine with air bottoming cycle.

[36] M. Ghazikhani, M. Passandideh-Fard, and M. Mousavi. Two new high-performance cycles for gas turbine with air bottoming.

[37] M.N. Khan and I. Tlili. Innovative thermodynamic parametric investigation of gas and steam bottoming cycles with heat exchanger and heat recovery steam generator: Energy and exergy analysis.

[38] M.N. Khan and I. Tlili. Performance enhancement of a combined cycle using heat exchanger bypass control: A thermodynamic investigation.

[39] M. Korobitsyn. Industrial applications of the air bottoming cycle.

[40] T.K. Ibrahim and M.M. Rahman. optimum performance improvements of the combined cycle based on an intercooler–reheated gas turbine.

Keywords:
unsteady flows
flap
airbrakes
high-speed car

This paper presents the results of numerical analysis of aerodynamic characteristics of a sports car equipped with movable aerodynamic elements. The effects of size, shape, position, angle of inclination of the moving flaps on the aerodynamic downforce and aerodynamic drag forces acting on the vehicle were investigated. The calculations were performed with the help of the ANSYS-Fluent CFD software. The transient flow of incompressible fluid around the car body with moving flaps, with modeled turbulence (model Spalart-Allmaras or SAS), was simulated. The paper presents examples of effective flap configuration, and the example of configuration which does not generate aerodynamic downforce. One compares the change in the forces generated at different angles of flap opening, pressure distribution, and visualization of streamlines around the body. There are shown the physical reasons for the observed abnormal characteristics of some flap configurations. The results of calculations are presented in the form of pressure contours, pathlines, and force changes in the function of the angle of flap rotation. There is also presented estimated practical suitability of particular flap configurations for controlling the high-speed car stability and performance.

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Go to article
[2] K. Tanaka and I. Ushiyama. Thermodynamic performance analysis of gas turbine power plants with intercooler: 1st report, Theory of intercooling and performance of intercooling type gas turbine.

[3] H.M. Kwon, T.S. Kim, J.L. Sohn, and D.W. Kang. Performance improvement of gas turbine combined cycle power plant by dual cooling of the inlet air and turbine coolant using an absorption chiller.

[4] A.T. Baheta and S.I.-U.-H. Gilani. The effect of ambient temperature on a gas turbine performance in part load operation.

[5] F.R. Pance Arrieta and E.E. Silva Lora. Influence of ambient temperature on combined-cycle power-plant performance.

[6] M. Ameri and P. Ahmadi. The study of ambient temperature effects on exergy losses of a heat recovery steam generator. In: Cen, K., Chi, Y., Wang, F. (eds)

[7] M.A.A. Alfellag: Parametric investigation of a modified gas turbine power plant.

[8] J.H. Horlock and W.A. Woods. Determination of the optimum performance of gas turbines.

[9] L. Battisti, R. Fedrizzi, and G. Cerri. Novel technology for gas turbine blade effusion cooling. In:

[10] F.J. Wang and J.S. Chiou. Integration of steam injection and inlet air cooling for a gas turbine generation system.

[11] Z. Wang.

[12] Z. Khorshidi, N.H. Florin, M.T. Ho, and D.E. Wiley. Techno-economic evaluation of co-firing biomass gas with natural gas in existing NGCC plants with and without CO$_2$ capture.

[13] K. Mohammadi, M. Saghafifar, and J.G. McGowan. Thermo-economic evaluation of modifications to a gas power plant with an air bottoming combined cycle.

[14] S. Mohtaram, J. Lin, W. Chen, and M.A. Nikbakht. Evaluating the effect of ammonia-water dilution pressure and its density on thermodynamic performance of combined cycles by the energy-exergy analysis approach.

[15] M. Maheshwari and O. Singh. Comparative evaluation of different combined cycle configurations having simple gas turbine, steam turbine and ammonia water turbine.

[16] A. Khaliq and S.C. Kaushik. Second-law based thermodynamic analysis of Brayton/Rankine combined power cycle with reheat.

[17] M. Aliyu, A.B. AlQudaihi, S.A.M. Said, and M.A. Habib. Energy, exergy and parametric analysis of a combined cycle power plant.

[18] M.N. Khan, T.A. Alkanhal, J. Majdoubi, and I. Tlili. Performance enhancement of regenerative gas turbine: air bottoming combined cycle using bypass valve and heat exchanger—energy and exergy analysis.

[19] F. Rueda Martínez, A. Rueda Martínez, A. Toleda Velazquez, P. Quinto Diez, G. Tolentino Eslava, and J. Abugaber Francis. Evaluation of the gas turbine inlet temperature with relation to the excess air.

[20] A.K. Mohapatra and R. Sanjay. Exergetic evaluation of gas-turbine based combined cycle system with vapor absorption inlet cooling.

[21] A.A. Alsairafi. Effects of ambient conditions on the thermodynamic performance of hybrid nuclear-combined cycle power plant.

[22] A.K. Tiwari, M.M. Hasan, and M. Islam. Effect of ambient temperature on the performance of a combined cycle power plant.

[23] T.K. Ibrahim, M.M. Rahman, and A.N. Abdalla. Gas turbine configuration for improving the performance of combined cycle power plant.

[24] M.N. Khan and I. Tlili. New advancement of high performance for a combined cycle power plant: Thermodynamic analysis.

[25] S.Y. Ebaid and Q.Z. Al-hamdan. Thermodynamic analysis of different configurations of combined cycle power plants.

[26] R. Teflissi and A. Ataei. Effect of temperature and gas flow on the efficiency of an air bottoming cycle.

[27] A.A. Bazmi, G. Zahedi, and H. Hashim. Design of decentralized biopower generation and distribution system for developing countries.

[28] A.I. Chatzimouratidis and P.A. Pilavachi. Decision support systems for power plants impact on the living standard.

[29] T.K. Ibrahim, F. Basrawi, O.I. Awad, A.N. Abdullah, G. Najafi, R. Mamat, and F.Y. Hagos. Thermal performance of gas turbine power plant based on exergy analysis.

[30] M. Ghazikhani, I. Khazaee, and E. Abdekhodaie. Exergy analysis of gas turbine with air bottoming cycle.

[31] M.N. Khan, I. Tlili, and W.A. Khan. thermodynamic optimization of new combined gas/steam power cycles with HRSG and heat exchanger.

[32] N. Abdelhafidi, İ.H. Yılmaz, and N.E.I. Bachari. An innovative dynamic model for an integrated solar combined cycle power plant under off-design conditions.

[33] T.K. Ibrahim, M.K. Mohammed, O.I. Awad, M.M. Rahman, G. Najafi, F. Basrawi, A.N. Abd Alla, and R. Mamat. The optimum performance of the combined cycle power plant: A comprehensive review.

[34] M.N. Khan. Energy and exergy analyses of regenerative gas turbine air-bottoming combined cycle: optimum performance.

[35] A.M. Alklaibi, M.N. Khan, and W.A. Khan. Thermodynamic analysis of gas turbine with air bottoming cycle.

[36] M. Ghazikhani, M. Passandideh-Fard, and M. Mousavi. Two new high-performance cycles for gas turbine with air bottoming.

[37] M.N. Khan and I. Tlili. Innovative thermodynamic parametric investigation of gas and steam bottoming cycles with heat exchanger and heat recovery steam generator: Energy and exergy analysis.

[38] M.N. Khan and I. Tlili. Performance enhancement of a combined cycle using heat exchanger bypass control: A thermodynamic investigation.

[39] M. Korobitsyn. Industrial applications of the air bottoming cycle.

[40] T.K. Ibrahim and M.M. Rahman. optimum performance improvements of the combined cycle based on an intercooler–reheated gas turbine.

4
Numerical analysis of fluid motion inside partially filled container which is moving in unsteady way

The paper describes the behavior of the liquid in a container that moves with a constant speed along a track consisting of three arcs. Such a complicated track shape generates complex form of inertia forces acting on the liquid and generates the sloshing effect. The behavior of the tank container vehicle is affected by the time-dependent inertia forces associated with the transient sloshing motion of the liquid in the non-inertial frame. These internal excitations, acting on a tank construction, can cause a loss of stability of the vehicle. For that reason, the authors analyze the dynamic loads acting on the walls of the tank truck container. The variation of the position of the liquid cargo gravity center, that depends on the filling level of the container, is also analyzed. The simulations were performed according to the varying fill level, which was 20%, 50% and 80% of a liquid in the whole tank volume. The simulations were carried out for a one-compartment container. Another aim of this study was the investigation of the influence of container division (tank with one, two and three compartments) on behavior of the liquid. These simulations considered only the half-filled container which was treated as a dangerous configuration prohibited by the law regulations for one-compartment tank. The results of simulation are presented in the form of visualization of temporary liquid free surface shape, variation of forces and moments, as well as frequency analysis. The results of simulation were analyzed, and some general conclusion were derived, providing the material for future investigation and modifications of the law regulations.

[2] K. Tanaka and I. Ushiyama. Thermodynamic performance analysis of gas turbine power plants with intercooler: 1st report, Theory of intercooling and performance of intercooling type gas turbine.

[3] H.M. Kwon, T.S. Kim, J.L. Sohn, and D.W. Kang. Performance improvement of gas turbine combined cycle power plant by dual cooling of the inlet air and turbine coolant using an absorption chiller.

[4] A.T. Baheta and S.I.-U.-H. Gilani. The effect of ambient temperature on a gas turbine performance in part load operation.

[5] F.R. Pance Arrieta and E.E. Silva Lora. Influence of ambient temperature on combined-cycle power-plant performance.

[6] M. Ameri and P. Ahmadi. The study of ambient temperature effects on exergy losses of a heat recovery steam generator. In: Cen, K., Chi, Y., Wang, F. (eds)

[7] M.A.A. Alfellag: Parametric investigation of a modified gas turbine power plant.

[8] J.H. Horlock and W.A. Woods. Determination of the optimum performance of gas turbines.

[9] L. Battisti, R. Fedrizzi, and G. Cerri. Novel technology for gas turbine blade effusion cooling. In:

[10] F.J. Wang and J.S. Chiou. Integration of steam injection and inlet air cooling for a gas turbine generation system.

[11] Z. Wang.

[12] Z. Khorshidi, N.H. Florin, M.T. Ho, and D.E. Wiley. Techno-economic evaluation of co-firing biomass gas with natural gas in existing NGCC plants with and without CO$_2$ capture.

[13] K. Mohammadi, M. Saghafifar, and J.G. McGowan. Thermo-economic evaluation of modifications to a gas power plant with an air bottoming combined cycle.

[14] S. Mohtaram, J. Lin, W. Chen, and M.A. Nikbakht. Evaluating the effect of ammonia-water dilution pressure and its density on thermodynamic performance of combined cycles by the energy-exergy analysis approach.

[15] M. Maheshwari and O. Singh. Comparative evaluation of different combined cycle configurations having simple gas turbine, steam turbine and ammonia water turbine.

[16] A. Khaliq and S.C. Kaushik. Second-law based thermodynamic analysis of Brayton/Rankine combined power cycle with reheat.

[17] M. Aliyu, A.B. AlQudaihi, S.A.M. Said, and M.A. Habib. Energy, exergy and parametric analysis of a combined cycle power plant.

[18] M.N. Khan, T.A. Alkanhal, J. Majdoubi, and I. Tlili. Performance enhancement of regenerative gas turbine: air bottoming combined cycle using bypass valve and heat exchanger—energy and exergy analysis.

[19] F. Rueda Martínez, A. Rueda Martínez, A. Toleda Velazquez, P. Quinto Diez, G. Tolentino Eslava, and J. Abugaber Francis. Evaluation of the gas turbine inlet temperature with relation to the excess air.

[20] A.K. Mohapatra and R. Sanjay. Exergetic evaluation of gas-turbine based combined cycle system with vapor absorption inlet cooling.

[21] A.A. Alsairafi. Effects of ambient conditions on the thermodynamic performance of hybrid nuclear-combined cycle power plant.

[22] A.K. Tiwari, M.M. Hasan, and M. Islam. Effect of ambient temperature on the performance of a combined cycle power plant.

[23] T.K. Ibrahim, M.M. Rahman, and A.N. Abdalla. Gas turbine configuration for improving the performance of combined cycle power plant.

[24] M.N. Khan and I. Tlili. New advancement of high performance for a combined cycle power plant: Thermodynamic analysis.

[25] S.Y. Ebaid and Q.Z. Al-hamdan. Thermodynamic analysis of different configurations of combined cycle power plants.

[26] R. Teflissi and A. Ataei. Effect of temperature and gas flow on the efficiency of an air bottoming cycle.

[27] A.A. Bazmi, G. Zahedi, and H. Hashim. Design of decentralized biopower generation and distribution system for developing countries.

[28] A.I. Chatzimouratidis and P.A. Pilavachi. Decision support systems for power plants impact on the living standard.

[29] T.K. Ibrahim, F. Basrawi, O.I. Awad, A.N. Abdullah, G. Najafi, R. Mamat, and F.Y. Hagos. Thermal performance of gas turbine power plant based on exergy analysis.

[30] M. Ghazikhani, I. Khazaee, and E. Abdekhodaie. Exergy analysis of gas turbine with air bottoming cycle.

[31] M.N. Khan, I. Tlili, and W.A. Khan. thermodynamic optimization of new combined gas/steam power cycles with HRSG and heat exchanger.

[32] N. Abdelhafidi, İ.H. Yılmaz, and N.E.I. Bachari. An innovative dynamic model for an integrated solar combined cycle power plant under off-design conditions.

[33] T.K. Ibrahim, M.K. Mohammed, O.I. Awad, M.M. Rahman, G. Najafi, F. Basrawi, A.N. Abd Alla, and R. Mamat. The optimum performance of the combined cycle power plant: A comprehensive review.

[34] M.N. Khan. Energy and exergy analyses of regenerative gas turbine air-bottoming combined cycle: optimum performance.

[35] A.M. Alklaibi, M.N. Khan, and W.A. Khan. Thermodynamic analysis of gas turbine with air bottoming cycle.

[36] M. Ghazikhani, M. Passandideh-Fard, and M. Mousavi. Two new high-performance cycles for gas turbine with air bottoming.

[37] M.N. Khan and I. Tlili. Innovative thermodynamic parametric investigation of gas and steam bottoming cycles with heat exchanger and heat recovery steam generator: Energy and exergy analysis.

[38] M.N. Khan and I. Tlili. Performance enhancement of a combined cycle using heat exchanger bypass control: A thermodynamic investigation.

[39] M. Korobitsyn. Industrial applications of the air bottoming cycle.

[40] T.K. Ibrahim and M.M. Rahman. optimum performance improvements of the combined cycle based on an intercooler–reheated gas turbine.

Keywords:
logarithmic mean temperature difference
heat exchanger
Nusselt number
nanofluids
overall heat transfer coefficient

Cooling is indispensable for maintaining the desired performance and reliability over a very huge variety of products like electronic devices, computer, automobiles, high power laser system etc. Apart from the heat load amplification and heat fluxes caused by many industrial products, cooling is one of the major technical challenges encountered by the industries like manufacturing sectors, transportation, microelectronics, etc. Normally water, ethylene glycol and oil are being used as the fluid to carry away the heat in these devices. The development of nanofluid generally shows a better heat transfer characteristics than the water. This research work summarizes the experimental study of the forced convective heat transfer and flow characteristics of a nanofluid consisting of water and 1% Al_{2}O_{3}(volume concentration) nanoparticle flowing in a parallel flow, counter flow and shell and tube heat exchanger under laminar flow conditions. The Al_{2}O_{3} nanoparticles of about 50 nm diameter are used in this work. Three different mass flow rates have been selected and the experiments have been conducted and their results are reported. This result portrays that the overall heat transfer coefficient and dimensionless Nusselt number of nanofluid is slightly higher than that of the base liquid at same mass flow rate at same inlet temperature. From the experimental result it is clear that the overall heat transfer coefficient of the nanofluid increases with an increase in the mass flow rate. It shows that whenever mass flow rate increases, the overall heat transfer coefficient along with Nusselt number eventually increases irrespective of flow direction. It was also found that during the increase in mass flow rate LMTD value ultimately decreases irrespective of flow direction. However, shell and tube heat exchanger provides better heat transfer characteristics than parallel and counter flow heat exchanger due to multi pass flow of nanofluid. The overall heat transfer coefficient, Nusselt number and logarithmic mean temperature difference of the water and Al_{2}O_{3}/water nanofluid are also studied and the results are plotted graphically.

[2] K. Tanaka and I. Ushiyama. Thermodynamic performance analysis of gas turbine power plants with intercooler: 1st report, Theory of intercooling and performance of intercooling type gas turbine.

[3] H.M. Kwon, T.S. Kim, J.L. Sohn, and D.W. Kang. Performance improvement of gas turbine combined cycle power plant by dual cooling of the inlet air and turbine coolant using an absorption chiller.

[4] A.T. Baheta and S.I.-U.-H. Gilani. The effect of ambient temperature on a gas turbine performance in part load operation.

[5] F.R. Pance Arrieta and E.E. Silva Lora. Influence of ambient temperature on combined-cycle power-plant performance.

[6] M. Ameri and P. Ahmadi. The study of ambient temperature effects on exergy losses of a heat recovery steam generator. In: Cen, K., Chi, Y., Wang, F. (eds)

[7] M.A.A. Alfellag: Parametric investigation of a modified gas turbine power plant.

[8] J.H. Horlock and W.A. Woods. Determination of the optimum performance of gas turbines.

[9] L. Battisti, R. Fedrizzi, and G. Cerri. Novel technology for gas turbine blade effusion cooling. In:

[10] F.J. Wang and J.S. Chiou. Integration of steam injection and inlet air cooling for a gas turbine generation system.

[11] Z. Wang.

[12] Z. Khorshidi, N.H. Florin, M.T. Ho, and D.E. Wiley. Techno-economic evaluation of co-firing biomass gas with natural gas in existing NGCC plants with and without CO$_2$ capture.

[13] K. Mohammadi, M. Saghafifar, and J.G. McGowan. Thermo-economic evaluation of modifications to a gas power plant with an air bottoming combined cycle.

[14] S. Mohtaram, J. Lin, W. Chen, and M.A. Nikbakht. Evaluating the effect of ammonia-water dilution pressure and its density on thermodynamic performance of combined cycles by the energy-exergy analysis approach.

[15] M. Maheshwari and O. Singh. Comparative evaluation of different combined cycle configurations having simple gas turbine, steam turbine and ammonia water turbine.

[16] A. Khaliq and S.C. Kaushik. Second-law based thermodynamic analysis of Brayton/Rankine combined power cycle with reheat.

[17] M. Aliyu, A.B. AlQudaihi, S.A.M. Said, and M.A. Habib. Energy, exergy and parametric analysis of a combined cycle power plant.

[18] M.N. Khan, T.A. Alkanhal, J. Majdoubi, and I. Tlili. Performance enhancement of regenerative gas turbine: air bottoming combined cycle using bypass valve and heat exchanger—energy and exergy analysis.

[19] F. Rueda Martínez, A. Rueda Martínez, A. Toleda Velazquez, P. Quinto Diez, G. Tolentino Eslava, and J. Abugaber Francis. Evaluation of the gas turbine inlet temperature with relation to the excess air.

[20] A.K. Mohapatra and R. Sanjay. Exergetic evaluation of gas-turbine based combined cycle system with vapor absorption inlet cooling.

[21] A.A. Alsairafi. Effects of ambient conditions on the thermodynamic performance of hybrid nuclear-combined cycle power plant.

[22] A.K. Tiwari, M.M. Hasan, and M. Islam. Effect of ambient temperature on the performance of a combined cycle power plant.

[23] T.K. Ibrahim, M.M. Rahman, and A.N. Abdalla. Gas turbine configuration for improving the performance of combined cycle power plant.

[24] M.N. Khan and I. Tlili. New advancement of high performance for a combined cycle power plant: Thermodynamic analysis.

[25] S.Y. Ebaid and Q.Z. Al-hamdan. Thermodynamic analysis of different configurations of combined cycle power plants.

[26] R. Teflissi and A. Ataei. Effect of temperature and gas flow on the efficiency of an air bottoming cycle.

[27] A.A. Bazmi, G. Zahedi, and H. Hashim. Design of decentralized biopower generation and distribution system for developing countries.

[28] A.I. Chatzimouratidis and P.A. Pilavachi. Decision support systems for power plants impact on the living standard.

[29] T.K. Ibrahim, F. Basrawi, O.I. Awad, A.N. Abdullah, G. Najafi, R. Mamat, and F.Y. Hagos. Thermal performance of gas turbine power plant based on exergy analysis.

[30] M. Ghazikhani, I. Khazaee, and E. Abdekhodaie. Exergy analysis of gas turbine with air bottoming cycle.

[31] M.N. Khan, I. Tlili, and W.A. Khan. thermodynamic optimization of new combined gas/steam power cycles with HRSG and heat exchanger.

[32] N. Abdelhafidi, İ.H. Yılmaz, and N.E.I. Bachari. An innovative dynamic model for an integrated solar combined cycle power plant under off-design conditions.

[33] T.K. Ibrahim, M.K. Mohammed, O.I. Awad, M.M. Rahman, G. Najafi, F. Basrawi, A.N. Abd Alla, and R. Mamat. The optimum performance of the combined cycle power plant: A comprehensive review.

[34] M.N. Khan. Energy and exergy analyses of regenerative gas turbine air-bottoming combined cycle: optimum performance.

[35] A.M. Alklaibi, M.N. Khan, and W.A. Khan. Thermodynamic analysis of gas turbine with air bottoming cycle.

[36] M. Ghazikhani, M. Passandideh-Fard, and M. Mousavi. Two new high-performance cycles for gas turbine with air bottoming.

[37] M.N. Khan and I. Tlili. Innovative thermodynamic parametric investigation of gas and steam bottoming cycles with heat exchanger and heat recovery steam generator: Energy and exergy analysis.

[38] M.N. Khan and I. Tlili. Performance enhancement of a combined cycle using heat exchanger bypass control: A thermodynamic investigation.

[39] M. Korobitsyn. Industrial applications of the air bottoming cycle.

[40] T.K. Ibrahim and M.M. Rahman. optimum performance improvements of the combined cycle based on an intercooler–reheated gas turbine.

In the present work, a constitutive model of materials undergoing the plastic strain induced phase transformation and damage evolution has been developed. The model is based on the linearized transformation kinetics. Moreover, isotropic damage evolution is considered. The constitutive model has been implemented in the finite element software Abaqus/Explicit by means of the external user subroutine VUMAT. A uniaxial tension test was simulated in Abaqus/Explicit to compare experimental and numerical results. Expansion bellows was also modelled and computed as a real structural element, commonly used at cryogenic conditions.

[2] K. Tanaka and I. Ushiyama. Thermodynamic performance analysis of gas turbine power plants with intercooler: 1st report, Theory of intercooling and performance of intercooling type gas turbine.

[3] H.M. Kwon, T.S. Kim, J.L. Sohn, and D.W. Kang. Performance improvement of gas turbine combined cycle power plant by dual cooling of the inlet air and turbine coolant using an absorption chiller.

[4] A.T. Baheta and S.I.-U.-H. Gilani. The effect of ambient temperature on a gas turbine performance in part load operation.

[5] F.R. Pance Arrieta and E.E. Silva Lora. Influence of ambient temperature on combined-cycle power-plant performance.

[6] M. Ameri and P. Ahmadi. The study of ambient temperature effects on exergy losses of a heat recovery steam generator. In: Cen, K., Chi, Y., Wang, F. (eds)

[7] M.A.A. Alfellag: Parametric investigation of a modified gas turbine power plant.

[8] J.H. Horlock and W.A. Woods. Determination of the optimum performance of gas turbines.

[9] L. Battisti, R. Fedrizzi, and G. Cerri. Novel technology for gas turbine blade effusion cooling. In:

[10] F.J. Wang and J.S. Chiou. Integration of steam injection and inlet air cooling for a gas turbine generation system.

[11] Z. Wang.

[12] Z. Khorshidi, N.H. Florin, M.T. Ho, and D.E. Wiley. Techno-economic evaluation of co-firing biomass gas with natural gas in existing NGCC plants with and without CO$_2$ capture.

[13] K. Mohammadi, M. Saghafifar, and J.G. McGowan. Thermo-economic evaluation of modifications to a gas power plant with an air bottoming combined cycle.

[14] S. Mohtaram, J. Lin, W. Chen, and M.A. Nikbakht. Evaluating the effect of ammonia-water dilution pressure and its density on thermodynamic performance of combined cycles by the energy-exergy analysis approach.

[15] M. Maheshwari and O. Singh. Comparative evaluation of different combined cycle configurations having simple gas turbine, steam turbine and ammonia water turbine.

[16] A. Khaliq and S.C. Kaushik. Second-law based thermodynamic analysis of Brayton/Rankine combined power cycle with reheat.

[17] M. Aliyu, A.B. AlQudaihi, S.A.M. Said, and M.A. Habib. Energy, exergy and parametric analysis of a combined cycle power plant.

[18] M.N. Khan, T.A. Alkanhal, J. Majdoubi, and I. Tlili. Performance enhancement of regenerative gas turbine: air bottoming combined cycle using bypass valve and heat exchanger—energy and exergy analysis.

[19] F. Rueda Martínez, A. Rueda Martínez, A. Toleda Velazquez, P. Quinto Diez, G. Tolentino Eslava, and J. Abugaber Francis. Evaluation of the gas turbine inlet temperature with relation to the excess air.

[20] A.K. Mohapatra and R. Sanjay. Exergetic evaluation of gas-turbine based combined cycle system with vapor absorption inlet cooling.

[21] A.A. Alsairafi. Effects of ambient conditions on the thermodynamic performance of hybrid nuclear-combined cycle power plant.

[22] A.K. Tiwari, M.M. Hasan, and M. Islam. Effect of ambient temperature on the performance of a combined cycle power plant.

[23] T.K. Ibrahim, M.M. Rahman, and A.N. Abdalla. Gas turbine configuration for improving the performance of combined cycle power plant.

[24] M.N. Khan and I. Tlili. New advancement of high performance for a combined cycle power plant: Thermodynamic analysis.

[25] S.Y. Ebaid and Q.Z. Al-hamdan. Thermodynamic analysis of different configurations of combined cycle power plants.

[26] R. Teflissi and A. Ataei. Effect of temperature and gas flow on the efficiency of an air bottoming cycle.

[27] A.A. Bazmi, G. Zahedi, and H. Hashim. Design of decentralized biopower generation and distribution system for developing countries.

[28] A.I. Chatzimouratidis and P.A. Pilavachi. Decision support systems for power plants impact on the living standard.

[29] T.K. Ibrahim, F. Basrawi, O.I. Awad, A.N. Abdullah, G. Najafi, R. Mamat, and F.Y. Hagos. Thermal performance of gas turbine power plant based on exergy analysis.

[30] M. Ghazikhani, I. Khazaee, and E. Abdekhodaie. Exergy analysis of gas turbine with air bottoming cycle.

[31] M.N. Khan, I. Tlili, and W.A. Khan. thermodynamic optimization of new combined gas/steam power cycles with HRSG and heat exchanger.

[32] N. Abdelhafidi, İ.H. Yılmaz, and N.E.I. Bachari. An innovative dynamic model for an integrated solar combined cycle power plant under off-design conditions.

[33] T.K. Ibrahim, M.K. Mohammed, O.I. Awad, M.M. Rahman, G. Najafi, F. Basrawi, A.N. Abd Alla, and R. Mamat. The optimum performance of the combined cycle power plant: A comprehensive review.

[34] M.N. Khan. Energy and exergy analyses of regenerative gas turbine air-bottoming combined cycle: optimum performance.

[35] A.M. Alklaibi, M.N. Khan, and W.A. Khan. Thermodynamic analysis of gas turbine with air bottoming cycle.

[36] M. Ghazikhani, M. Passandideh-Fard, and M. Mousavi. Two new high-performance cycles for gas turbine with air bottoming.

[37] M.N. Khan and I. Tlili. Innovative thermodynamic parametric investigation of gas and steam bottoming cycles with heat exchanger and heat recovery steam generator: Energy and exergy analysis.

[38] M.N. Khan and I. Tlili. Performance enhancement of a combined cycle using heat exchanger bypass control: A thermodynamic investigation.

[39] M. Korobitsyn. Industrial applications of the air bottoming cycle.

[40] T.K. Ibrahim and M.M. Rahman. optimum performance improvements of the combined cycle based on an intercooler–reheated gas turbine.

Flank wear of multilayer coated carbide (TiN/TiCN/Al_{2}O_{3}/TiN) insert in dry hard turning is studied. Machining under wet condition is also performed and flank wear is measured. A novel micro-channel is devised in the insert to deliver the cutting fluid directly at the tool-chip interface. Lower levels of cutting parameters yield the minimum flank wear which is significantly affected by cutting speed and feed rate. In comparison to dry and wet machining, insert with micro-channel reduces the flank wear by 48.87% and 3.04% respectively. The tool with micro-channel provides saving of about 87.5% in the consumption of volume of cutting fluid and energy.

[2] K. Tanaka and I. Ushiyama. Thermodynamic performance analysis of gas turbine power plants with intercooler: 1st report, Theory of intercooling and performance of intercooling type gas turbine.

[3] H.M. Kwon, T.S. Kim, J.L. Sohn, and D.W. Kang. Performance improvement of gas turbine combined cycle power plant by dual cooling of the inlet air and turbine coolant using an absorption chiller.

[4] A.T. Baheta and S.I.-U.-H. Gilani. The effect of ambient temperature on a gas turbine performance in part load operation.

[5] F.R. Pance Arrieta and E.E. Silva Lora. Influence of ambient temperature on combined-cycle power-plant performance.

[6] M. Ameri and P. Ahmadi. The study of ambient temperature effects on exergy losses of a heat recovery steam generator. In: Cen, K., Chi, Y., Wang, F. (eds)

[7] M.A.A. Alfellag: Parametric investigation of a modified gas turbine power plant.

[8] J.H. Horlock and W.A. Woods. Determination of the optimum performance of gas turbines.

[9] L. Battisti, R. Fedrizzi, and G. Cerri. Novel technology for gas turbine blade effusion cooling. In:

[10] F.J. Wang and J.S. Chiou. Integration of steam injection and inlet air cooling for a gas turbine generation system.

[11] Z. Wang.

[12] Z. Khorshidi, N.H. Florin, M.T. Ho, and D.E. Wiley. Techno-economic evaluation of co-firing biomass gas with natural gas in existing NGCC plants with and without CO$_2$ capture.

[13] K. Mohammadi, M. Saghafifar, and J.G. McGowan. Thermo-economic evaluation of modifications to a gas power plant with an air bottoming combined cycle.

[14] S. Mohtaram, J. Lin, W. Chen, and M.A. Nikbakht. Evaluating the effect of ammonia-water dilution pressure and its density on thermodynamic performance of combined cycles by the energy-exergy analysis approach.

[15] M. Maheshwari and O. Singh. Comparative evaluation of different combined cycle configurations having simple gas turbine, steam turbine and ammonia water turbine.

[16] A. Khaliq and S.C. Kaushik. Second-law based thermodynamic analysis of Brayton/Rankine combined power cycle with reheat.

[17] M. Aliyu, A.B. AlQudaihi, S.A.M. Said, and M.A. Habib. Energy, exergy and parametric analysis of a combined cycle power plant.

[18] M.N. Khan, T.A. Alkanhal, J. Majdoubi, and I. Tlili. Performance enhancement of regenerative gas turbine: air bottoming combined cycle using bypass valve and heat exchanger—energy and exergy analysis.

[19] F. Rueda Martínez, A. Rueda Martínez, A. Toleda Velazquez, P. Quinto Diez, G. Tolentino Eslava, and J. Abugaber Francis. Evaluation of the gas turbine inlet temperature with relation to the excess air.

[20] A.K. Mohapatra and R. Sanjay. Exergetic evaluation of gas-turbine based combined cycle system with vapor absorption inlet cooling.

[21] A.A. Alsairafi. Effects of ambient conditions on the thermodynamic performance of hybrid nuclear-combined cycle power plant.

[22] A.K. Tiwari, M.M. Hasan, and M. Islam. Effect of ambient temperature on the performance of a combined cycle power plant.

[23] T.K. Ibrahim, M.M. Rahman, and A.N. Abdalla. Gas turbine configuration for improving the performance of combined cycle power plant.

[24] M.N. Khan and I. Tlili. New advancement of high performance for a combined cycle power plant: Thermodynamic analysis.

[25] S.Y. Ebaid and Q.Z. Al-hamdan. Thermodynamic analysis of different configurations of combined cycle power plants.

[26] R. Teflissi and A. Ataei. Effect of temperature and gas flow on the efficiency of an air bottoming cycle.

[27] A.A. Bazmi, G. Zahedi, and H. Hashim. Design of decentralized biopower generation and distribution system for developing countries.

[28] A.I. Chatzimouratidis and P.A. Pilavachi. Decision support systems for power plants impact on the living standard.

[29] T.K. Ibrahim, F. Basrawi, O.I. Awad, A.N. Abdullah, G. Najafi, R. Mamat, and F.Y. Hagos. Thermal performance of gas turbine power plant based on exergy analysis.

[30] M. Ghazikhani, I. Khazaee, and E. Abdekhodaie. Exergy analysis of gas turbine with air bottoming cycle.

[31] M.N. Khan, I. Tlili, and W.A. Khan. thermodynamic optimization of new combined gas/steam power cycles with HRSG and heat exchanger.

[32] N. Abdelhafidi, İ.H. Yılmaz, and N.E.I. Bachari. An innovative dynamic model for an integrated solar combined cycle power plant under off-design conditions.

[33] T.K. Ibrahim, M.K. Mohammed, O.I. Awad, M.M. Rahman, G. Najafi, F. Basrawi, A.N. Abd Alla, and R. Mamat. The optimum performance of the combined cycle power plant: A comprehensive review.

[34] M.N. Khan. Energy and exergy analyses of regenerative gas turbine air-bottoming combined cycle: optimum performance.

[35] A.M. Alklaibi, M.N. Khan, and W.A. Khan. Thermodynamic analysis of gas turbine with air bottoming cycle.

[36] M. Ghazikhani, M. Passandideh-Fard, and M. Mousavi. Two new high-performance cycles for gas turbine with air bottoming.

[37] M.N. Khan and I. Tlili. Innovative thermodynamic parametric investigation of gas and steam bottoming cycles with heat exchanger and heat recovery steam generator: Energy and exergy analysis.

[38] M.N. Khan and I. Tlili. Performance enhancement of a combined cycle using heat exchanger bypass control: A thermodynamic investigation.

[39] M. Korobitsyn. Industrial applications of the air bottoming cycle.

[40] T.K. Ibrahim and M.M. Rahman. optimum performance improvements of the combined cycle based on an intercooler–reheated gas turbine.

This paper presents an estimation of performances by tests on composite material structures. In order to evaluate the effects on the structural behavior, tests changing the percentage of orientation of the fiber at 0, 45 and 90 degrees and mixing the unidirectional plies with the fabric ones have been done. Fixed the lay-up configuration and so the stacking sequence, two typology of structures have been analyzed; the first one having only unidirectional plies while the second one having a fabric ply (plain weave 0/90) in place of the top and bottom unidirectional plies. The openhole compressive strength and the filled-hole tensile strength and moduli have been characterized by test. A total of 72 specimens have been used in the test campaign. In order to well compare the test results a Performance Weight Index (PWI) has been introduced by authors in order to normalize the strength of each laminate with respect to its weight/unit of surface. Results and different laminate behaviors have been evaluated and discussed.

[2] K. Tanaka and I. Ushiyama. Thermodynamic performance analysis of gas turbine power plants with intercooler: 1st report, Theory of intercooling and performance of intercooling type gas turbine.

[3] H.M. Kwon, T.S. Kim, J.L. Sohn, and D.W. Kang. Performance improvement of gas turbine combined cycle power plant by dual cooling of the inlet air and turbine coolant using an absorption chiller.

[4] A.T. Baheta and S.I.-U.-H. Gilani. The effect of ambient temperature on a gas turbine performance in part load operation.

[5] F.R. Pance Arrieta and E.E. Silva Lora. Influence of ambient temperature on combined-cycle power-plant performance.

[6] M. Ameri and P. Ahmadi. The study of ambient temperature effects on exergy losses of a heat recovery steam generator. In: Cen, K., Chi, Y., Wang, F. (eds)

[7] M.A.A. Alfellag: Parametric investigation of a modified gas turbine power plant.

[8] J.H. Horlock and W.A. Woods. Determination of the optimum performance of gas turbines.

[9] L. Battisti, R. Fedrizzi, and G. Cerri. Novel technology for gas turbine blade effusion cooling. In:

[10] F.J. Wang and J.S. Chiou. Integration of steam injection and inlet air cooling for a gas turbine generation system.

[11] Z. Wang.

[12] Z. Khorshidi, N.H. Florin, M.T. Ho, and D.E. Wiley. Techno-economic evaluation of co-firing biomass gas with natural gas in existing NGCC plants with and without CO$_2$ capture.

[13] K. Mohammadi, M. Saghafifar, and J.G. McGowan. Thermo-economic evaluation of modifications to a gas power plant with an air bottoming combined cycle.

[14] S. Mohtaram, J. Lin, W. Chen, and M.A. Nikbakht. Evaluating the effect of ammonia-water dilution pressure and its density on thermodynamic performance of combined cycles by the energy-exergy analysis approach.

[15] M. Maheshwari and O. Singh. Comparative evaluation of different combined cycle configurations having simple gas turbine, steam turbine and ammonia water turbine.

[16] A. Khaliq and S.C. Kaushik. Second-law based thermodynamic analysis of Brayton/Rankine combined power cycle with reheat.

[17] M. Aliyu, A.B. AlQudaihi, S.A.M. Said, and M.A. Habib. Energy, exergy and parametric analysis of a combined cycle power plant.

[18] M.N. Khan, T.A. Alkanhal, J. Majdoubi, and I. Tlili. Performance enhancement of regenerative gas turbine: air bottoming combined cycle using bypass valve and heat exchanger—energy and exergy analysis.

[19] F. Rueda Martínez, A. Rueda Martínez, A. Toleda Velazquez, P. Quinto Diez, G. Tolentino Eslava, and J. Abugaber Francis. Evaluation of the gas turbine inlet temperature with relation to the excess air.

[20] A.K. Mohapatra and R. Sanjay. Exergetic evaluation of gas-turbine based combined cycle system with vapor absorption inlet cooling.

[21] A.A. Alsairafi. Effects of ambient conditions on the thermodynamic performance of hybrid nuclear-combined cycle power plant.

[22] A.K. Tiwari, M.M. Hasan, and M. Islam. Effect of ambient temperature on the performance of a combined cycle power plant.

[23] T.K. Ibrahim, M.M. Rahman, and A.N. Abdalla. Gas turbine configuration for improving the performance of combined cycle power plant.

[24] M.N. Khan and I. Tlili. New advancement of high performance for a combined cycle power plant: Thermodynamic analysis.

[25] S.Y. Ebaid and Q.Z. Al-hamdan. Thermodynamic analysis of different configurations of combined cycle power plants.

[26] R. Teflissi and A. Ataei. Effect of temperature and gas flow on the efficiency of an air bottoming cycle.

[27] A.A. Bazmi, G. Zahedi, and H. Hashim. Design of decentralized biopower generation and distribution system for developing countries.

[28] A.I. Chatzimouratidis and P.A. Pilavachi. Decision support systems for power plants impact on the living standard.

[29] T.K. Ibrahim, F. Basrawi, O.I. Awad, A.N. Abdullah, G. Najafi, R. Mamat, and F.Y. Hagos. Thermal performance of gas turbine power plant based on exergy analysis.

[30] M. Ghazikhani, I. Khazaee, and E. Abdekhodaie. Exergy analysis of gas turbine with air bottoming cycle.

[31] M.N. Khan, I. Tlili, and W.A. Khan. thermodynamic optimization of new combined gas/steam power cycles with HRSG and heat exchanger.

[32] N. Abdelhafidi, İ.H. Yılmaz, and N.E.I. Bachari. An innovative dynamic model for an integrated solar combined cycle power plant under off-design conditions.

[33] T.K. Ibrahim, M.K. Mohammed, O.I. Awad, M.M. Rahman, G. Najafi, F. Basrawi, A.N. Abd Alla, and R. Mamat. The optimum performance of the combined cycle power plant: A comprehensive review.

[34] M.N. Khan. Energy and exergy analyses of regenerative gas turbine air-bottoming combined cycle: optimum performance.

[35] A.M. Alklaibi, M.N. Khan, and W.A. Khan. Thermodynamic analysis of gas turbine with air bottoming cycle.

[36] M. Ghazikhani, M. Passandideh-Fard, and M. Mousavi. Two new high-performance cycles for gas turbine with air bottoming.

[37] M.N. Khan and I. Tlili. Innovative thermodynamic parametric investigation of gas and steam bottoming cycles with heat exchanger and heat recovery steam generator: Energy and exergy analysis.

[38] M.N. Khan and I. Tlili. Performance enhancement of a combined cycle using heat exchanger bypass control: A thermodynamic investigation.

[39] M. Korobitsyn. Industrial applications of the air bottoming cycle.

[40] T.K. Ibrahim and M.M. Rahman. optimum performance improvements of the combined cycle based on an intercooler–reheated gas turbine.

Keywords:
topping cycle
air bottoming cycle
net power output
thermal efficiency
total exergy destruction
exergetic efficiency

[2] K. Tanaka and I. Ushiyama. Thermodynamic performance analysis of gas turbine power plants with intercooler: 1st report, Theory of intercooling and performance of intercooling type gas turbine.

[3] H.M. Kwon, T.S. Kim, J.L. Sohn, and D.W. Kang. Performance improvement of gas turbine combined cycle power plant by dual cooling of the inlet air and turbine coolant using an absorption chiller.

[4] A.T. Baheta and S.I.-U.-H. Gilani. The effect of ambient temperature on a gas turbine performance in part load operation.

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**About the Journal ***Archive of Mechanical Engineering* is an international journal publishing works of wide significance, originality and relevance in most branches of mechanical engineering. The journal is peer-reviewed and is published both in electronic and printed form. *Archive of Mechanical Engineering* publishes original papers which have not been previously published in other journal, and are not being prepared for publication elsewhere. The publisher will not be held legally responsible should there be any claims for compensation. The journal accepts papers in English.

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The Editorial Board of the Archive of Mechanical Engineering (AME) sincerely expresses gratitude to the following individuals who devoted their time to review papers submitted to the journal. Particularly, we express our gratitude to those who reviewed papers several times.

Isam Tareq ABDULLAH – Middle Technical University, Baghdad, Iraq

Ahmed AKBAR – University of Technology, Iraq

Nandalur AMER AHAMMAD – University of Tabuk, Saudi Arabia

Ali ARSHAD – Riga Technical University, Latvia

Ihsan A. BAQER – University of Technology, Iraq

Thomas BAR – Daimler AG, Stuttgart, Germany

Huang BIN – Zhejiang University, Zhoushan, China

Zbigniew BULIŃSKI – Silesian University of Technology, Poland

Onur ÇAVUSOGLU – Gazi University, Turkey

Ali J CHAMKHA – Duy Tan University, Da Nang , Vietnam

Dexiong CHEN – Putian University, China

Xiaoquan CHENG – Beihang University, Beijing, China

Piotr CYKLIS – Cracow University of Technology, Poland

Agnieszka DĄBSKA – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland

Raphael DEIMEL – Berlin University of Technology, Germany

Zhe DING – Wuhan University of Science and Technology, China

Anselmo DINIZ – University of Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil

Paweł FLASZYŃSKI – Institute of Fluid-Flow Machinery, Gdańsk, Poland

Jerzy FLOYRAN – University of Western Ontario, London, Canada

Xiuli FU – University of Jinan, China

Piotr FURMAŃSKI – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland

Artur GANCZARSKI – Cracow University of Technology, Poland

Ahmad Reza GHASEMI– University of Kashan, Iran

P.M. GOPAL – Anna University, Regional Campus Coimbatore, India

Michał GUMNIAK – Poznan University of Technology, Poland

Bali GUPTA – Jaypee University of Engineering and Technology, India

Dmitriy GVOZDYAKOV – Tomsk Polytechnic University, Russia

Jianyou HAN – University of Science and Technology, Beijing, China

Tomasz HANISZEWSKI – Silesian University of Technology, Poland

Juipin HUNG – National Chin-Yi University of Technology, Taichung, Taiwan

T. JAAGADEESHA – National Institute of Technology, Calicut, India

Jacek JACKIEWICZ – Kazimierz Wielki University, Bydgoszcz, Poland

JC JI – University of Technology, Sydney, Australia

Feng JIAO – Henan Polytechnic University, Jiaozuo, China

Daria JÓŹWIAK-NIEDŹWIEDZKA – Institute of Fundamental Technological Research, Warsaw, Poland

Rongjie KANG – Tianjin University, China

Dariusz KARDAŚ – Institute of Fluid-Flow Machinery, Gdansk, Poland

Leif KARI – KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden

Daria KHANUKAEVA – Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas, Russia

Sven-Joachim KIMMERLE – Universität der Bundeswehr München, Germany

Yeong-Jin KING – Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman, Malaysia

Kaushal KISHORE – Tata Steel Limited, Jamshedpur, India

Nataliya KIZILOVA – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland

Adam KLIMANEK – Silesian University of Technology, Poland

Vladis KOSSE – Queensland University of Technology, Australia

Maria KOTEŁKO – Lodz University of Technology, Poland

Roman KRÓL – Kazimierz Pulaski University of Technology and Humanities in Radom, Poland

Krzysztof KUBRYŃSKI – Airforce Institute of Technology, Warsaw, Poland

Mieczysław KUCZMA – Poznan University of Technology, Poland

Paweł KWIATOŃ – Czestochowa University of Technology, Poland

Lihui Lang – Beihang University, China

Rafał LASKOWSKI – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland

Guolong Li – Chongqing University, China

Leo Gu LI – Guangzhou University, China

Pengnan LI – Hunan University of Science and Technology, China

Nan LIANG – University of Toronto, Mississauga, Canada

Michał LIBERA – Poznan University of Technology, Poland

Wen-Yi LIN – Hungkuo Delin University of Technology, Taiwan

Wojciech LIPINSKI – Austrialian National University, Canberra, Australia

Linas LITVINAS – Vilnius University, Lithuania

Paweł MACIĄG – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland

Krishna Prasad MADASU – National Institute of Technology Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India

Trent MAKI – Amino North America Corporation, Canada

Marco MANCINI – Institut für Energieverfahrenstechnik und Brennstofftechnik, Germany

Piotr MAREK – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland

Miloš MATEJIĆ – University of Kragujevac, Serbia

Phani Kumar MEDURI – VIT-AP University, Amaravati, India

Fei MENG – University of Shanghai for Science and Technology, China

Saleh MOBAYEN – University of Zanjan, Iran

Vedran MRZLJAK – Rijeka University, Croatia

Adis MUMINOVIC – University of Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Mohamed Fawzy NASR – National Research Centre, Giza, Egypt

Paweł OCŁOŃ – Cracow University of Technology, Poland

Yusuf Aytaç ONUR – Zonguldak Bulent Ecevit University, Turkey

Grzegorz ORZECHOWSKI – LUT University, Lappeenranta, Finland

Halil ÖZER – Yıldız Technical University, Turkey

Muthuswamy PADMAKUMAR – Technology Centre Kennametal India Ltd., Bangalore, India

Viorel PALEU – Gheorghe Asachi Technical University of Iasi, Romania

Andrzej PANAS – Warsaw Military Academy, Poland

Carmine Maria PAPPALARDO – University of Salerno, Italy

Paweł PARULSKI – Poznan University of Technology, Poland

Antonio PICCININNI – Politecnico di Bari, Italy

Janusz PIECHNA – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland

Vaclav PISTEK – Brno University of Technology, Czech Republic

Grzegorz PRZYBYŁA – Silesian University of Technology, Poland

Paweł PYRZANOWSKI – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland

K.P. RAJURKARB – University of Nebraska-Lincoln, United States

Michał REJDAK – Institute of Chemical Processing of Coal, Zabrze, Poland

Krzysztof ROGOWSKI – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland

Juan RUBIO – University of Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil

Artur RUSOWICZ – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland

Wagner Figueiredo SACCO – Universidade Federal Fluminense, Petropolis, Brazil

Andrzej SACHAJDAK – Silesian University of Technology, Poland

Bikash SARKAR – NIT Meghalaya, Shillong, India

Bozidar SARLER – University of Lubljana, Slovenia

Veerendra SINGH – TATA STEEL, India

Wieńczysław STALEWSKI – Institute of Aviation, Warsaw, Poland

Cyprian SUCHOCKI – Institute of Fundamental Technological Research, Warsaw, Poland

Maciej SUŁOWICZ – Cracov University of Technology, Poland

Wojciech SUMELKA – Poznan University of Technology, Poland

Tomasz SZOLC – Institute of Fundamental Technological Research, Warsaw, Poland

Oskar SZULC – Institute of Fluid-Flow Machinery, Gdansk, Poland

Rafał ŚWIERCZ – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland

Raquel TABOADA VAZQUEZ – University of Coruña, Spain

Halit TURKMEN – Istanbul Technical University, Turkey

Daniel UGURU-OKORIE – Federal University, Oye Ekiti, Nigeria

Alper UYSAL – Yildiz Technical University, Turkey

Yeqin WANG – Syndem LLC, United States

Xiaoqiong WEN – Dalian University of Technology, China

Szymon WOJCIECHOWSKI – Poznan University of Technology, Poland

Marek WOJTYRA – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland

Guenter WOZNIAK – Technische Universität Chemnitz, Germany

Guanlun WU – Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China

Xiangyu WU – University of California at Berkeley, United States

Guang XIA – Hefei University of Technology, China

Jiawei XIANG – Wenzhou University, China

Jinyang XU – Shanghai Jiao Tong University,China

Jianwei YANG – Beijing University of Civil Engineering and Architecture, China

Xiao YANG – Chongqing Technology and Business University, China

Oguzhan YILMAZ – Gazi University, Turkey

Aznifa Mahyam ZAHARUDIN – Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam, Malaysia

Zdzislaw ZATORSKI – Polish Naval Academy, Gdynia, Poland

S.H. ZHANG – Institute of Metal Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China

Yu ZHANG – Shenyang Jianzhu University, China

Shun-Peng ZHU – University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu, China

Yongsheng ZHU – Xi’an Jiaotong University, China

Ahmad ABDALLA – Huaiyin Institute of Technology, China

Sara ABDELSALAM – University of California, Riverside, United States

Muhammad Ilman Hakimi Chua ABDULLAH – Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Malaysia

Hafiz Malik Naqash AFZAL – University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia

Reza ANSARI – University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran

Jeewan C. ATWAL – Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, New Delhi, India

Hadi BABAEI – Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

Sakthi BALAN – K. Ramakrishnan college of Engineering, Trichy, India

Leszek BARANOWSKI – Military University of Technology, Warsaw, Poland

Elias BRASSITOS – Lebanese American University, Byblos, Lebanon

Tadeusz BURCZYŃSKI – Institute of Fundamental Technological Research, Warsaw, Poland

Nguyen Duy CHINH – Hung Yen University of Technology and Education, Hung Yen, Vietnam

Dorota CHWIEDUK – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland

Adam CISZKIEWICZ – Cracow University of Technology, Poland

Meera CS – University of Petroleum and Energy Studies, Duhradun, India

Piotr CYKLIS – Cracow University of Technology, Poland

Abanti DATTA – Indian Institute of Engineering Science and Technology, Shibpur, India

Piotr DEUSZKIEWICZ – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland

Dinesh DHANDE – AISSMS College of Engineering, Pune, India

Sufen DONG – Dalian University of Technology, China

N. Godwin Raja EBENEZER – Loyola-ICAM College of Engineering and Technology, Chennai, India

Halina EGNER – Cracow University of Technology, Poland

Fehim FINDIK – Sakarya University of Applied Sciences, Turkey

Artur GANCZARSKI – Cracow University of Technology, Poland

Peng GAO – Northeastern University, Shenyang, China

Rafał GOŁĘBSKI – Czestochowa University of Technology, Poland

Andrzej GRZEBIELEC – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland

Ngoc San HA – Curtin University, Perth, Australia

Mehmet HASKUL – University of Sirnak, Turkey

Michal HATALA – Technical University of Košice, Slovak Republic

Dewey HODGES – Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, United States

Hamed HONARI – Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, United States

Olga IWASINSKA – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland

Emmanuelle JACQUET – University of Franche-Comté, Besançon, France

Maciej JAWORSKI – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland

Xiaoling JIN – Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China

Halil Burak KAYBAL – Amasya University, Turkey

Vladis KOSSE – Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia

Krzysztof KUBRYŃSKI – Air Force Institute of Technology, Warsaw, Poland

Waldemar KUCZYŃSKI – Koszalin University of Technology, Poland

Igor KURYTNIK – State Higher School in Oswiecim, Poland

Daniel LESNIC – University of Leeds, United Kingdom

Witold LEWANDOWSKI – Gdańsk University of Technology, Poland

Guolu LI – Hebei University of Technology, Tianjin, China

Jun LI – Xi’an Jiaotong University, China

Baiquan LIN – China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou, China

Dawei LIU – Yanshan University, Qinhuangdao, China

Luis Norberto LÓPEZ DE LACALLE – University of the Basque Country, Bilbao, Spain

Ming LUO – Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi’an, China

Xin MA – Shandong University, Jinan, China

Najmuldeen Yousif MAHMOOD – University of Technology, Baghdad, Iraq

Arun Kumar MAJUMDER – Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, India

Paweł MALCZYK – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland

Miloš MATEJIĆ – University of Kragujevac, Serbia

Norkhairunnisa MAZLAN – Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Malaysia

Dariusz MAZURKIEWICZ – Lublin University of Technology, Poland

Florin MINGIREANU – Romanian Space Agency, Bucharest, Romania

Vladimir MITYUSHEV – Pedagogical University of Cracow, Poland

Adis MUMINOVIC – University of Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Baraka Olivier MUSHAGE – Université Libre des Pays des Grands Lacs, Goma, Congo (DRC)

Tomasz MUSZYŃSKI – Gdansk University of Technology, Poland

Mohamed NASR – National Research Centre, Giza, Egypt

Driss NEHARI – University of Ain Temouchent, Algeria

Oleksii NOSKO – Bialystok University of Technology, Poland

Grzegorz NOWAK – Silesian University of Technology, Gliwice, Poland

Iwona NOWAK – Silesian University of Technology, Gliwice, Poland

Samy ORABY – Pharos University in Alexandria, Egypt

Marcin PĘKAL – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland

Bo PENG – University of Huddersfield, United Kingdom

Janusz PIECHNA – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland

Maciej PIKULIŃSKI – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland

T.V.V.L.N. RAO – The LNM Institute of Information Technology, Jaipur, India

Andrzej RUSIN – Silesian University of Technology, Gliwice, Poland

Artur RUSOWICZ – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland

Benjamin SCHLEICH – Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, Germany

Jerzy SĘK – Lodz University of Technology, Poland

Reza SERAJIAN – University of California, Merced, USA

Artem SHAKLEIN – Udmurt Federal Research Center, Izhevsk, Russia

G.L. SHI – Guangxi University of Science and Technology, Liuzhou, China

Muhammad Faheem SIDDIQUI – Vrije University, Brussels, Belgium

Jarosław SMOCZEK – AGH University of Science and Technology, Cracow, Poland

Josip STJEPANDIC – PROSTEP AG, Darmstadt, Germany

Pavel A. STRIZHAK – Tomsk Polytechnic University, Russia

Vadym STUPNYTSKYY – Lviv Polytechnic National University, Ukraine

Miklós SZAKÁLL – Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz, Germany

Agnieszka TOMASZEWSKA – Gdansk University of Technology, Poland

Artur TYLISZCZAK – Czestochowa University of Technology, Poland

Aneta USTRZYCKA – Institute of Fundamental Technological Research, Warsaw, Poland

Alper UYSAL – Yildiz Technical University, Turkey

Gabriel WĘCEL – Silesian University of Technology, Gliwice, Poland

Marek WĘGLOWSKI – Welding Institute, Gliwice, Poland

Frank WILL – Technische Universität Dresden, Germany

Michał WODTKE – Gdańsk University of Technology, Poland

Marek WOJTYRA – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland

Włodzimierz WRÓBLEWSKI – Silesian University of Technology, Gliwice, Poland

Hongtao WU – Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, China

Jinyang XU – Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China

Zhiwu XU – Harbin Institute of Technology, China

Zbigniew ZAPAŁOWICZ – West Pomeranian University of Technology, Szczecin, Poland

Zdzislaw ZATORSKI – Polish Naval Academy, Gdynia, Poland

Wanming ZHAI – Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu, China

Xin ZHANG – Wenzhou University of Technology, China

Su ZHAO – Ningbo Institute of Materials Technology and Engineering, China